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18 Cards in this Set

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Propinquity Effect
The finding that the more we see and interact with people, the more likely they are to become our friends
Mere Exposure Effect
The finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the more apt we are to like it
Social exchange theory
The idea that people’s feeling about a relationship depend on their perception of the rewards and costs of the relationship, the kind of relationship they deserve, and their chances for having a better relationship with someone else
Comparison level
People’s expectations about the level of rewords and punishments they are likely to receive in a particular relationship
Comparison level for alternatives
People’s expectations about the level of rewards and punishments they would receive in an alternative relationship
Equity Theory
The idea that people are happiest with relationships in which the rewards and cost experienced and the contributions made by both parties are roughly equal
Companionate Love
The intimacy and affection we feel when we care deeply for a person but do not experience passion or arousal in the person’s presence
Passionate love
And intense longing we feel for a person accompanied by physiological arousal; when our love is reciprocated, we feel great fulfillment and ecstasy, but when it is not, we feel sadness and despair
Triangular theory of love
The idea that different kinds of love consist of varying degrees of three components; intimacy, passion, and commitment
Evolutionary Approach to Love
A theory derived from evolutionary biology that holds that men and when are attracted to different characteristics in each other (men are attracted by women’s appearance; woman are attracted by men’s resources) because this maximizes their chances of reproductive success
Evolutionary Psychology
Te attempt to explain social behavior in terms of genetic factors that evolved over time according to the principles of natural selection
Attachment Styles
The expectations people develop about relationships with others, based on the relationship they had with their primary caregiver when they were infants
Secure Attachment Style
And attachment style characterized by trust, a lack of concern with being abandoned, and the view that one is worthy and well liked
Avoidant Attachment Style
And attachment style characterized by a suppression of attachment needs, because attempts to be intimate have been rebuffed; people with this style find it difficult to develop intimate relationships
Anxious/Ambivalent Attachment Style
And attachment style characterized by concern that other will not reciprocate one’s desire for intimacy, resulting in higher-than-average levels of anxiety
Investment Model
The theory that people’s commitment to a relationship in terms of rewards, cost, and comparison level and their comparison level for alternatives but also on how much they are invested in the relationship that would be lost by leaving it
Exchange Relationships
Relationships governed by the need for equity (i.e., for an equal ration or rewards and costs)
Communal relationships
Relationships in which people’s primary concern is being responsive to the other person’s needs