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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the definition of
MONARCHY
a system of government in which a king rules over a group of people
what is the definition of
OLIGARCHY
a system of government in which a few people hold power over a large group
what is the definition of
TYRANNY
a form of government in which a tyrant seizes power by force and rules single-handedly
what is the definition of
DEMOCRACY
GOVERNMENT BY THE PEOPLE
CITIZENS
DESCRIPTION
A MALE OF 18 IF HIS MOTHER AND FATHER WERE CITIZENS
CITIZENS
RIGHTS
ALLOWED TO PARTICIPATE IN GOVERNMENT
CITIZENS
RESPONSIBILITIES
PARTICIPATE ON A COUNCIL/SERVED AS JURORS
FAMILIES OF CITIZENS
DESCRIPTION
WIVES AND CHILDREN
FAMILIES OF CITIZENS
RIGHTS
NO POLITICAL RIGHT
FAMILIES OF CITIZENS
RESPONSIBILITIES
COULD NOT OWN LAND
METICS
DESCRIPTION
FOREIGNERS
METICS
RIGHTS
WERE PROTECTED BY ATHENIAN LAW
METICS
RESPONSIBILITIES
COULD NOT VOTE OR HOLD POLITICAL OFFICE
SLAVES
DESCRIPTION
CAPTURED DURING FOREIGN WAR
SLAVES
RIGHTS
COULD NOT VOTE OR HAVE A JOB OR GET MARRIED WITHOUT PERMISSION. WERE PAID FOR THEIR WORK
SLAVES
RESPONSIBILITES
THEY WERE CRAFTSMEN SUCH AS METAL WORKERS OR POTTERY
5 DETAILS ABOUT THE GEOGRAPHY OF GREECE
1- RUGGED MOUNTAINS
2- BAYS AND INLETS
3-SURROUNDED BY 3 SEAS-IONIAN,AEGEAN.MEDITERRANEAN
4-MANY ISLANDS
5-GEOGRAPHY AUSED PEOPLE TO LIVE IN ISOLATED GROUPS
4 DETAILS ABOUT FARMING
1-MOST PEOPLE WORKED AS FARMERS
(COULD RAISE CROPS ALL YEAR ROUND)
2- CLIMATE LIKE SO. CALIFORNIA
(MILD WINTERS AND HOT SUMMERS)
3- MAIN CROPS - OLIVES, GRAPES AND GRAIN
4- IDEAL FOR SEA TRADE
MINOAN AGE
2000-1400 BC (600 YEARS)
MINOAN PEOPLE 2
-LIVED ON ISLAND OF CRETE
-DEVELOPED WRITING, GREAT ARTWORK AND GREAT SAILORS - WHICH = RICH TRADE
MYCENAEN AGE
1400 - 1100 BC (300 YEARS)
MYCENAEN PEOPLE 6
-LIVED ON MAINLAND
-LEARNED FROM MINOANS
-BUILT SHIPS,PALACES
-ADOPTED THE MINOAN WRITING SYSTEM
-BECAME MORE POWERFUL
-CONQUERED MINOANS AND BECAME THE DOMINANT CIVILIZATION
DARK AGE
1100-800 BC (300 YEARS)
WHAT HAPPENS DURING THE DARK AGE 7
- MYCENAE FALL TO INVADERS
-TRADE STOPS, WRITING DISAPPEARS
-PEOPLE LIVE IN ISOLATED VILLAGES
-ORIAL TRADITIONS KEEP HISTORY ALIVE
- STORYTELLERS RETOLD LEGENDS AND MYTHS
- HOMER, POET, WROTE EPIC POEMS
- ODYSSEY- EX. OF EPIC POEM
AGE OF EXPANSION
700-500 BC (200 YEARS)
WHAT HAPPENS DURING THE AGE OF EXPANSION 6
-ISOLATED VILLAGES GREW
-TRADE BEGAN
-LEADERS AROSE IN CITIES
-CITIES DEVELOPED IN TO STATES
-CITY-STATE- BECAME INDEPENDENT SELF GOVERNING UNIT
-LACK OF FARMLAND CAUSED FIGHTS AND MOVES
what is barter
people exchanged one type of product, such as grain, for another - such as olives
in 570 BC the government started making what?
gold and silver coins
what group of people made up the largest part of Athenian society?
citizens' families
How did democracy develop?
first - monarchy
next oligarchy
then tyranny
last democracy
when did democracy start in Athens?
510 BC
What did the Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations have in common?
both built ships,used the same writing system
What is a city-state?
an independent city with it's own government-
it had a city and surrounding land