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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The single most important reason that people give for getting married is

financial security.
fear of contracting AIDS.
that they are in love.
loneliness.
that they are in love.
A feminist perspective challenges theories such as _______________, maintaining that they place far more importance on the role of social father than mother in giving children social and legal status.

personal marriage agreements
coverture
polygamy
the principle of legitimacy
the principle of legitimacy
The contractual relationship between two people that is defined and regulated by the state is referred to as

social marriage.
legal marriage.
a domestic partnership.
a sacrament.
legal marriage.
Currently, __________ is the only state where lesbian and gay couples can legally marry.

Illinois
Massachusetts
California
Wisconsin
Massachusetts
_____________ prohibits marriage or sexual relations between a variety of relatives ranging from parents and siblings to non-blood-related in-laws.

Bigamy
Homogamy
The incest taboo
A prenuptial agreement
The incest taboo
In ____________, practiced in only a few states, wives and husbands own all assets jointly and equally whether or not the wife earns an income.

the sexual double standard
the community property system
a personal marriage agreement
the marriage gradient
the community property system
It is estimated that somewhere between 5 and 15 percent of altar-bound Americans enter into

prenuptial agreements.
personal marriage agreements.
coverture.
domestic partnerships.
prenuptial agreements.
In her now-classic book The Future of Marriage (1972), sociologist Jessie Bernard detailed the different experiential realities of wives and husbands. She found that

married men experience more health problems than married women.
men prefer to be single than married.
men tend to complain more about their marriages then wives do.
women were much less happy in their marriages than their husbands.
women were much less happy in their marriages than their husbands.
The ______________ marriage involves very little conflict.

vital
total
devitalized
passive-congenial
devitalized
The conflict-habituated marriage is characterized by

very little conflict.
low emotional investment and low expectations.
constant togetherness and sharing.
extensive tension and conflict.
extensive tension and conflict.
_____________ couples are highly involved in each other, but they do not lose their sense of identity.

Vital
Conflict-habituated
Passive-congenial
Devitalized
Vital
John Gottman argues that most marriages and similar relationships fall into one of three categories. In one of these categories,_____________ , conflict is intense but so is passion.

volatile partnerships
validating partnerships
passive-congenial
total
volatile partnerships
In the _______________, affection and compromise dominate.

total marriage
validating partnerships
passive-congenial
volatile partnership
validating partnerships
Contempt involves

the couple essentially ceasing any communication.
attacking one's partner's personality or character rather than complaining about specific behavior.
a response to being attacked or put down.
intense and intentional negative thoughts about a person that can be manifested in a number of ways.
intense and intentional negative thoughts about a person that can be manifested in a number of ways.
According to Gottman, ______________ is generally a response to being attacked or put down.

defensiveness
contempt
criticism
stonewalling
defensiveness
T or F

Most people in the United States marry at least once in their lifetime.
T
T or F
In addition to love and commitment, social and economic reasons motivate people to marry.
T
T or F

The principle of legitimacy was first put forth by the feminist perspective.
F
T or F

The most important marriage laws are state laws.
T
T or F

Currently, no state restricts marriage between affinal relatives.
F
T or F

In the past, when a woman married, her property rights remained with her.
F
T or F

Marital rape is now a crime in all 50 states.
T
T or F

Cultural or ethnic weddings are no longer as popular as they once were.
F
T or F

The most popular version of the personal marriage agreement is the personal contract.
T
T or F

Men seem to prefer being single to marriage.
F
T or F

Marital adjustment is an ongoing process.
T
T or F

Interracial marriages are homogamous marriages.
F
T or F
Interethnic marriage among non-Latino whites is now so commonplace that most people don't pay much attention to it.
T
T or F

According to John Gottman (1994), couples who stay together are nice to each other more often than not.
T
T or F

Stonewalling means that the couple has essentially stopped communicating.
T
The notion that all children ought to have a socially and legally recognized father. (p. 246)
principle of legitimacy
What marriage is from a religious perspective. (p. 247)
sacrament
A legally binding agreement or contractual relationship between two people and is defined and regulated by the state. (p.250)
legal marriage
Marrying one person while still be legally married to another. (p. 254)
bigamy
Prohibited by law in many states, although seldom enforced. (p. 254)
adultery
The idea that a wife is under the protection and influence of her husband. (p. 255)
coverture
A written agreement between a married couple in which issues of role responsibility, obligation, and sharing are addressed. (p. 257)
personal marriage agreement
The negotiation ahead of time of a settlement of property, alimony, or other financial matters in the event of death or divorce. (p. 257)
prenuptial agreement
Marriages between people who vary in certain social and demographic characteristics. (p. 267)
heterogamous marriage
A relationship between people who cohabit and engage in behavior that is essentially the same as that within a legal marriage, but without engaging in a ceremony validated by the state. (p. 250)
social marriage
Sexual intercourse outside of marriage. (p. 254)
fornication
Rights pertaining to the marriage relationship. (p. 256)
conjugal rights
The degree to which a couple get along with each other or have a good working relationship and are able to satisfy each other's needs over the marital lifetime. (p. 266)
marital adjustment
Relatives related by marriage.
affinal relatives