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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
boy between the ages of 10 and 16 who learned a trade from a master craftsman
Mercantile Theory
colonies are created to benefit a mother country by expanding trade
Church of England
only legal Christian religion in England- all were required to attend
Middle Passage
horrible voyage to North America for enslaved Africans
indentured servants
people who were unable to pay for their passage to the colonies; worked 4-7 years for their sponsor without pay
What was the triangular trade?
trade routes between Africa and the New World
*Rum and guns (New England)--> enslaved Africans (from Africa)--> molasses (West Indies)
describe the culture and geography of the Southern Colonies
slavery, plantations, settlements along rivers, warm winters, long growing season, cash crops
describe the culture and geography of the New England Colonies
rocky soil, town meetings, ship building, fishing and whaling, Puritan influence, 1st public schools, small farms
describe the culture and geography of the Middle Colonies
grains, fertile soil, mild winters, "Breadbasket Colonies", good ports (NYC, Philadelphia), Dutch- New Netherlands, Quakers in PA
Summarize "The English Colonies" unit
people left England to live in the colonies for religious freedom, a chance to own their own land, to increase their wealth, or to start a new life. Enslaved Africans were forced to come. Different cultures in New England, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies developed because the geography of those areas was different. The English Colonies were very successful.