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12 Cards in this Set

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Social Exchange Theory
Rewards (pleasurable outcomes) - Costs (anxeity, mental effort) = Profits of Losses
As long as rewards outwiegh the costs the group will have higher group membership
Symbolic Convergence Theory
Communication shapes group's identity & culture, which influences other dynamics
Members in a group exchange fantasies in order to from a cohesive group
Fantasies are stories or jokes
Helps develop cohesiveness
Structuration Theory
Framework of how people structure their groups by making active use of rules and resources
Rules: Structure our behavior
Group members interact according to particular rules
Problem: focuses on individual's behaviors rather than group dynamics
Functional Theory
Communication in group function to promote sound reasoning, prevent errors and build productive relationships
Helps conceptualize connections among behaviors and outcomes
Aids in decision making & conflict managment
Indetifies behaviors that help attain goal
Systems Theory
System is a set of relationships among interdependent, interacting components and forces
Small part of a huge system can generate a ripple effect
Ripple effect can be negative or positive
Synergy
Syn = together + ergon = work
Occurs when group performance from joint effort exeeds expectations based on perceived abilities and skills of individual members.
Open Systems properties
Open to environment
Group does not operate in isolation
Continually affected by interactions with its environment
System Variables: Input
components from which small group uses to work (members, info, tools experience)
System Variables: Throughput
how a group transforms inputs to reach goals
Systems Variables: Output
results, tangible work accomplished, solutions, product, personal growth
Systems Variables: Output
results, tangible work accomplished, solutions, product, personal growth
Systems Variables Class Example
Cookies. the bowl introduced can be many different things, but when other ingredients are introduced, they come together to make a final product (cookies)