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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Aggression
Intentional behavior aimed at doing harm or causing pain to another person
Hostile Aggression
Aggression stemming form feelings of anger and aimed at inflicting pain
Instrumental Aggression
Aggression as a means to some goal other than causing pain
Eros
The instinct toward life, posited by Freud
Thanatos
According to Freud, and instinctual drive toward death, leading to aggressive actions
Amygdala
An area in the core of the brain that is associated with aggressive behaviors
Serotonin
A chemical in the brain that may inhibit aggressive impulses
Testosterone
A hormone associate with aggression
Frustration-Aggression Theory
The idea that frustration—the perception that you are being prevented form attaining a goal—increases the probability of an aggressive response
Aggressive Stimulus
An object that is associated with aggressive responses (e.g., a gun) and whose mere presence can increase the probability of aggression
Social Learning Theory
The idea that we learn social behavior (e.g., aggression) by others and imitating them
Scripts
Ways of behaving socially that we learn implicitly form our culture
Catharsis
The notion that “blowing off steam”—by performing an aggressive act, watching others engage in aggressive behaviors, or engaging in a fantasy of aggression—relieves built-up aggressive energies and hence reduces the likelihood of further aggressive behavior