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70 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Holocaust
A. Nazi Persecution of Jews
Holocaust—____________ that ravaged Europe’s _______ and millions of people from other groups considered _________.
- catastrophe
- Jews
- inferior
Shoah—term used to refer to the __________ campaign to ___________ Jews during ___________
- Nazi
- exterminate
- WWII
Nazi Ideology
a) once in power acted swiftly to __________ political _________policies
b) exterminated those that ___________ them
c) disabled, Gypsies, ________ people,
d. specifically targeted ________
a. implement, racial
b. opposed
c. Slavic
d. Jews
The Nuremberg Laws
a) September, 1935, —______ took away citizenship for German Jews
b) Banned marriage between Jews and other ________
c. __________of a Jew
a. laws
b. Germans
c. Definition
d) Prohibited Jews from holding __________ or ____________
e. Compelled Jews with ___________ sounding names to adopt Jewish names
f) Passports marked with a ________
d. public office, voting
e. German
f. Red J
g) By summer of ________ at least half of Germany's __________ were __________
h) 1938 Jews banned from practicing ______ & ________ and from owning and __________ businesses
g) 1936, Jews, jobless
h) law, medicine, operating
Kristallnacht_ "____________________"
a) __________ for killing of German ___________
- "Night of broken glass"
a) retaliation, diplomat
b) staged attack that would appear as __________
c) destructionand violence against Jews in ___________ & ______________
b) spontaneous
c) Germany, Austria
d) _____ Jews dead, hundreds badly injured, thousands terriorized
e) ______ Jewish businesses and ______ synagogues destroyed
d) 90
e) 7500
180
f) _______ arrested 30,000 wealthy Jews releasing them after they agreed to surrender all ____________
g) _______ community forced to pay ________
f) Gestapo
possessions
g) Jewish
damages
Jewish Refugees Try to flee
a) between 1933-1939
350,000 Jews escaped __________
b) backlog of U.S. __________ applications
c) ______ Austrian Jews applied for American visas each day
a) Germany
b) visa
c) 3,000
d) several factors limited ________ immigration to the U.S.
1) _____ orders prohibited Jews from taking more than _______ out of Germany
d) Jewish
1) Nazi
2) Many countries refused to accept Jewish ________- high __________ rates made immigration _________
2) immigrants
unemployment
unpopular
e) Many left on _______ with forged __________ and countries refused them entry; ship returned to __________
e) ships
documents
Europe
The Final Solution
1) Wannsee Conference
a) held to determine the final solution of the ________ ___________
b) shootings and mass ___________; loading "undesirables" into truck and ________ them
a) Jewish Question
b) graves
killing
c) methods were too ______ and ___________
d) _______ made plans to round up Jews and take them to ___________ camps
c) slow
inefficient
d) Nazis
concentration
e) Healthy individuals would work as __________ labor
f) ________, infirm and young __________ would be sent to ___________ camps to be executed in massive _______ chambers
e) slave
f) Elderly
children
extermination
gas
2. Concentration Camps
a) __________- held 20,000 prisoners throughout the war; hundreds _______ as a result of ___________ and terrible __________ conditions.
a) Buchenwald
died
exhaustion
living
3. Extermination Camps
a) most were built in ________
b) ________ & __________ two of the worst
a) Poland
b) Treblinka, Auschwitz
c) Auschwitz''s gas chambers built to kill _______ at one time---sometimes gasses __________ people a day
c) 2,000
12,000
d) Of the estimated 1,600,000 people who died at Auschwitz 1,300,000 were _______
e) Jewish culture virtually __________ by the ______
d) Jews
e) obliterated
Nazis
4. How and why did the Holocaust happen?
a) no ______ answer
b) German people's sense of _______ after WWI
c) Severe ________ problems
d) ________ control over the German nation
a) firm
b) injury
c) economic
d) Hitler's
e) Lack of strong tradition of __________ government in Germany
f) _______ of Hitler's secret _______
g) long history of anti-Jewish
__________ in Europe
e) representative
f) Fear
police
g) sentiment
IV. America Enters the War
A. FDR Supports England
1. The Neutrality Act of 1939
a) _____ determined to help France & England in whatever ways possible
b) replace ban of selling __________ to a "_______ & ________" policy
a) FDR
b) weapons
cash, carry
2. Destroyers-for-Bases Deal
a) _________ asked FDR to transfer old American destroyers to Britain to ________ cargo ships and block _______ invasion
a) Churchill
protect
German
b) FDR used a loophole in the __________ Act
c) Instead of cash Britain agreed to allow the U.S. to build bases in __________ controlled territories
b) Neutrality
c) British
B. The Isolationist Debate
1. The Range of Opinion
a) Fight for __________ Committee--urged immediate _______ of war on Germany
1) Freedom
declaration
b) Committee to ______ America by ________ Allies
- pressed for increased American aid to _______ but opposed ________ intervention
b) Defend
Aiding
Allies
armed
c) America _______ Committee
- staunchly ________- firmly opposed any intervention
c) First
isolationist
2. The Election of 1940
a) FDR runs for _____ term due to climate in Europe
b) Middle course between _________ & __________
c) ________ nominee Wendell Wilkie also took middle course
b) neutrality, intervention
c) Republican
C. Edging Toward War
1. The Lend-Lease Act
a) U.S. lend or lease arms to any country deemed _______ to our ________
b) FDR warned if Britain fell the _______ Powers would try to conquer the world
a) vital
security
b) Axis
c) Contributed $50B in __________, vehicles and other supplies to the _____ effort.
d) Supplies also went to Soviet Union--________ launched massive ________ of the ________ in June 1941
c) weapons
war
d) Hitler
invasion
USSR
2. Hemispheric Defense Zone
a) FDR declared that the western half of the __________ was part of the Western Hemisphere and therefore ________ waters
a) Atlantic
neutral
b) U.S. Navy could then _______ and reveal location of German __________ to the British
b) patrol
submarines
3. The Atlantic Charter
a) FDR and Churchill met on board __________ and ________ warships anchored near __________
a) American
British
Newfoundland
b) Discuss:
1) postwar world of democracy
2) non-aggression
3) free trade
4) economic advancement
5) freedom of the seas
-
c) after incident with ________ submarine and the _______ U.S. ships given permission to "_____________"
c) German
Greer
"shoot on sight"
d) Germans escalated __________
e) Two American destroyers targeted---________ sank, 115 died
d) hostilities
e) Reuben James
f) Tense standoff in the ________ Atlantic
f) North
D. Japan Attacks the United States
1. America Embargoes Japan
a) Roosevelt introduced policies to discourage Japan from attacking British ______ and empire in ________
a) fleet
Asia
b) Put economic pressure on _________
c) Export _______ Act --restrict sale of _______ materials (scrap iron, steel, oil)
b) Japan
c) Control
strategic
d) Japan signed alliance with __________ & _______
e) __________ aid sent to China failed to halt Japanese invasion
d) Germany
Italy
e) Lend-Lease
f) Japan continued to send troops into southern _________ -- threat to British
f) Indochina
g) FDR froze all Japanese assets in U.S. reduced amount of fuel shipped to Japan, sent MacArthur to the ___________ to build American defenses
g) Philippines
h) If Japan withdrew--_________ would be lifted
i) Japan makes plans to seize --British and ________ colonies in Southeast Asia, Philippines, and to attack ___________
h) embargo
i) Dutch
Pearl Harbor
2. Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor
a) Nov. 26, 1941 6 aircraft carriers, 2 battleships and several warships set sail for __________
a) Hawaii
b) U.S. and Japanese negotiating in ____________
c) Washington doubted that Japanese would ________ in Hawaii
b) good faith
c) attack
d) ______________ left as open target because of failure to collect and share ___________
d) Pearl Harbor
information
e) Surprise attack on Dec. 7, 1941
21 U.S. ships sunk or damaged; ______ planes destroyed; 2403 __________ killed and 1178 injured
f) Senate votes 82-0; House votes _____ to 1 for declaration of ______
e) 188
Americans
f) 388
war
b) Put economic pressure on _________
c) Export _______ Act --restrict sale of _______ materials (scrap iron, steel, oil)
b) Japan
c) Control
strategic
3. Germany declares War
a) December 11, 1941 Germany and ______ declare war on the United States
a) Italy
d) Japan signed alliance with __________ & _______
e) __________ aid sent to China failed to halt Japanese invasion
d) Germany
Italy
e) Lend-Lease
f) Japan continued to send troops into southern _________ -- threat to British
f) Indochina
g) FDR froze all Japanese assets in U.S. reduced amount of fuel shipped to Japan, sent MacArthur to the ___________ to build American defenses
g) Philippines
h) If Japan withdrew--_________ would be lifted
i) Japan makes plans to seize --British and ________ colonies in Southeast Asia, Philippines, and to attack ___________
h) embargo
i) Dutch
Pearl Harbor
2. Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor
a) Nov. 26, 1941 6 aircraft carriers, 2 battleships and several warships set sail for __________
a) Hawaii
b) U.S. and Japanese negotiating in ____________
c) Washington doubted that Japanese would ________ in Hawaii
b) good faith
c) attack
d) ______________ left as open target because of failure to collect and share ___________
d) Pearl Harbor
information
e) Surprise attack on Dec. 7, 1941
21 U.S. ships sunk or damaged; ______ planes destroyed; 2403 __________ killed and 1178 injured
f) Senate votes 82-0; House votes _____ to 1 for declaration of ______
e) 188
Americans
f) 388
war
3. Germany declares War
a) December 11, 1941 Germany and ______ declare war on the United States
a) Italy
b) Put economic pressure on _________
c) Export _______ Act --restrict sale of _______ materials (scrap iron, steel, oil)
b) Japan
c) Control
strategic
d) Japan signed alliance with __________ & _______
e) __________ aid sent to China failed to halt Japanese invasion
d) Germany
Italy
e) Lend-Lease
f) Japan continued to send troops into southern _________ -- threat to British
f) Indochina
g) FDR froze all Japanese assets in U.S. reduced amount of fuel shipped to Japan, sent MacArthur to the ___________ to build American defenses
g) Philippines
h) If Japan withdrew--_________ would be lifted
i) Japan makes plans to seize --British and ________ colonies in Southeast Asia, Philippines, and to attack ___________
h) embargo
i) Dutch
Pearl Harbor
2. Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor
a) Nov. 26, 1941 6 aircraft carriers, 2 battleships and several warships set sail for __________
a) Hawaii
b) U.S. and Japanese negotiating in ____________
c) Washington doubted that Japanese would ________ in Hawaii
b) good faith
c) attack
d) ______________ left as open target because of failure to collect and share ___________
d) Pearl Harbor
information
e) Surprise attack on Dec. 7, 1941
21 U.S. ships sunk or damaged; ______ planes destroyed; 2403 __________ killed and 1178 injured
f) Senate votes 82-0; House votes _____ to 1 for declaration of ______
e) 188
Americans
f) 388
war
3. Germany declares War
a) December 11, 1941 Germany and ______ declare war on the United States
a) Italy