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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Who was the founder of socialogy?
Auguste Comte
Who was the second founder of socialogy?
Herbert Spencer (& Social Darwinism)
Who coined the term "survival of the fittest"?
Herbert Spencer (& Social Darwinism)
Who is associated with Class Conflict?
Karl Marx
Bourgeoisie
those who own the means to produce wealth-capital, land, factories, and machines
proletariat
the exploited workers who do not own the means of production
Who is associated with Social Integration? Strove to get socialogy recognized as a seperate academic discipline?
Emile Durkheim
man
Emile Durkheim
Study on suicide/
suicide
Social Integration
the degree to which people are tied to their social group
a key social factor in suicide
symbolic interactionism
the study of how people use symbols - the things we attach to meaning- to develop their views of the world adn communicate with on another.
Robert Merton
maintain the essence of functionalism- the image of society as a whole composed of parts that work together.
culture
the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material objects that are passed from one generation to the next.
Material culture
the material objects that distinguish a gourp of people, such as their art, buildings, weapons, utensils, mahines, hairstyles, clothing, and jewelry
Non-Material Culture
beliefs, values
ethnocentrism
the use of one's own culture as a tardstick for jedfing the ways of other individuals or societies, generally leading to a negative evaluation of their values, norms, and behaviors
cultural relativism
we can try and understand a culture on its own temrs