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15 Cards in this Set

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spotlight effect
tendency to believe that other people are paying closer attention to one's appearance and behavior than they really are
illusion of transparency
tendency for people to overestimate the degree to which their personal mental state is known by others
self-concept
sum total of a being's knowledge and understanding of his or her self. Components of the self-concept include physical, psychological, and social attributes
self-schema
specific beliefs by which we define ourselves, and guide how we select information about ourselves
self-reference effect
material that relates to one's self-concept will be easier to remember
social comparison
individuals learn about and assess themselves by comparison with other people
individualism
every person is an end in himself and that no person should be sacrificed for the sake of another; individual unit of achievement
collectivism
group is primary unit of reality and the ultimate standard of value; focus on needs and goals of group; achievement is progress of society
impact bias
tendency for people to overestimate the length of the intensity of the impact of emotion-causing events
immune neglect
neglecting the "psychological immune system," enabling emotional recovery
implicit attitudes
automatic unconscious attitudes, change slowly with practice
explicit attitudes
consciously controlled attitudes, change with education and persuasion
self-esteem
person's subjective assessment of himself or herself as intrinsically positive or negative to some degree
self-efficacy
belief one has capabilities to execute the courses of actions required to manage prospective situations; perception of ability to reach goal
internal locus of control
make choices to affect life circumstances