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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Answer : a person who was decended
Answer : a guess or form of judgement and value or amount
Answer : a journey for some special purpose
Answer : A narrow valley usually deep and rocky. Also have steep sides
Answer : harden remains from prehistoric animals or plants on rocks
Answer : a person who studies fossils and digs them up
Where is Olduvai Gorge?
Answer : Olduvai Gorge is located on the plains of Eastern Africa. Also is near by the equator.
Did it always look the way it does today?
Answer : I think no
B. Explain your answer
Answer : Back then it used to be a grassland with a lake but million years ago there was a volcano that covered the whole grassland to ash & dirt
Who were Louis and Mary Leakey?
Answer : They are a British Team who study fossils at Oludvai Gorge. Not only that they were paleontologists.
How long - in years did they supervise reasearch at Gorge?
Answer : For forty years they did reasearch at Olduvai Gorge.
What important discovery did Mary Leakey make?
Answer : She found a almost complete skull that scientists say was 1.75 million years old.
Why is the work of a paleontoligst important to us?
Answer : It is important to us because it provides us the information from prehistory.
What kind of tools did Homo Habilis make?
Answer : Homo Habilis used a knife edge, sidescraper, primitive hammer and a scraper ( basically simple tools )
In order to survive, Homo Habilis depened totally on h _ _ _ _ _ _ and g _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Answer : Hunting & Gathering
Do you think this is a good name for the people? Explain your answer.
Answer : I think yes because they are like handy man who lived up to 50 years.
Would you like to have lived the lifestyle and in the time of the Homo Habilis? Explain your answer.
Answer : Nope because their life seems pretty complicated. Its how they catch their food like they have to surround their prey. While nowadays you can just shoot them. THe worst part is that you have to eat raw meat in order to survive.
What kind of resources do Homo Habilis have? ( give 5 )
Answer : bird eggs, berries, raw meat, branches, berries, sticks, trees, wild animals, rock.. ect.
How can you use a rock as a tool/weapon?
Answer : sticks as a weapon or cutting meat
Answer : make or become fit or sutiable
Answer : be in doubt ; hesitate
Answer : roll about lazily or pleasurbly
Answer : the major category in plants and animals
Answer : no longer in exitence
Answer : not simple like complicated
vocal tract
Answer : the airway used in the production of speech especially in the passage about the layrnx, including the pharnyx mouth and nasal cavities
Answer : a very hard grey or brown stone that makes a spark when struck
Answer : a rubbing of one object againest another by rubbing
Who was the Dutch scientists who discovered early human fossils BEFORE the Leakey's digging at Oludvai Gorge?
Answer : Dr. Eugene was the Dutch scientist who discouvered early people.
Exactly what did he find and where he find it?
Answer : In 1891, Dr Engene found human remains such as a skull and thighbone. The skull looked different from a human skull and a monkey. However the thighsbone looked like our thighbone nowadays. Since your thigh helps you to stand up properly Dr. Eugene believed they stood upright. He found these remains near Indonesia on the island Java.
What happened when he shared his discovery with the other paleontologists?
Answer : When Dr. Engene told them, they thought it was the remains of a big monkey and that made them laugh.
What did his findings later become? ( what kind of man )
Answer : The Java Man was the name it was called later on.
How many years earlier than the Leakeys did he make his discovery?
Answer : He made his discovery sixty eight years earlier than the Leakeys.
What was the difference in importance between Mary Leakey's discovery and that of Dubois?
Answer : Mary Leakey's skull was older which showed the exitence of man kind.
Who was the Canadian scientist who found a skull and bone fossils similar to those of Dubois ' Java Man?
Answer : Davidson Black was the Canadian who found a skull and bone fossils.
What did he call the people he was studying and why do you think he chose that name?
Answer : He called the people Peking Man because he found the findings at Peking, China.
What did his find cause other paleontologists to do?
Answer : They thought that they have to take it seriously.
B. Why do you think this happened?
Answer : Later on there we more findings that proved what Dubois theory was right all along.
Who was von Koenigsivald and what was he known for?
Answer : He was a German scientist who was known for finding more fossils and kept on going where Dubois left off. He got enough fossils to provide what " Java Man " looked like.
What was the name given to both Java and Peking Man by the scientific community?
Answer : The new name was Homo Erectus.
What does this name mean?
Answer : It is latin for " upright man "
Why do most paleontologists believe that homo erectus was a descendant of homo habilis?
Answer : They thought they were decendant because the fossil finds of hombo habilis was older than homo erectus. Also that they found them at the same time period.
Did ALL Homo Erectus people know how to make fire? Explain your answer.
Answer : Nope, they didn't know how to make fire. Only the later homo erectus knew how to by rubbing two objects ( or sticks ) together.
How did the ability to MAKE, not just USE fire affect the homo erectus people?
Answer : They could live better in colder climates if they wished.
Give four reasons / uses of fire by homo erectus people.
Answer : Harden, warmth & light, protection from wild animals and to cook their food.