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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
social ranking; the position someone occupies in a social group
the behaviors, obligations, and privileges attached to a status
master status
a status that cuts across the other statuses that an individual occupies
ascribed status
positions an individual either inherits at birth or recieves involuntarily later in life
achieved status
positions that are earned, accomplished, or involve at least some effort or activity on the individual's part
the organized, usual, or standard ways by which society meets its basic needs
social integration
the degree to which people feel a part of a group
a type of society in which life in intimate; a community in which everyone knows everyone else and there is a shared sense of togetherness
a type of society that is dominated by impersonal relationships, individual accomplishments, and self interest
organic solidarity
solidarity based on the interdependence that results from the divsion of labor; people needing others to fullfill their jobs
mechanical solidarity
Durkheim's term for the unity(a shared consciousness) that people feel as a result of performing the same or similar task
role strain
conflicts that someone feels within a role
role conflict
conflicts that someone feels between roles because the expectations attached to one role are incompatible with the expectations of another role
role exit
refers to the ending of a role, including the adjustments people make when that face not being what they formerly were
social class
according to Weber, a large group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, power, and prestige; according to Marx, one of two groups; capitalists who own the means of production or workers who sell their labor
status symbols
items used to identify a status
status inconsistency
rankings high on some dimensions of social class and low on others
back stage
where people rest from performances, discuss their presentations, and plan future performances
front stage
where performances are given
impression management
people's efforts to control the impressions that others receive of them
personal front
how you appear to others
sign vehicles
the term used by Goffman to refer to how people use social setting, appearance,a and manner to communicate information about the self
social construction of reality
the use of background assumptions and life experiences to define what is real
techniques used to salvage a performance that is going sour
individuals who temporarily share the same physical space but who do not see themselves as belonging together
people who have similar characteristics
people who have something in common and who believe taht what they have in common is significant; also called a social group
primary groups
a group characterized by intimate, longterm, face to face association and cooperation
secondary groups
compared with a primary group, a larger, relatively temporary, more anonymous, formal, and impersonal group based on some interest or activity, whose members are likely to interact on the basis of specific roles
reference groups
Herbert Hyman's term for the groups we use as standards to evaluate ourselves
peer groups
a group of individuals of roughly the same age who are linked by common interest
groups towards which one feels loyalty
a cluster of people within a larger group who choose to interact with one another; an internal faction
the smallest possible group consisting of two persons
a group of three
Thomas Theorem
William I. and Dorothy S. Thomas' classic formulation of the definition of the situation: "if people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences"