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32 Cards in this Set

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INTIMACY
THE CLOSENESS AND AFFECTIONATE FEELINGS OF CONNECTION THAT PEOPLE EXPERIENCE IN RELATIONSHIPS.
MERE EXPOSURE
THE IDEA THAT LIKING OR ATTRACTION FOR SOMEONE INCREASES WITH GREATER EXPOSURE.
BALANCE THEORY
WE FEEL COMFORTABLE WHEN SOMEONE WE LIKE AGREES WITH US ON ISSUES AND WHEN PEOPLE WE DISLIKE DISAGREE WITH OUR POSITION.
HOMOGAMY
THE TENDENCY TO MARRY SOMEONE ABOUT THE SAME AGE, THE SAME SOCIAL CLASS, WITH THE SAME LEVEL OF EDUCATION, RAISED IN THE RELIGION AND SO ON.
ATTACHMENT THEORY
EARLY ATTACHMENTS FORM THE BASIS OF AN INDIVIDUAL'S HAPPINESS, SECURITY, AND SELF-CONFIDENCE. ONE'S ABILITY TO DEVELOP HEALTHY ADULT RELATIONSHIPS IS AFFECTED BY THE KIND OF ATTACHMENTS WERE HELD WHEN A CHILD WAS YOUNG
THREE DISTINCT STYLES OF ATTACHMENT (AINSWORTH)
1) SECURE ATTACHMENT - CARETAKER (PARENT) IS ACCESSIBLE AND RESPONDS TO NEEDS OF CHILD. (SECURE)
2)ANXIOUS/AMBIVALENT ATTACHMENT - CARETAKER (PARENT IS NOT ACCESSIBLE OR FAILS TO RESPOND TO THE NEEDS OF THE CHILD (CAUSES SEPARATION ANXIETY)
3) AVOIDANT ATTACHMENT - CARETAKER (PARENT) AVOIDS OR REJECTS A CHILD. (ANGRY AND DETACHED) 60% SECURE ATTACHMENT, 25% AVOIDANT STYLE AND 20% ANXIOUS/AMBIVALENT
ATTACHMENT THEORY - ATTITUDES TOWARD ROMANTIC LOVE
SECURE SUBJECT SAW ROMANTIC LOVE WAX AND WANE, IN SOME RELATIONSHIPS ROMANTIC LOVE NEVER FADES.
AVOIDANT SUBJECTS DID NOT BELIEVE IN HEAD OVER HEELS LOVE, AND DID NOT BELIEVE ROMANTIC LOVE LAST FOREVER
ANXIOUS/AMBIVALENT SUBJECT THOUGHT IT WAS EASY TO FALL IN LOVE, BUT BELEIVE REAL LOVE IS HARD TO FIND.
PRATFALL EFFECT
EVIDENCE OF INFALLIBILITY (INABILITY TO MAKE MISTAKES) INCREASES ATTRACTIVENESS IN THOSE WITH A HIGH DEGREE OF COMPETENCE.
CONTRAST EFFECT
SUPER ATTRACTIVE PEOPLE MAKE EVERYONE AROUND THEM LOOK LESS ATTRACTIVE
GAIN & LOSS THEORY
INCREASES IN POSITIVE REWARDING BEHAVIOR HAVE MORE IMPACT THAN CONSTANT POSITIVE BEHAVIOR - LOSSES IN POSITIVE BEHAVIOR HAVE MORE IMPACT THAN CONSTANT NEGATIVE BEHAVIOR. EXAMPLE I WAS SO PROUD OR YOU, NOW I AM A LITTLE DISAPPOINTED. THE DISAPPOINMENT HAD MORE OF AN IMPACT THAN IF THEY JUST GOT MAD.
POPULATION STATISTICS REGARDING ATTACHMENT THEORY
7 OUT OF 10 ADULTS ARE SECURE/COMFORTABLE IN LOVE
2 IN 10 ADULTS ARE AVOIDANT/UNTRUSTING IN LOVE
1 IN 10 ADULTS IN ANXIOUS/AMBIVALENT/OBSESSIVE IN LOVE
SOCIAL EXCHANGE THEORY
WE ARE RATIONAL BEINGS AND THAT SOCIAL INTERACTIONS RESEMBLE A BUSINESS TRANSACTION. WE WILL REPEAT REWARDING BEHAVIORS. IF A BEHAVIOR BRINGS REWARDS, THEY WILL REPEAT BEHAVIOR IF PAST ACTION WORKED AND THE SITUATION LOOKS TO BE THE SAME, BEHAVIOR WILL BE REPEATED, REWARDS LOSE VALUE IF THEY ARE GIVEN TO FREQUENTLY AND GAIN VALUE IF THEY HAVE BEEN DEPRIVED, PEOPLE GET ANGRY WHEN THEY DO NOT RECEIVE AN EXPECTED REWARD.
EQUITY THEORY (OFFSHOOT OF SOCIAL EXCHANGE THEORY)(HOMANS)
ONE PERSON'S RATIO OF OUTCOMES AND CONTRIBUTIONS WOULDE BE EQUAL TO THE OTHER PERSON'S OUTCOMES AND CONTRIBUTIONS. WE DON'T LIKE TAKERS IN RELATIONSHIPS.
1) PEOPLE SEEK TO MAXIMIZE THEIR OUTCOMES
2) PEOPLE ARE DISTRESSED IN INEQUITABLE RELATIONSHIPS
3) PEOPLE WILL WORK TO RESTORE EQUITY IN A RELATIONSHIP.
COMPARISON LEVEL FOR ALTERNATIVES (THIBAUT AND KELLY)
OUTCOME INDIVIDUAL FEELS SHE DESERVES FROM A PARTICULAR RELATIONSHIP. COMPARE OTHERS WITH CURRENT RELATIONSHIP, MIGHT PURSUE NEW RELATIONSHIP.
COMMUNAL RELATIONSHIPS
CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS WHERE THERE IS NO SCOREKEEPING
COMPARISON LEVEL
OUTCOME AN INDIVIDUAL BELIEVES HE DESERVES FROM A PARTICULAR RELATIONSHIP
PRINCIPAL OF LEAST INTEREST
THE PERSON WHO SHOWED THE LEAST INTEREST IN CONTINUING THE RELATIONSHIP GAINED CONTROL.
SELF DISCLOSURE
INTIMACY REQUIRES SELF DISCLOSURE. IT IS A SPECIAL KIND OF CONVERSATION IN WHICH WE REVEAL PERSONAL INFORMATION ABOUT OURSELVES.
DESCRIPTIVE SELF DISCLOSURE
TALK ABOUT FACTS OF THEIR LIVES.
EVALUATIVE SELF DISCLOSURE
WHEN PEOPLE SHARE FEELINGS OR PERSONAL OPINIONS TO A FRIEND. MORE PERSONAL DISCLOSURES ABOUT ONESELF
SOCIAL PENETRATION THEORY
A THEORY THAT EXPLAINS HOW CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS DEVELOP THROUGH A PROCESS OF SELF DISCLOSURE. THE RELEASE OF PERSONAL INFORMATION IS DONE OVER TIME IN AN EFFORT TO INCREASE INTIMACY
DISCLOSURE OF RECIPROCITY EFFECT
DISCLOSURE BEGETS DISCLOSURE. IF YOU TELL SOMEONE INTIMATE DETAILS OF YOUR LIFE, YOU EXPECT THEM TO DO THE SAME. WOMEN DO THIS SLIGHTLY MORE THAN MEN.
GENERAL REWARD THEORY OF ATTRACTION
GOOD LOOKING PEOPLE BRING THEIR FRIENDS REWARDS. GET INCREASED COOPERATION AND ATTENTION WHEREVER YOU GO.
THREE STAGES OF MEMORY
1) ACQUISITION - PERCEPTION AT TIME OF EVENT.
2) STORAGE - STORE INFO TO AVOID FORGETTING
3) RETREIVAL (RETRIEVE INFO FROM STORAGE WHEN NEEDED.
WEAPON FOCUS EFFECT
DURING A CRIME, PEOPLE WILL FOCUS ON GUN, AND NOT LOOK OR FORGET THE PERPITRATORS FACE
CROSS RACE IDENTIFICATION DURING LINEUPS
PEOPLE CANNOT IDENTIFY PEOPLE FROM OTHER RACES AS WELL AS THEIR OWN RACE.
FAMILIARITY INDUCED BIASES DURING LINEUPS
PEOPLE CAN REMEMBER A FACE, BUT CANNOT REMEMBER WHERE THEY SAW THAT FACE.
CONFIDENCE & ACCURACY DURING LINE-UPS
IF VICTIMS ARE REPEATEDLY ASKED, THEY WOULD BECOME MORE CONFIDENT IN THEIR IDENTIFICATIONS, BUT NOT MORE ACCURATE IN THEIR IDENTIFICATIONS
POST IDENTIFICATION FEEDBACK IN LINEUPS
INFORMATION RECEIVED AFTERWARD INFLUENCES OUR CONFIDENCE, NOT ACCURACY.
FACTS ON SMOKING
75% OF POPULATION SAYS THEY SEE SOMEONE AS LESS ATTRACTIVE IF THEY SMOKE.
CAUSES OF DEATH IN AMERICA
1) HEART DISEASE
2) CANCER
3) STROKE
4) ACCIDENTS
TRAITS FOR ATTRACTIVENESS BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN
WOMEN FOUND MEN WHO HAD PROMINENT CHEEKBONES AND LARGE CHINS ATTRACTIVE. THIS SIGNIFIED MATURITY AND DOMINANCE

MEN PREFERED BIG EYED BABY FACED CHARACTERISTICS IN WOMEN.