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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The growth of ICOs depend on 6 characteristics of the global community
Economics of production
Small farmers are struggling to survive in developing nations and especially in developed nations
Farmers when faced with a decision to grow a crop that will generate numerous times the revenue of another crop will choose to make more money; farmers will maximize their yield by growing illegal substances or substances used in the manufacturing of illegal substances
Allows for the expansion of drugs into previously untouched areas
Illegal crops are grown where nobody is looking for them, which would be places that are not commonly associated with the culture

International Ungovernability
Globalization means that legal corporations now exist outside the control of a single country and it is no different for ICOs
Who is responsible for managing them?
What happens when the laws of two areas the ICO operates in conflict?
Closest organization available with this type of power is the UN
Not interested in ICOs, only nation to nation interaction

Border Porosity
Freedom to pass from one country to another with little resistance means that a criminal can commit and act and be out of harms way with virtually no challenge

Immigration Streams
ICOs exploit newly arrived ethnics; pretend to serve the immigrants while exploiting them
Police do not provide the same support for recent immigrants and illegal immigrants are unwilling to report any wrongdoing for fear of deportment

Trends is Technology
New forms of technology allows for the transfer of money and instantaneous communication across the world
GPS allow for the use of extremely rural paths that are unpatrollable by traditional means


Relative disorganization of law enforcement
One country’s attempt to break an ICO cannot be successful as ICOs always have a different country or area in which they are already operating
Only by cooperating and sharing information can a successful plan be implemented

State Crime
The most organized and sophisticated type of crime
Illegal of socially injurious acts committed for the benefit of a state or its agencies, not for personal gain or some individual or agent of the state
6 characteristics of the global community

border porosity
Freedom to pass from one country to another with little resistance means that a criminal can commit and act and be out of harms way with virtually no challenge
6 characteristics of the global community

international ungovernability
Globalization means that legal corporations now exist outside the control of a single country and it is no different for ICOs
Who is responsible for managing them?
What happens when the laws of two areas the ICO operates in conflict?
Closest organization available with this type of power is the UN
Not interested in ICOs, only nation to nation interaction
6 characteristics of the global community
Immigration Streams
ICOs exploit newly arrived ethnics; pretend to serve the immigrants while exploiting them
Police do not provide the same support for recent immigrants and illegal immigrants are unwilling to report any wrongdoing for fear of deportment
6 characteristics of the global community
Trends is Technology
New forms of technology allows for the transfer of money and instantaneous communication across the world
GPS allow for the use of extremely rural paths that are unpatrollable by traditional means
6 characteristics of the global community
Economics of production
Small farmers are struggling to survive in developing nations and especially in developed nations
Farmers when faced with a decision to grow a crop that will generate numerous times the revenue of another crop will choose to make more money; farmers will maximize their yield by growing illegal substances or substances used in the manufacturing of illegal substances
Allows for the expansion of drugs into previously untouched areas
Illegal crops are grown where nobody is looking for them, which would be places that are not commonly associated with the culture
6 characteristics of the global community

Relative disorganization of law enforcement
One country’s attempt to break an ICO cannot be successful as ICOs always have a different country or area in which they are already operating
Only by cooperating and sharing information can a successful plan be implemented
6 characteristics of the global community

State Crime
The most organized and sophisticated type of crime
Illegal of socially injurious acts committed for the benefit of a state or its agencies, not for personal gain or some individual or agent of the state
Deviant Act
One of more people aiming to accomplish a gratifying end
Require the coordination of participants
Depend upon individuals reacting flexibly to unexpected events that may arise in this relatively unstructured and unregulated arena

Like deviant organizations, deviant acts range in sophistication and scope
Loners
Committed without recourse to the assistance or presence of other people
Can be committed by one person, to that person, on that person alone

Behavioral deviance
Acts of deviance that are physically enacted by the individual
Drug addiction, suicide
Nonbehavioral deviance
Conditional deviance; deviance that relies upon having a stigmatized condition
Obesity, minority group status, racist beliefs
Structure of the Deviant Act
Loners
Committed without recourse to the assistance or presence of other people
Can be committed by one person, to that person, on that person alone

Behavioral deviance
Acts of deviance that are physically enacted by the individual
Drug addiction, suicide
Nonbehavioral deviance
Conditional deviance; deviance that relies upon having a stigmatized condition
Obesity, minority group status, racist beliefs
Conflict
A perpetrator forces the interaction on the unwilling other
an act entered into through cooperation turns out to be one setting the other up with one person getting the favorable outcome

May be carried out through secrecy, trickery, or physical force
They end up with one person giving up goods or services to the other, involuntarily or without adequate compensation
Conflictual acts may be highly volatile and may end up complaining to the authorities or enlist the aid of outside parties

Perpetrators must control not only their victims activities but also the perception of the act
Cooperation
Involves at least two voluntary participants
Usually involves the transfer of illicit goods
If money is not involved reciprocal deviant acts are traded
Examples – Bootlegging, gambling
Conflict
A perpetrator forces the interaction on the unwilling other
an act entered into through cooperation turns out to be one setting the other up with one person getting the favorable outcome

May be carried out through secrecy, trickery, or physical force
They end up with one person giving up goods or services to the other, involuntarily or without adequate compensation
Conflictual acts may be highly volatile and may end up complaining to the authorities or enlist the aid of outside parties

Perpetrators must control not only their victims activities but also the perception of the act
The case of the Man in the Middle
Nick Nottingham owned a tavern with illegal gambling devices
Had no choice in the inclusion of these devices; required by the local crime syndicate
Local justice system not concerned with gambling problem
Gambling ring becomes too big and FBI steps in
FBI applies pressure to Nottingham to testify against local syndicate; pressure in the form of harassment and threatened federal prison time
Chose Nottingham because he was a character witness for the defense in a previous trial
Results in Nottingham losing his tavern and a 6 month old child being cited for a crime
Nottingham never testifies
The scary case of Fred Koger
Dry county – a county that prohibits the sale of alcohol Ex. Moore County, Tennessee (Home of the Jack Daniels distillery)
More often than not have a thriving local moonshine industry; less prevalent today after the marijuana revolution
Fred owned numerous liquor stores in Indiana
Made routine trips to dry counties in Kentucky and Tennessee with loads of name brand alcohol
Ambushed on a major highway while with his wife
Linda Koger lives even after being shot in the jaw with a hunting rifle
Fred dies from shotgun blasts to the head
Perpetrators were arrested and given less than 10 years in prison (Paroled this year)
Official story is that the moonshiners were waiting to ambush somebody else and Fred was driving a similar truck; killed by mistake
Definition of pimp and his domain
One who controls the actions and lives off the proceeds of one or more women who work the street
Street Level Prostitution
Exchange of sex for other acts or money in cars, alleys, motels…
The most violent level of prostitution
Violence against the female most likely, from both customer and pimp
Hierarchy of pimps and their characteristics
Macks
Highest level pimp
Numerous women in “stable”
High Intake of money
Player
Mid-level pimp
Less women in stable
Tennis Shoe Pimp
Lowest level pimp
1 or 2 women in stable
Most likely to say they are “in love” with their women
macks
Highest level pimp
Numerous women in “stable”
High Intake of money
player
Mid-level pimp
Less women in stable
tennis shoe pimp
Lowest level pimp
1 or 2 women in stable
Most likely to say they are “in love” with their women
Terminology
Game
The social reality of prostituting women
Like all games have a set of rules
To have game
Being adept at pimping
To posses enough charisma to be an effective pimp
Bottom Bitch
Highest rank hoe; rarely performs actual prostitution
Teaches new prostitutes effective ways of being a ho
Penetration reserved only for the pimp
Thoroughbred
Effective prostitutes
Capable of dealing with customers on her own and able to maximize profits for her pimp
Wife-In Law
All members of a pimps stable that work together for the benefit of the lone pimp
Applies to more sophisticated pimps
gentlemen pimps: nonviolent pimping
mother pimps: act as suragant mothers
spaceage pimping: women stay because of choice not force
godfather: pimps who teach others to pimp
dope is new pimp: hos leave to work for drug dealers
dope fin pimps: pimp gives their hos drugs to work
women in pocket: pimp taking care of his hoes
ice: any name of a pimp that uses a lot of violence toward his hos
game
The social reality of prostituting women
Like all games have a set of rules
to have game
Being adept at pimping
To posses enough charisma to be an effective pimp
bottom bitch
Highest rank hoe; rarely performs actual prostitution
Teaches new prostitutes effective ways of being a ho
Penetration reserved only for the pimp
thoroughbred
Effective prostitutes
Capable of dealing with customers on her own and able to maximize profits for her pimp
wife in law
All members of a pimps stable that work together for the benefit of the lone pimp
Applies to more sophisticated pimps
gentelmen pimps
non violent
mother pimps
act as suragant mothers
godfather
women stay because they have to
dope is new pimp
hos leave to work for drug dealers
dope fin pimps
pimp gives their hos drugs to work
women in pocket
pimp taking care of his hoes
ice
any name of a pimp that uses a lot of violence toward his hos
rules for pimping
The Pimp must get paid
There cannot be any shame in your game
One must require, and if necessary, demand to get paid
2. Sold and not told
Must be able to “sell” the life of prostituting oneself as desirable and good
Must have developed a “rap”
The ability to not reveal the entire plan or lifestyle to the potential prostitute
Done effectively in rhyming couplets and slang
3. Must have a woman or women who want to see him on top
Must have a stable of women who wish to see their pimp on the top level
Done by convincing the prostitutes that they will receive prestige and other benefits of belonging to a “mack”
“She is not a successful ho if her man is not well dressed”
She wishes to have access to the underground support system for pimps and prostitutes of the highest level
pimp must get paid
There cannot be any shame in your game
One must require, and if necessary, demand to get paid
sold and not told
Must be able to “sell” the life of prostituting oneself as desirable and good
Must have developed a “rap”
The ability to not reveal the entire plan or lifestyle to the potential prostitute
Done effectively in rhyming couplets and slang
must have a woman or women who want to see him on top
Must have a stable of women who wish to see their pimp on the top level
Done by convincing the prostitutes that they will receive prestige and other benefits of belonging to a “mack”
“She is not a successful ho if her man is not well dressed”
She wishes to have access to the underground support system for pimps and prostitutes of the highest level
turning a woman out- what it means
Convincing a woman to become part of a pimps stable
Especially used in reference to first time prostitutes
Must have an effective game
Convince them that being a prostitute is the lifestyle for them
an effective "game" consists of
Selling the chance to be financially secure
Told that they were beautiful and that men wanted them
“…Literally sitting on a gold mine”
Provide a life structure
Make the ho set goals and then attain them
Never with her own money, always through the pimp
Provide a sense of belonging, family, and adventure
Is this really any different that why we go to college?
Choosing a Pimp
Courting or Honeymoon period
Time when the pimp first approaches a potential prostitute and runs his game
Can last days to weeks

Entice any woman away from another pimp
Bros before Hoes- can do so without retaliation from the current pimp
Any pimp is free to attempt to seduce a woman away from her current pimp and into his stable for his financial gain.

Rules of Interaction
Stabled prostitutes are not permitted to look an opposing pimp in the eye
If she does and is seen talking to an opposing pimp she is termed to be “out of pockets”
Out of pockets – A ho who is putting the pimps money in peril
Being Broke – Physically reprimanding a prostitute who is out of pocket; Can also be broke by the opposing pimp and have her money stolen
Choosing a Pimp
Courting or Honeymoon period
Time when the pimp first approaches a potential prostitute and runs his game
Can last days to weeks
Choosing a Pimp
Entice any woman away from another pimp
Bros before Hoes- can do so without retaliation from the current pimp
Any pimp is free to attempt to seduce a woman away from her current pimp and into his stable for his financial gain
Choosing a Pimp
rules of interaction
Stabled prostitutes are not permitted to look an opposing pimp in the eye
If she does and is seen talking to an opposing pimp she is termed to be “out of pockets”
Out of pockets – A ho who is putting the pimps money in peril
Being Broke – Physically reprimanding a prostitute who is out of pocket; Can also be broke by the opposing pimp and have her money stolen
Choosing Up
A prostitute is free to switch pimps if she feels it necessary
Will likely be “broke” for her decision to leave but opposing pimp will face no repercussions
Proper etiquette to leave all clothes and jewelry used for “hoeing” purchased by the pimp; also must provide the pimp with a leaving “gift” of money
Relationships between Pimp and Prostitute
More often than not a prostitute reported being infatuated with her pimp
This is done by providing happiness and maintaining a dark mystery about him
Provide the money and family they need
Also be able to turn off the warmness and physically harm at a moments notice; essentially creating a battered woman syndrome in each worker
Physical Control of Women
Most often unpredictable
Most common form of violence is a reprimand that occurs directly after a violation of the rules
Leaving the “ho walk” before meeting quota
Holding back money from the pimp
Used violence to discourage free lance work and to discourage free lance prostitutes from invading his territory
Emotional Control of Women
Success is dependent upon arousing fear and love in the stable
By giving love to multiple prostitutes he increases the longing to be the sole object of affection and fear she may lose it
Also increases the chance for jealousy and inter-stable problems
Relationship based on a perverse trust
Prostitutes frame off abuse and only pay attention to the feelings of security
Leaving the life
A prostitute is on her own to leave the lifestyle
No legal protection will be given as they are outlaws themselves
Pimps will actively seek and “repossess” a ho
Letting them go would be a sign of weakness and slipping game ability
Must essentially pick up and leave with no possessions
The Social Construction of Masculinity within the fraternity
They work hard to create a macho image and context and try to avoid any suggestion of “wimpishness, effeminacy, and homosexuality.
Valued members display, or are willing to go along with, a narrow conception of masculinity that stresses competition, athleticism, dominance, winning, conflict, wealth, material possessions, willingness to drink alcohol, and sexual prowess via woman.
Create façade of extreme masculinity by selective membership
Fraternity members indicate they want certain characteristics in pledges
Avoid “geeks”
Want “some big guys, very athletic”, “who can talk college sports”, “who can hold their liquor”; traditionally masculine stereotypes
Physical Appearance
Must be socially acceptable and aesthetically pleasing; “the top fraternities have the best looking guys”
Skills Sets
“have the ability to relate to girls”. “…we want guys who can relate to girls”
Socioeconomic Status
Must be wealthy and come from a good family
“They were good-looking, a big fraternity, had lots of BMWs”
University officials description of a fraternity implicated in a gang rape
Create façade of extreme masculinity by selective membership

physical appearance
Must be socially acceptable and aesthetically pleasing; “the top fraternities have the best looking guys”
Create façade of extreme masculinity by selective membership

skills sets
“have the ability to relate to girls”. “…we want guys who can relate to girls”
Create façade of extreme masculinity by selective membership

socioeconomic status
Must be wealthy and come from a good family
“They were good-looking, a big fraternity, had lots of BMWs”
University officials description of a fraternity implicated in a gang rape
Pledge process involves teaching and evaluating masculinity characteristics

Distillation process works...
Those who are less masculine drop out of the pledging process leaving a distilled group of concentrated masculinity
Includes distorted and perverted ideas about femininity
Emphasis on toughness de-emphasizes caring and sensitivity but fosters intragroup loyalty and trust
Maintaining Loyalty
Brotherhood
Relationship between fraternity members
An androspecific term
Status achieved at the end of pledging
Provides a goal for the pledges to strive for
Once achieved will not give up
Idealized in the minds of fraternity members
“Friendship and a bond for life…”
Practices of Brotherhood
Four different aspects of fraternity lifestyle make the “brothers” more likely to coerce women into sexual acts
Loyalty, group protection, and secrecy
Alcohol as a weapon
Violence and physical force
Competition and Superiority
Practices of Brotherhood
Loyalty, Group Protection, and Secrecy
The highest order of the fraternity is to protect the fraternity
“The first rule of fight club is that we do not talk about fight club”
Protection to the organization is created by the protection of each individual member
Secrecy and protection allow for an individual or group of individuals to commit a deviant act and know they have an alibi and support cast
Allows for rape to be committed with little fear of repercussions
Research shows that individuals are aware of right and wrong but the guiding principles of the fraternity overpower these ideas
Practices of Brotherhood
Alcohol as a Weapon
The use of alcohol to gain sex is pervasive in frats
Unique to frats?
Especially desirable to have sex with a “prim and proper” sorority girl
Planned to feed spiked drinks to the “uptight” sorority in order to have sex with them
Telling that one frat member said that gang rapes were wrong but did not think that one on one interaction was wrong with relation to alcohol
Practices of Brotherhood
Violence and Physical Force
Fraternities have a history of using violence in every day life
Allegations of violent hazing and parties
Fraternities “are the third riskiest property to insure behind toxic waste dumps and amusement parks”
Traditional use of violence and physical force with little repercussion leads to a likely rape
Practices of Brotherhood
Interfraternity rivalry fosters in-group identification and out-group hostility
Fraternities gain prestige and pride over being the best
Competition is particularly fierce over women