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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
self
social being who can engage in communications and interactions with others...created through the group
self awareness
ability to take oneself as an object, stems from the need to define oneself
self regulation
ability to control and direct ones actions...to become who you want to be
self concept
developed through social interactions, facts about who you are and your relationships
self esteem
feelings about who you are both positive and negative
reflected appraisal
how people see us effects how we see ourselves, percieved appraisal, internalize other's judgments
social comparison
judge ourselves based on others
-upward comparison: compare to those better off
-downward comparison: compare to those worse off
self perception
we ralize who we are by looking at our actions
-feel distressed when our actual self differs from our ideal/ought self
presentation of self
strategically present certain aspects in order to give a specific impression (likeable and competant)or to illicit a response
-ingratiation, alter appearance, self handicap, false modesty, self performance
social influence
ability to influence ones attitudes or behaviors based on words, actions or mere presence
informational vs. normative influence
-informational: act in order to gain accurate information
-normative: act in order to gain rewards or avoid social punishment
imitation
change actions because of mere presence, act like the other person
conformity
-change b/c of real or imagined social pressure
-implicit norm:unspoken but understood
-explicit norm:spoken/written
-determinants:group size, cohesiveness, social support, nature of task
compliance
-change actions due to a direct request
-foot in the door: compliance for a small task raises complaince for a larger one
-door in the face: rejection of compliance for a large task raises compliance for a small task
-determinents: mood, norm of reciprocity, explanations
obedience
-change behavior due to command, then obeyed
-determinents:authority figure, pace, escalation, responsibility
resistance theory
people get distressed when they believe their freedoms are being threatened so they do something to stop it (sabotage in Milgram)
-resisting:say no, delay response, use foresight, question
deviance
acting against the set norm or having undesireable characteristic differences from the understood norm
group norm
norm of a set group that an individual belongs to
subcultural norm
determines self identity
societal norm
norm of dominant culture/society
social construction
deviance is subject to change over time as society evolves
absolutist view
devience is inherent to some actions, deviance in black and white
anomie strain theory
-deviance is a reaction to anomie(state of normlessness/frustration)
-assumes: common goals, legit ways to acheive goals, not everyone has acess to legit means
-responses: 1. normal(accept goals and means)2. innovation(accept goals not means)3.ritualistic(reject goals not means)4.rebellion(reject both)
-limitations: class bias, everyone accepts say goals of success
differentiation theory
-deviance results from conflicting norms...exposure to deviant behavior
-assumes:exposure leads to behavior,people accept different norms
-determinants:timing/length of exposure, attachment
-limitations:some associate with deviants but arent deviant, where does deviance start
labeling theory
-society sets normative boundaries for behavior, people are deviant and then stigmatized which discredits self, therefore more deviance occurs
-limitations: where does devience start, overemphasises others
social facilitation
when others are around you will do well learned tasks better and unfamiliar tasks worse
mere exposure
with others present, dominant tasks will be done better, while difficult will be done more easily
evaluation apprehension
performance will be enhanced/inhibited only if people are around who are in a position to evaluate them
distraction conflict
when a person is present, the task-doer splits attention between the task and the person and therefore does worse on the task
social loafing
with others present, responsibility can be diffused and contributions cant be measured so people therefore slack off
deindividuation
diminished sense of self and self-regulation when in a large group
-group must be large, inhibitions lowered, heightened adherence to group norms
groupthink
faulty thinking in a group due to the pressure to agree
-openly expressive authority, cohesive group
-symptoms:overestimation of group morality, pressure on deviants, mindguards
group polarization
problem where the group makes a much more extreme decision than any individual
persuasive explanation
everyone puts in an idea that the group hadnt thought of that still relates to the group idea
social comparison
in order to be liked each person takes the idea one step farther