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15 Cards in this Set

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What are the subdisciplines of Anthropology?
Applied Anthropology
Social Anthropology
Ethnography
ethnology
cultural anthropology
Archaeology
Palaeontology
Biological anthropology
Holism:
The principle that aspects of a culture are likely to be, to some extent, interrelated, leading to the research principle that it is useful to explore the possible interconnections within a culture.
Ethnocentrism:
The use of one's own cultural values, models, or categories to understand and judge antoher culture.
cultural Relativism:
The principle that each culture has its own moral integrity and shouldnot be judged by the standards of other cultures.
Ethnographic present:
A convenient fiction. Describing a culture as it presumably existed before some particular outside intrusion began to modernize it.
Emic vs. Etic:
Ideas, categories, and explanations of the people themselves Vs. The use of culture-neutral, "scientific" terms and categories to describe a culture.
What is culture?
A working definition learned, shared ideas about behavior.
Latah:
Hyper-starteling
syncretism:
The incorporation of traits from another culture into the pattern of a culture.
Subculture:
A convenient way to refer to various cultural patterns shared by smaller numbers of people within a broader culture.
Ethnography:
That branch of anthropology which studies particular cultures.
Rashomon effect:
The idea that one's fieldwork is affected by personal baggage like one's age, gender, ethnicity, theoretical orientations, and such , and that no ethnographer can be a totally neutral being without attributes.
Participant observation:
A research method in anthropology taking fieldwork a step further and actually goining in the life and work of the people.
Ethnology:
The anthropological coparisons of cultures.
Historical Particularism:
Am approach especially associated with Franz boas, accounting ofr cultural institutions by detailing hte unique hisotrical development without concern for the general principles involved.