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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
loyalty to a state or section rather than a country as a whole
The word's root is in the answer.
popular sovereignty
control by the people; literal vote by the people to make important decisions
remove oneself; in this case, to remove onself from the Union
civil war
a war between people of the same country
Missouri Compromise
A compromise devised by Henry Clay that
1. added 2 new states, Maine (free) and Missouri (slave) in order to balance each other.
2. Drew an imaginary line at 36 30; above was free, but below was slave
Wimot Proviso
A proviso devised by David Wilmot that would ban slavery from any lands won from Mexico. It was never passed into law.
Free Soil Party
A political party that had a main goal of keeping slavery out of western lands
Zachary Taylor
Whig president (1848 election)
Stephen Douglas
supporter of Henry Clay who took up his work with the Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
A harsh law that put a fine of 1000$ and six months in jail on those who helped runaways escape
Compromise of 1850
1. Allowed CA to enter the Union as a free state.
2. Divided the rest of the Mexican Cession into territories of New Mexico and Utah; stand on slavery to be determined by popular sovereignty
3. Enter slave trade in Washington
4. Strict fugitive slave law
5. Settled a border between Texas and New Mexico
Why were there doubts about allowing California to enter the Union?
California would enter as a free state, thus upsetting the balance of power in the Senate; it seemed possible that other free states might join soon
What were the three main stands on the issue of slavery?
1. Pro-slavery
2. Anti-slavery
3. Moderates
guerilla warfare
the use of hit-and-run tactics
a legal case brought by a person or group against another to settle a dispute between them
Harriet Beecher Stowe
author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Novel that showed the evils of slavery and the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Law; inspired antislavery feeling in many on-the-fence northerners
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Divided the Nebraska Territory into two parts, Kansas and Nebraska, whose stand on slavery would be determined by popular sovereignty
Franklin Pierce
Democrat elected as President in 1852 who pushed K-N Act
Border Ruffians
Proslavery bands who battled antislavery groups in Kansas
John Brown
Abolitionist who killed five proslavery men
Bleeding Kansas
A nickname for the violent territory of Kansas
Charles Sumner
Massachusetts abolitionist senator who was killed because of his outspoken views, especially criticizing Andrew Butler, by Butler's nephew Preston Brooks
Dred Scott decision
The Court's ruling on the Dred Scott case that 1. Scott could not file a lawsuit, 2. slaves were property, 3. due to that Congress could not outlaw slavery in a territory