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10 Cards in this Set

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Industrial Revolution
an economy based on manual labor was replaced by one dominated by industry and the manufacture of machinery, which in turn put many children and women into the workforce.
Rise of Capitalism
Started up in western europe between two groups called the bourgeoise and the proletariat. marx describes the proletariats as the labor power and the bourgeoise as the authoritarian.
Birth of the nation-state
nationalist movements arose to present its legitimate demand for sovereignty, and the nation-state met that demand. If successfully implemented, this implies that the citizens share a common language, culture, and values
Modern division of labor
alienation; workers become more and more specialized and work repetitious which eventually leads to complete alienation. "the worker is depressed spiritually and physically to the condition of a machine". the fullness of production is essential to human liberation and accepted the idea of a strict division of labour only as a temporary necessary evil.
European revolutions of 1848
In politics, both bourgeois reformers and radical politicians were seeking change in their nations' governments. In society, technological change was creating new ways of life for the working classes, a popular press extended political awareness, and new values and ideas such as liberalism, nationalism and socialism began to spring up. The spark that lit the fire was a series of economic downturns and crop failures that left the peasants and the poor working classes starving.
Georg Hegel's dialectic
One interpretation of this dialectic, is that neither a slave nor a master can be considered as fully self-conscious. A person who has already achieved self-consciousness could be enslaved, so self-consciousness must be considered not as an individual achievement, or an achievement of natural and genetic evolution, but as a social phenomenon.
aspects of communist society
ideology that seeks to establish a future classless, stateless social organization, based upon common ownership of the means of production.
webers influence of parents
father was a prominent politician and civil servant. engagement with public life immersed the family home in politics, as his salon received many prominent scholars and public figures.
affective action
Affective action is anchored in the emotional state of the actor rather than in the rational weighing of means and ends, as in the case of participants in the religious services of a fundamentalist sect.
traditional action
traditional action is guided by customary habits of thought, by reliance on "the eternal yesterday;" the behavior of members of an Orthodox Jewish congregation might serve as an example of such action.