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72 Cards in this Set

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A type of marriage in which all of the women and men in a group are simultaneously married to one another. (p. 3)
cenogamy (group marriage)
When individuals may marry as many times as they like as long as each prior marriage was ended by death or divorce. (p.3)
serial monogamy
A broad category that generally refers to one person of one sex
married to several people of the other sex. (p.3)
polygamy
A recurrent patterned ways that people relate to one another. (p.5)
social structure
The cultural guidelines or rules of conduct that direct people to behave in a particular way. (p. 6)
norms
A position in a group or society. (p. 7)
status
The process through which people learn those elements of culture that are essential for effective participation in social life. (p. 7)
socialization
A false, fictitious, imaginary, or exaggerated belief about someone
or something (p. 14)
myth
When kinship or family lineage and inheritance come through the father and his blood relatives (p. 21)
patrilineal
When kinship or family lineage and inheritance come through the mother and her bloods relatives. (p. 21.)
matrilineal
Patterns of ideas, beliefs, values, and behavior that are built around the basic needs of individuals and society and that tend to persist over
time. (p. 2)
institution
A union between people that unites partners sexually, socially, and
economically. (p. 3)
marriage
One person married to a person of the other sex. (p. 3)
monogamy
When one male has two or more wives. (p.3-4)
polygyny
When one female has two or more husbands . (p.4)
polyandry
Any relatively stable group of people who are related to one another through blood, marriage, or adoption, or who simply live together, and
who provide one another with economic and emotional support. (p. 5)
family
The family that is created when people marry, or have an intimate relation with someone, or have children. (p.5)
family of orientation
The family into which one is born and raised. (p.5)
family of procreation
A family consisting of a mother, father, and siblings. (p. 3)
nuclear family
A family consisting of one or both of our parents, our siblings, if
any, and other relatives, including grandparents. (p.5)
extended (multigenerational) family
When a variety of relatives live, not necessarily in the same household, but in very close proximity to one another. (p. 5)
modified extended family
A family in which the male is the head of the family and exercises authority and decision-making power over his wife and children. (p. 5)
patriarchal family
A set of behaviors associated with particular status. (p.7)
role
When people are related by blood, marriage, or adoption, or who
consider one another family. (p. 16)
kinship
Persons who occupy a housing unit, such as a house, apartment,
single room, or other space intended to be living quarters. (p. 27)
households
The ability to distinguish between what Mills called "personal
troubles of milieu" and the "public issues of social structure." (p. 28)
sociological imagination
The systematic discrimination against a racial group by the
institutions within a society. (p. 16)
institutional racism
Marriage and family are among the oldest human
social institutions
______________ is the legally recognized marriage structure in the United States.
Monogamy
_____________ is a form of polygamy where one male has two or more wives.
Polygyny
_______________ is a form of polygamy where one female has two or more husbands.
Polyandry
Regulation of sexual behavior, reproduction, social placement and socialization are all functions of ...
the family
The lifetime of social interaction by which people learn those elements of culture that are essential for effective participation in social life is called the ...
socialization process.
Social scientist Christopher Larch (1977, 1978) contends that the encroachment of outside institutions, especially the state, has ...
left modern families with too few functions to perform.
The myth of the _____________ assumes that families were held together by hard work, family loyalty, and a fierce determination not to be beholden to anyone, especially the state.
self-reliant traditional family
The myth of the _______________ assumes that families in the past were held together by hard work, family loyalty, and a fierce determination not to be beholden to anyone, especially the state.
self-reliant family
The systematic discrimination against a racial group by institutions within society is called?
institutional racism.
The colonial family was
matrilineal or patriarchy?
a patriarchy
According to sociologist Jessie Bernard (1984), a specialized male role known as the ________________ role emerged around 1830.
good provider role
Within the Mexican American family, a ritual kinship of _______________, linked two families together.
compadrazgo
The model for heterosexual relationships based on mutual affection, sexual fulfillment, and sharing of domestic tasks and child rearing, is called the?
companionate family.
Sociologist C. Wright Mills (1959), believed that developing a(an) _____________ would counter the sense of frustration and powerlessness that ordinary people often feel.
sociological imagination
T or F

The family exists in some form in all societies.
True
T or F

In cenogamy, individuals may marry as many times as they like as long as each prior marriage was ended by death or divorce.
False
T or F

Despite the illegality of polygamy, it thrives in Utah
True
T or F

A patriarchal family is one in which the female, or wife is the head of the family and exercises authority and decision-making power over her husband and children.
False
T or F

Race, class, and gender are three of the most important social categories of experience for individuals and families in the United States.
True
T or F

In most societies sexual behavior is regulated within the family.
True
T or F

The naturalness of different spheres for wives and husbands emerged in the twentieth century.
False
T or F

Colonial families lived in extended families.
False
T or F

For colonial children, childhood was quite short.
True
T or F

According to Gutman (1976), strong kinship feelings among slaves are evident from the naming practices of slave families.
True
T or F

Rules of descent among the Cheyenne were matrilineal.
False
T or F

Women and children in the working class contributed to the material support of the family.
True
T or F

World War II brought about numerous changes, primary among them was the dramatic decrease in the marriage rate.
False
T or F

According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, households are defined as all persons who occupy a house, apartment, single room, or other space intended to be living quarters.
True
T or F

One of the benefits of the sociological perspective is that it allows us to take a new and critical look at what we have always taken for granted or assumed to be true.
True
Marriage and family are among the oldest human
*********************
statuses.

social institutions.

roles.

social structure
social institutions.
______________ is the legally recognized marriage structure in the United States.

Monogamy

Cenogamy

Polygyny

Polyandry
Monogamy
_____________ is a form of polygamy where one male has two or more wives.

Polygyny

Polyandry

Monogamy

Cenogamy
Polygyny
_______________ is a form of polygamy where one female has two or more husbands.

Monogamy

Polygyny

Polyandry

Cenogamy
Polyandry
Regulation of sexual behavior, reproduction, social placement and socialization are all functions of

education.

the family.

religious institutions.

government.
the family.
The lifetime of social interaction by which people learn those elements of culture that are essential for effective participation in social life is called the

socialization process.

social structure.

sociological imagination.

assignment of social status.
socialization process.
Social scientist Christopher Larch (1977, 1978) contends that the encroachment of outside institutions, especially the state, has

left modern families with too few functions to perform.

saved the family from a state of crisis and moral decay.

forced the family to take on the additional functions of affection and companionship.

left modern families with too many functions to perform.
left modern families with too few functions to perform.
The myth of the _____________ assumes that families were held together by hard work, family loyalty, and a fierce determination not to be beholden to anyone, especially the state.

nuclear family

self-reliant traditional family

unstable African American family

idealized nuclear family of the 1950
self-reliant traditional family
The myth of the _______________ assumes that families in the past were held together by hard work, family loyalty, and a fierce determination not to be beholden to anyone, especially the state.

unstable African American family

self-reliant family

idealized nuclear family of the 1950s

nuclear family
self-reliant family
The systematic discrimination against a racial group by institutions within society is called

institutional racism.

cenogamy.

polygyny.

social structure.
institutional racism.
The colonial family was

a patriarchy.

patrilineal.

a matriarchy.

matrilineal.
a patriarchy
According to sociologist Jessie Bernard (1984), a specialized male role known as the ________________ role emerged around 1830.

good provider role

cult of domesticity

machismo

companionate family
good provider role
Within the Mexican American family, a ritual kinship of _______________, linked two families together.

machismo

padrinos

compadrazgo

madrinas
compadrazgo
The model for heterosexual relationships based on mutual affection, sexual fulfillment, and sharing of domestic tasks and child rearing, is called the

nuclear family.

companionate family.

family of orientation.

family of procreation.
companionate family.
Sociologist C. Wright Mills (1959), believed that developing a(an) _____________ would counter the sense of frustration and powerlessness that ordinary people often feel.

social structure

sociological imagination

assignment of social status

institutional racism
sociological imagination