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40 Cards in this Set

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Feudalism
as the Carolingian kings lost power, a new system of government based on land ownership and personal loyalty devolped
vassal
A person who recieves land from a lord
Manorial system
Part of the Manor was set aside for the lord and the rest divided among the peasants, who paid the owner ren in goods, services or money. If the lord sold the manor, the peasants or serfs we sold with it
sacraments
belief that all Christians accepted, baptism, confirmation, penance, the Holy Eucharist, extreme unction, matrimony and holy orders
Saint Francis
founder of the Franciscan order, stressed vows of poverty and gentleness to all creatures
Saint Dominic
also took vows of poverty and stressed missionary work among the common people
Black Death
A disease caused by fleas that lived on black rats, called this because corpses of the victims turned a dark color
Guilds
the economic life of the towns was regulated by organizations called guilds
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Roger Bacon
an English monk who felt that learning should be based on observation not just faith or pure reason
Geoffrey Chaucer
son of the winder merchant, best story = The Canterbury Tales
Mecca
the religious capital of Saudi Arabia. Muslims turn toward Mecca when praying and go there on pilgrimagges
Muhammad
Arab prophet, founder of Islam
Five Pillars
1. There is no God but God
2. Pray five times a day facing towards Mecca
3. Fast during the daylight hours
4. Give money to the poor
5. make a pilgrimage atleast once in a persons lifetime
Koran
God’s revelations to Muhammad were written down in the Koran, the Muslim holy book
Feudalism
as the Carolingian kings lost power, a new system of government based on land ownership and personal loyalty devolped
vassal
A person who recieves land from a lord
Manorial system
Part of the Manor was set aside for the lord and the rest divided among the peasants, who paid the owner ren in goods, services or money. If the lord sold the manor, the peasants or serfs we sold with it
sacraments
belief that all Christians accepted, baptism, confirmation, penance, the Holy Eucharist, extreme unction, matrimony and holy orders
Saint Francis
founder of the Franciscan order, stressed vows of poverty and gentleness to all creatures
Saint Dominic
also took vows of poverty and stressed missionary work among the common people
Black Death
A disease caused by fleas that lived on black rats, called this because corpses of the victims turned a dark color
Guilds
the economic life of the towns was regulated by organizations called guilds
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Saint Thomas Aquinas
Roger Bacon
an English monk who felt that learning should be based on observation not just faith or pure reason
Geoffrey Chaucer
son of the winder merchant, best story = The Canterbury Tales
Mecca
the religious capital of Saudi Arabia. Muslims turn toward Mecca when praying and go there on pilgrimagges
Muhammad
Arab prophet, founder of Islam
Five Pillars
1. There is no God but God
2. Pray five times a day facing towards Mecca
3. Fast during the daylight hours
4. Give money to the poor
5. make a pilgrimage atleast once in a persons lifetime
Koran
God’s revelations to Muhammad were written down in the Koran, the Muslim holy book
Islam
means submission to god.
the religion of the Muslims
Mosque
Churches of Islam, a place or prayer and study
Shiites
members of the sect of Islam which believes that Muslim leadership passed from Muhammad to his son-in-law
Sunnis
Muslims who follwed Sunna, the example and teachings of Muhammad
Ghengis Khan
Mongol conqueror of central Asia
Church Fathers
early and influential theologians and writers in the Christian Church
Alaric
king of the visigoths
vassal
the person who recieved land from a lord
fief
the parcel of land granted, whether large or small
Crusades
"Marked with the Cross"
Jews who didn't believe in Christianity