Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/22

Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
entrepreneurs
A person who sets up and runs a business.
Europeans
Searching for a sea route to Asia when they started exploring the Americas
Puritans
Wanted religious freedom
Explorers-Balboa
SPANISH EXPLORER WHO REACHED PACIFIC OCEAN - Spanish explorer who was one of the first Europeans to settle in the Americas. He had set up a farm on the island of Hispaniola. Balboa heard about a huge ocean to the west. In 1513, Balboa and other explorers made their way west across the Isthmus of Panama, which connects North America and South America. In time, Balboa´s group reached the Pacific Ocean. They proved that Amerigo Vespucci was right about an unknown continent.
Explorers-Hernando de Soto
SPANISH EXPLORER WHO LEAD AN EXPEDITION THROUGH SOUTHEASTERN AREA OF NORTH AMERICA NOW IN THE UNITED STATES - (In 1539, he and 600 men sailed from Cuba and landed near Tampa Bay. Later, they became the first Europeans to see the Mississippi River. His explorations covered south east United States.
Explorers-LaSalle, Marquette and Joliet
Explored Mississippi River
Reformation
A Christian movement that began in sixteenth-century Europe as an attempt to reform the Catholic Church; resulted in the founding of Protestantism.
Presidios
A Spanish fort.
Virginia colony's early economy
John Rolfe brought tobacco from the West Indies to Virginia where they used it as their cash crop. Tobacco was grown and sold for money across Europe
House of Burgess
First legislature set up in Virginia Colony
Main reason Dutch came to New Netherland
In order to profit mainly from fur trade.
English colony trade rules
England set up strict rules for all of its colonies to follow. Exports from the colonies could only be sent to other English colonies or to England itself. Exports are goods sent out of the country. Colonists were supposed to buy only those imports that came from England. Imports are goods brought into a country.
Describe Philadelphia, PA during 1700s
Philadelphia was the busiest port city.
Primary Source
A record or artifact made by a person who saw or took part in an event.
Secondary Source
A record of an event made by someone who was not there at the time.
Treatment of African Slaves in 1700s
During the 1700s, some people in the colonies grew angry about the treatment of enslaved people. They wanted to end the slave trade. Over time, some New England colonists formed groups that were against slavery.
Christopher Columbus (1492) main goal and accomplishments
GOAL-Columbus believed he could reach Asia by sailing west across the Ocean Sea, as the Atlantic Ocean was then known. He thought this would be a more direct route to Asia than sailing around Africa.

ACCOMPLISHMENT-Found "new" continent of America and opened up a period of exploration by Europeans
costs and benefits for Native Americans when Europeans settled in North America
Benefits-Europeans were new people to trade with who had great inventions and other things to trade.
Costs-Over time the Europeans took land and property from the Native Americans and eventually wars broke out and many Native Americans were enslaved or killed.
How did early colonists self-govern?
Although colonists could choose some leaders and make some laws, most power remained with the king and the proprietors.
supply and demand
Supply refers to how many of a certain good or service are available for people to purchase. Demand means how many people wish to buy that good or service.
artisan
A skilled worker such as blacksmiths and carpenters who used raw materials to make goods.
apprentice
A person who lived and worked with an artisan’s family for several years, learning a skill in order to earn a living.