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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
civilians serving as soldiers
document which benjamin franklin helped to write, called for all colonies except georgia to unite
albany plan of union
killed injured or captured soliders
sent by king george 2 to command british forces in north america, knew little about the frontier which led to disaster when he decided to attack Fort Duquesne in 1755
Edward Braddock
stated that the war had spred trouble in the four parts of the world. the two sides wanted peace. britain gained canada, all french lands east of the mississippi river except new orleans, and florida.
treaty of paris 1763
thinly populated frontier area between teh coastal settlements and the Appalachian Mountains
first europeans to settle the frontier
American Indians attacked British forces on the frontier because the British wanted to build settlements on American Indian land.
Pontiac's Rebellion
banned the British from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. created a border between colonial and American Indian lands. ordered colonists in the upper Ohio River valley to remove themselves from such settlements.
Proclamation of 1763
asked Parliament to tax teh colonists to pay for the army Britain supplied the colonists with
George Grenville
replaced the molasses act, aimed specifically at raising revenues from teh colonies
Sugar Act
required colonists to purchase a stamp for newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, and other items
Stamp Act
placed duties on imported glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea to make it easier for tax collectors to get writs of assistance
Townshend Acts
kept in place duties on imported tea and allowed the British East India Company to export directly to the colonies
Tea Act
punished colonists for the Boston Tea Party.
-closed Boston Harbor, cancled Massachusetts charter, moved trials of colonial officials to Britian allowed quartering of British troops in all colonies, and gave Canada control of the Ohio region
Intolerable Acts
lawyer from Boston, one of the first colonists to protest taxation by Parliament
James Otis
leader of a town meeting where they believed that parliament could not tax the colonists without their consent and said that agreeing to the tax would be dangerous
Samuel Adams
groups that contacted other towns and colonies, shared ideas and information about the new British laws and ways to challenge them.
Committees of Correspondence
where people refuse to buy certain goods
secret societies that sometimes used violence to frighten tax collectors
Sons of Liberty
presented a series of resolutions to the House of Burgesses in Virginia. stated that the Stamp Act violated the rights of the colonists as British citizens.
Patrick Henry
end the act
congress had 56 colonial delgates with georgia being the only colony that did not send representatives. debated the best way to respond to the crisis taking place in Boston. they recommended that the colonists continue to boycott British goods but also warned colonial militias to be prepared to fight. meanwhile, they assembled a list of 10 resolutions to prsent to king george 3, listed freedoms that the delages believed colonists should possess, including life liberty and property
First Continental Congress
militia memebers that would be ready to fight on a minute's notice
British general who took away the minutemen's weapons and ammunition and stored them in Concord, a town 20 miles west of Boston
Thomas Gage
leaders of the congress had to decide to react to the fighting, created an army and chose George Washington to command it
Second Continental Congress
the colonies' army
Continental Army
leader of the Continental Army
George Washington
petition where congress tried one more time to make peace with the British, named it because its a symbol of peace
Olive Brance Petition
a situation in which soldiers surround a city or fort
battle that took place on Breed's Hill, colonists had little ammunition and were told not to shoot unless you see the whites of they're eyes, showed the colonists that they could hold their own against the British
Battle of Bunker Hill
author of Common sense, used plain language which allowed him to reach a wider audience. arugued for breaking away from Great Britian
Thomas Paine
authors of the Declaration of Independence
John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman
document that expressed 3 main ideas
-all men posess unalienable rights
-King George 3 had violated the colonists rights
-the colonists had a right to break away from Great Britain
Declaration of Independence
people who remained loyal to Great Britain
colonists who fought for independence
protected the rights of women in the Declaration of Independence
Abigail Adams
colonists disguised as American Indians snuck onto three tea filled ships and dumped the chests into the Boston Harbor
Boston Tea Party
owner of the Liberty ship
John Hancock
defended the soldiers in the Boston Massacre when they were charged with murder
Josiah Quincy and John Adams
officer of the soldiers in the Boston Massacre
Thomas Preston
when a British soldier standing guard got into a fight with a colonist. a crowed gathered and threw snowballs and shourted insults at the guard. the mob grew louder and then suddenly the soldiers fired into the crowd killing several colonists.
Boston Massacre
information giving only one side in an argument designed to influence public opinion
same as the sons of liberty but with women
Daughters of Liberty
special forms that allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods
writs of assistance
hired foreign soldiers
promised freedom to any slave who fought for the British
Lord Dunmore's Proclamation
Great Britain's key allies. Mohawk leader, also known as James Brant. pursuaded many of the Iroquies to support the British
brought water to thirsty Patriot troops
Molly Pitcher
British general who drove the Continental Army off of Long Island.
William Howe
attacked the British by surprise on Christmas night
Battle of Trenton
another surprise attack victory for the Patriots
Battle of Trenton
led the effort for the British to recapture fort ticonderoga, would meet General Howe's troops at Albany New York
John Burgoyne
greatest win for the American forces, boosted morale and increased foriegn supporters for the Patriots
Battle of Saratoga
governor of Spanish Louisiana, key ally to the Patriots
Bernardo de Galvez
indivdual foreigner that fought for the Patriots. wounded his leg in the Battle of Brandywine Creek but still aided the patriots even giving them 200 000 dollars
Marquis de Lafayette
veteran Prussian army officer. taught the american soldiers basic military skills.
Friedrich von Steuben
one of the most successful American Captains, french gave him a small fleet which he named Bonhomme Richard after Benjamin Franklin's Poor Richard's Almanack
John Paul Jones
spent years exploring an mapping the frontier and had a plan for capturing some small forts and Indian villages, his goal was to build and army while weakening the British.
George Rogers Clark
led a poorly planed attack to drive the British out
Horatio Gates
swift hit and run attacks
guerrila warfare
good at guerrilla warefare. organized marion's brigade, a group of guerilla soldiers that used surprise attacks to destroy British communications and supply lines.
Francis Marion
french general that planned strategy with George Washington
Comte de Rochambeau
patriots captured the largest British Army in America, last major battle in the revolutionary war
battle of Yorktown
Great Britain recognized the independent United States, set up borders
Treaty of Paris 1783