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20 Cards in this Set

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Social Mobility
the extent to which people move up or down in the class system
Social Succession
the degree to which position in the system is inherited
Caste
An enforced, hereditary system of stratification, based on racial or ethnic distinctions that are assumed to be fundamental and unchangeable. The Hindu ____ system in India is the paradigmatic case. Also, the racial system of the American South until the mid-1960s
Circulation Mobility
Mobility made possible by movement within the existing occupational structure. For example, if some offspring of men with high status jobs take lower status jobs, they create opportunities for the offspring of lower status jobholders to move up.
Outflow Mobility table/ inflow mobility table
Cross tabulations of father's occupation in the past and son or daughter's current occupation. The outflow table conceptually groups fathers into occupational categories and examines the percentage of occupational distributions of their sons or daughters. For example, such a table might include a row showing the occupations of all sons or daughters of upper-white collar men. An outflow table suggests the extent to which careers are influenced by class background. The inflow table groups sons or daughters into occupational categories and examines the corresponding percentage distributions of their fathers. Inflow tables indicate the diversity of class origins among people in each occupational category. The outflow table asks, "Where did they go?" The inflow table asks, "Where did they come from?" Outflow tables are typically percentaged across the rows; inflow tables, down the columns.
Structural Mobility
Mobility made possible by changes in the occupational structure. A relataive expansion of middle or upper level jobs, for example, would allow upward mobility from lower positions.
Capitalist Class
In the Glibert-Kahl model, the very small top class composed of people whose income is largely derived from return on assets.
Chief executive officer (CEO)
Highest ranking executive in a corporation
Elite Cohesion
The degree to which members of hypothesized elite band together in pursuit of common objectives and in opposition to other groups. The greater the degree of elite cohesion, the more likely it will be able to impose its will on others.
Elite Perspective/ Pluralist perspective
A theoretical perspective that regards power as typically diffused rather than concentrated. Pluralists find multiple bases of power representing the interests of competing groups, such that no powerful minority can easily impose its will. Contrasted with the elite perspective that emphasizes the power of ruling minority, and the class perspective, which associates power with a dominant social class, such as the capitalist class.
Endogamy
Marriage between partners drawn from the same social group. Class _____ tends to preserve class differences in customs, values, and attitudes.
The Establishment
An informal network of wealthy, powerful men drawn from the upper class. During the first three-quarters of the twenieth century, members frequently filled important government positions and influenced national policy, especially in international and economic affairs.
Polital Action Committee (PAC)
A group formed, under the provisions of the campaign finance laws, to raise and contirbute money to the campaigns of political candidates
Power
The capacity of individuals or groups to carry out their will even over the opposition of others, especially in broad political and economical contexts. For example, the power of the capitalist class over national economic priorities.
Privileged Class
The capitalist class and upper-middle class.
Soft Money
Political contributions not subject to federal regulation because they are putatively for party-building activities, voter registration, and so on, but not for campaigns of individual federal candidates. In practice, the distinction is almost meaning less. With ________, individuals, corporations, unions, and other organization have been able to make political contributions on a scale (hundreds of thousands of dollars), which would normally be prohibited by federal law. A 2002 law attempts to place strict limits on the use of ______.
Alienation
In Marx, a sense experienced when human beings lose control of their own creation and even become subject to them. One aspect of this is ____ at work -- example, the assembly-line factory worker who must create something someon else designed, that someone else will use, and at a speed determined by someone or something else.
Class Consciousness
The recognition by the members of a class of their common identity and shared interests. Marx saw _______ as a precursor to class conflict and revolution. Modern social scientists are more interested in ______ as an influence on political opinion, electoral preferences, and labor militancy.
Class Identification
The class label people chose for themselves, particularly in response to some variant of the standard survey questions, "Do you consider yourself upper class, middle class, working class, or lower class?" Responses consisten with object class position are indicative of an important aspect of ____________.
Objective Class Position
Position in the class structure as determined by obective criteria selcted by the analyst. Contrasted with the subjective consciousness individuals have of their own class position. For example, an observer may define all who work for wages at manual jobs as working class (__________), but those who hold usch jobs may include some who regard themsevles as middle class and others who see themselves as working class (subjective consciousness).