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59 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The total fertility rate is not uniform across all race and ethnic groups, with ____________ having the highest total fertility rates.

African Americans
Latinas
Asian and Pacific Islanders
whites
Latinas
In the United States we celebrate parenthood by having special days to honor mothers and fathers and federal and state governmental bodies show their support for childbearing with special tax deductions. This is an example of

antinatalist forces.
a pronatalist attitude.
the motherhood mystique.
couvade.
a pronatalist attitude
China's one-child policy is an example of

pronatalist attitude.
antinatalist forces.
couvade.
the motherhood mystique
antinatalist forces.
In 1973, in_____________ , the Supreme Court struck down all antiabortion laws as violations of a woman's right to privacy.

Griswold v. Connecticut
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
Roe v. Wade
Roe v. Wade
______________ involves the injection of semen into the vagina or uterus of an ovulating woman.

Artificial insemination
Surrogacy
Couvade
In vitro fertilization
Artificial insemination
Among the reproduction technologies, _____________ is the most controversial.

embryopathy
artificial insemination
sonogram
surrogacy
surrogacy
_____________ allows a physician and the couple to observe the developing fetus directly by viewing electronically the echoes of sound waves pulsating through the pregnant woman's body.

Ultrasound
Sonogram
In vitro fertilization
Amniocentesis
Ultrasound
Heavy alcohol use during pregnancy, either alone or in conjunction with smoking, can lead to

embryopathy.
couvade.
fetal alcohol syndrome.
a zygote.
fetal alcohol syndrome
The majority of drugs, whether street drugs, common drugs like caffeine and aspirin, or prescription and over-the-counter medications contain chemicals that have been found to have some effect on

the fetus.
embryopathy.
couvade.
postnatal depression
the fetus
When HIV/AIDS-infected babies are born, they generally have prominent physical features that are linked directly to HIV. This physical appearance is referred to as

zygote.
embryopathy.
couvade.
coverture.
embryopathy.
When expectant fathers develop symptoms similar to those of the pregnant woman it is formally referred to as

the motherhood mystique.
coverture.
couvade.
postnatal depression.
couvade.
"Postpartum blues" is another name for ______________ which is a condition characterized by mood shifts, irritability, and fatigue.

postnatal depression
couvade
embryopathy
the motherhood mystique
postnatal depression
One of the characteristics of ______________ is that the ultimate achievement and fulfillment of womanhood is through motherhood.

the motherhood mystique
the good provider role
couvade
the cult of domesticity
the motherhood mystique
According to Michael Lamb (1987) ___________ fathering involves being nearby the child but not directly engaged in child care.

permissive
engagement
accessibility
responsibility
accessibility
The _____________ style of parenting demands absolute obedience from children and often involves the use of physical punishment to control behavior.

permissive
engagement
authoritative
authoritarian
authoritarian
T or F

Lower-income parents generally see larger families as more beneficial than costly.
T
T or F

The U.S. birthrate has be rising over the last two centuries.
F
T or F

Children are consumers and takers.
F
T or F

A pronatalist attitude discourages people from having children.
F
T or F

In Griswold v. Connecticut, the Supreme Court invalidated laws prohibiting the use of contraceptives by married couples.
T
T or F

Although still legal, abortion has become increasingly less accessible.
T
T or F

There has been little criticism surrounding embryo transplants.
F
T or F

Multiple conception, in which two or more children are conceived at one time, is quite common.
F
T or F

Heavy alcohol use during pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome.
T
T or F

A recent study of postnatal depression in fathers has found that about one in ten fathers gets serious postnatal depression.
T
T or F

Traditionally, U.S. culture has made no particular distinction between motherhood and fatherhood.
F
T or F

The permissive style of parenting involves giving children autonomy and freedom to express themselves and downplays conformity.
T
T or F

Contrary to popular myth, African Americans value family life and parenthood
T
T or F

Family behaviors among Native Americans are quite similar.
F
T or F

Parenting styles among Asian Americans vary according to the degree that parents are acculturated into U.S. society.
T
The number of births per thousand women in their childbearing years. (p. 287)
fertility rate
Society's interest in encouraging childbearing. (p. 290)
pronatalist attitude
The premature termination of pregnancy before the fetus can survive on its own. (p. 293)
abortion
One of the oldest and most successful of the reproductive technologies. (p. 297)
artificial insemination
A procedure whereby a fertilized egg from a woman donor is implanted into an infertile woman. (p. 298)
embryo transplant
A procedure performed when there is some concern about a hereditary disease. (p. 302)
amniocentesis
includes all treatments or procedures involving the handling of human eggs and sperm to establish pregnancy. (p. 297)
Assisted reproductive technology
All defects present a birth. (p. 303)
congenital
The incidence of fetal illness due to age, race, and social class. (p. 303)
morbidity
Abnormal features of the face and head, heart defects, growth retardation, and abnormalities of the central nervous system caused by excessive alcohol use during pregnancy. (p.304)
fetal alcohol syndrome
A condition found in postpartum mothers that is characterized by mood shifts, irritability, and fatigue. (p. 307)
postnatal depression
The actual live births in a population. (p. 287)
fertility
The average number of children women would have over their lifetime if current birthrates were to remain constant. (p. 287)
total fertility rate
The rate at which babies die before their first birthday. (p.303)
infant mortality rate
Society employing its institutional forces to discourage childbearing. (p. 291)
antinatalist forces
Mechanisms for preventing fertilization. (p.292)
contraception
The inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse or the inability to carry a pregnancy to live birth. (p. 296)
infertility
The surgical removal of a woman's eggs, fertilizing them in a petri dish with the partner's donor sperm, and then implanting one or more of the fertilized eggs in the woman's uterus. (p. 273)
in vitro fertilization
A woman agreeing to be artificially inseminated with a man's sperm, carrying the fetus to term, and then relinquishing all rights to the child after it is born. (p. 298)
surrogacy
The process by which a male sperm cell penetrates the female ovum, creating a fertilized egg. (p. 292)
conception
procedure which allows physicians to identify chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome or genetic disimplantation. (p. 299)
preimplantation genetic diagnosis
A fertilized egg. (p. 300)
zygote
The process of releasing a mature egg. (p. 300)
ovulation
A method by which a physician and the couple can observe the developing fetus. (p. 302)
ultrasound
Allows parents to see the fetus and any movements it makes. (p. 303)
sonogram
Death of a fetus.
mortality
The prominent physical features that are linked directly to HIV. (p. 306)
embropathy
When the expectant father develops symptoms similar to those of the pregnant woman. (p. 306)
couvade
The traditional ideas about motherhood. (p. 308)
motherhood mystique