Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is perceptual confimation?
we see things in line with our expectations; our perceptions confirm our expectations
normal people checked themselves into an insane asylum and gave false symptoms. doctors thought they were insane
contrast effect
we see things completely differently based on what they are compared to
kenrick & Gutierre
asked men to rate women...
when watching either charlies angels or cops. men though woman was hotter when watching cops than CA
false-consensus effect
we have a tendancy to believe share the same opinion as our own
asked people if they were willing to wear billboard around busy quad. asked if they thought other people would. said other people would chose action they did.
Anchoring and adjustment
if you ask people a Q and give them an anchor, they are very influenced by anchor, even if ridiculous.
ex: age? 10/30
how you frame a question determines the answer it will illicit (25% fat vs. 75% fat free)
how easily we can classify or bring info to mind influences the reponse we give (ex: plane crashes seem more prevelent than car accidents bc we hear about them more)
how typically something fits in our minds as representitive of a particular category. we can be foold by this bc sometimes cateorgies are only images (ex: granola vs. lucky charms. granola= health, but not as health really)
base-rate fallacy
when we ignore the actual likelihood of something (people think that kidnapping is the biggest thret to children; pools and guns really are)
simulation/counterfactual thinking
looks at the ease at which you can undo something in your mind by looking at the alternative (people happier with 87 than 89)
looking at reactions of ppl who get bronze vs silver metle
things you hear 1st influence weightings ...first thing colors everyhing else
trait negativity bias
negative things carry a disproportionate weight
implicit personality theory
we have beliefs about which traits go together and thus make assumptions about peoples behavior before we even meet them
hindsight bias
once we learn the outcome of something, we think it was inevitable
more likely to make these errors about ourselves than other people
Krueger & Dunning
ppl in dating relationships always think that their relationship will last forever; reality: parents, friends, roommates are more accurate judge