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76 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
list the 7 continents and hemispheres
n. america n/w
s.america s/n/w
europe n/e/w
asia n/e/w/s
africa n/s/w/e
australia e/s
antartica s/e/w

the pope (lost or gained) power and prestige as a result of the crusades
lost
list the 4 oceans
indian ocean
atlantic ocean
pacific ocean
artic ocean
the "struggle" to achieve and defend the personal and public goals of creating a musling society is known as
jihad
a holy pilgrimage to mecca is called
Hajj
the state of perfect blessedness marked by the release from the cycle of rencarnations is known as
liberation
the rigid caste system found within the hindu tradition called
caste system
the crusaders (lost)or (gained) contol of the holy land as a result of the crusades
lost
one result of the christian attempt to take conrol pf the holy lands from muslim control was increased ________ throughout europe and the near east
trade
line of latitude at 23 1/2 degrees norht latitude
tropic of cancer
in buddhism having spiritual "truths" revealed to oneself is called
enlightened
a nine branched candelabrum used in celebrating hanukah is a
menorah
the most holy hindu word often used during meditation is
om
in hinduism all the actions in a persons life that affects his or her fate int he next life is called
karma
in hinduism ones sense of duty or right conduct is called
dharma
trade associations formed by merchants and master craftsman to pretect their trades were called
guilds
the holy muslim shrine in Mecca is the _______
kaba
to gain freedom for their town, special documents called ________were often purchesed from the lords who held control of the property
towns charters
a sacred agreement such as theone the jews belived that god made with abrahman is known as
covenent
the political leader of the byzantine empire was the
emporer
the capital of the byzantine empire was
constantinople
the religious leader of th byzantine empire was the
patrician
imaginary line taht separates the nothern hemisphere from the southern hemisphere
equator
bzantine images of holy people
icons
who was burned at the stake by the english after leading french troops to victory during the hundred year war
joan of arc
pictures or designs formed by inlaid peices of colored stone often used in the byzantine art
mosacis
an english document intended to protect te liberties of the nobes by limiting the power of the king was known as the
magna carta
the invading tribe which ecentually became known as the hungarians were called the _______ during teh early middle ages
magyars
who was forced to sign the magna carts
king john
a body of land surrouned by water
peninsula
what was a more effective weapon, the longbow or the crossbow
longbow
law decisions that applied to all citizens in england became as _______ law
common
the "census" taken by king wiliam I was recorded in the
domesday book
a body of land nearly surrounded by water
island
a narrow strip of land, bordered by water connetiong 2 larger bodies of land
isthmus
the dominant germanic trive during the early miiddle ages
franks
the leader of the western church that eventually became the roman catholic church was called the
pope
the break of the eastern orthidox church wa known as a
schism
a large chain of islands
archipelago
the invaders who originally came from Scandinavia were called the
vikings
north-south lines ona map that show the distance form the prime meridian
longitude
a tall slender tower in a mosque from whichmuslims are summoned Prayers is called
minaret
land granted by the lord to the vassal
fief
a large she of ice that moves slowlu over some land surface
glacier
the agricaluture system that formed the bassis of the economic system during the early part of the middle ages
manor system
individuals during medieval times who owed loyalty and service to a lord
vassal
individuals who could not leave the land without their lords permissions
surfs
ring-shaped coral islnd or strip of islands surrounding a lagoon
atoll
most western europeans during the middle ages belongened to this social group
pessants
the code of conduct for knights
shivelry
line on latritude at 23 1/2 degrees souh latitude
tropic of capercorn
line of longitude at 0 degrees
prime meridian
the historic work of art called the _______ related the story of the Norman conquest through the use of needle work
bayeux
preaching unauthorized doctrines of the church
heiricy
the starting line for measureing longitude
prime meridian
place where a river empties into another body of water
mouth
forms at the mouth of a river from soul seposites
delta
line of latitude at 0 degrees
equator
when ppl paid to get positions int he church
seminy
imaginary line halfway around the globe fromthe prime meridian
international dateling
a projecting part of coastline that extends int an ocean, sea, or gulf
cape
who became king of egland following the battle of hastinings
William I
rebirth of the soul into another body is known as
reincarnation
compare gothic and romanesque architexture based on church architecture
gothic-arches, stain glass, windows, flying buttresses, lighter constuction, arch ways taht come to a point
romanesque-thick and dark, heavy construction, small windowsm curved arches
east-west lines on a map that shows distance from the equater
latitude
a period when the pope clled upon the peopleof western europe to retake the holy lands was known as
crusades
when nobels rewarded their loyal friends or relatives by appointing them as bishops or abbots
lay investtiture
the political system that provided protection for the ppl during the eaatly part of the middle ages
fuedal system
a body of land nearly surrouned by water
peninsula
the frank leader during the early middle ages who united most of europe fpr tje 1st time since the fall of rome
charlemain
a church caurt that searched for suspected heretics ad put them on ttriak was known as the
inquisition
describe the role of the castle by the end of the period knwon as the middle ages
they were not affective as means of protection
What do the castles play now
new technology
approximently how much of europe's population died as a result of the black death
1/3-1/2
approximently how long did the iddle ages last
1000 years (500-1500)
identify the stages one must go through in order to become a maser craftsman
apprentise
journey men
create a master piece