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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
prejudice
preconceived negative judgment of a group and its individual members
discrimination
negative behavior toward a group or its members
sterotype
belief about the personal attributes of a group of people
stereotype
belief about the personal attributes of a group of people
racism
1) prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given race 2) instituional practices (may not be motivated by prejudice) that subordinate people of a given race
sexism
1) an individual's prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given sex or 2) institutional practices, may not be motivated by prejudice, that subordinate people of a given sex
social dominance orientation
a motivation to have one's group dominate other social groups
ethnocentric
believing in the superiority of one's own ethnic and cultural group, and having a corresponding disdain for all other groups
authoritarian personality
personality that is disposed to favor obedience to authority and intolerance of outgroups and those lower in status
realistic group conflict theory
prejudice arises fro mcompetition between groups for scarce resources
social identity
the "we" aspect of ourself concept; the part of our answer to "Who am I?" that comes from our group memberships
ingroup
a group of people who share a sense of belonging, a feeling of common identity
outgroups
group that people perceive as distnitively different from or apart from their ingroup
ingroup bias
tendency to favor one's own group
terror management
people's self protective emotional and cognitive responses when confronted with reminders of their mortality
outgroups homogeneity effect
perception of outgroup members as more similar to one another than are ingroup members; they are alike while we are diverse
how do we view those within our group
as more diverse
own-race bias
the tendency for people to more accurately reognize faces of their own race
stigma consciousness
a person's expectation of being vicimtized by prejudice or discrimination
group-servingbias
explaiing away outgroup members' postive behaviors, attributing negative behaviors to their dispositions (and excusing such behavior by one's own group)
just-world phenomenon
tendency of people to believe that the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get
subtyping
accomadatig invidiuals who deviate from one's stereotype by thinking of them as exceptions to the rule
subgrouping
accomdating invididuals who deviate from one's stereotype by forming a new stereotype about this subset of the group
stereotype threat
when facing negative stereotype, concertn that one will be evaluated based on that stereotype