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### 40 Cards in this Set

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• Back
 what we know about crime depends on what? -depends on the quality, coverage, reliablility, and validity of our measures of crime counting procedures -how to count units and elements crime rates -divide the amount of crime by the popn size and multiply by 100 000 methodology -the study or critique of methods. population -all members of a given class or set. (difficult to examine, so use a sample) administrative record -information that can be the basis of statistics Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics -division of statistics Canada, formed in 1981, that mandates what national data to collect on crime and justice seriousness rule -if there are multiple crimes committed in one incident, only the most serious crime is counted why must sample sizes be large? -b/c crime is relatively rare and undistributed police statistics -most commonly used, but are biased b/c inconsistencies in reporting and recording formal labelling process a. arrest b. charge c. conviction what issues must be addressed about records before they can be converted into statistics? a. unit of count b. levels of aggregation c. definitions d. data elements e. counting procedures data on prisoners -doesn't tell us much about crime and criminality, only tells us about the criminal justice system gross counts of crime -the total amount of crime in a given community, with no distinction between crime categories. self-report study -used to measure crime with a questionnaire asking ppl details about a crime they have committed (used to understand social characteristics of offenders) administrative records can be the basis of statistics -if clear procedures with units of count.... reliability -the consistency of results over time crime theories -are built simultaneously and are mutally dependent units of count -what it is we are counting dark figure of crime -crime that is unreported or unknown. victimization survey -a random sample of a popn questioned to recall and describe their own experience of being a victim of crime use of good statistics -for planning, policy-making, and administration since 1991 -crime rates have dropped theory -a tool used to explain levels of aggregation -how to combine data how are the "dark figure crimes" accounted for? -with the use of victimization surveys enterprise crime -organized crime or organizations and the state corrections data -most reliable and valid (b/c counting prisoners can be accurate) validity -whether what claims to be measured actually is what is being measured ideology -explanations and justifications of features of society definitions -how to define what is being counted use of UCR -to provide uniform, comparable, and national statistics UCR & Victimization surveys -generate seperate databases, based on different populations and assumptions UCR (Uniform Crime Report System) -the most commonly used measure of crime that is based on crimes reported to the police across the country. crime causation -what aspects of a community create pressures for more criminality 3 broad types of criminal justice statistics a. statistics about crime and criminals b. statistics about the criminal justice system and its response to crime c. statistics about perceptions of crime and criminal justice data elements -what specific information should be collected why are crime classifications easier in Canada than USA? -Canada operates under a common criminal code, and more police departments social map -identifying the social characteristics of victims, offenders, or inmates soc lecture 2 midterm 2