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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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What is a class system?
System of social inequality based on ownership and control of resources and occupation
page 23
List the three types of nations mentioned in the textbook.
High-income
Middle-income
Low-income
page 24
List the characteristics of a high income nation.
highly industrialized
technologically advanced
high per capita income
high levels of personal income
Page 24
List the characteristics of a low income nation
agrarian economy
little industrialization
low percapita income
low levels of personal income
page 24
What is the primary type of work done in an agrarian economy?
Farming, usually without much technologically advanced equipment or material
notes
List the characteristics of a middle income nation
Becoming industrialized but a large part of the population is still agrarian
page 24
Life Chances
the access people have to social resources especially food, education, shelter, and health care
page 24
Absolute poverty
Lack of access to the basic necessities of life: Food, shelter, sanitation, health care
Page 24
How many people world-wide are thought to be living in absolute poverty?
1.3 BILLION
page 24
How many people world-wide are thought to be suffering from chronic malnutrition?
600 Million
page 24
Is the population of low and middle income nations increasing or decreasing?
Increasing
page 24
What is the role of transnational or multinational corporations with respect to poor people world-wide?
Poor people provide cheap labor for the production of goods. Transnationals set up production facilities in poor countries to take advantage of the cheap labor
page 25
Define Social Stratification
The hierarchial arrangement of social groups based on their control over resources
page 26
Define hierarchy
A status system which sorts out groups (or individuals) by how much power they possess. The most powerful are at the top, the least powerful are at the bottom.
notes
Is the gap between rich and poor widening, shrinking or remaining the same?
Widening
page 26