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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
describe the components of the pelvic diaphragm in dogs
external anal sphincter
coccygeal muscle
levator ani muscle
list the organs that can be present in a perineal hernia.
1.bladder
2.intestines
3.prostate
explain why the use of the internal obturator muscle is recommended for repair of perineal hernia
30% recurrence without internal obturator
10% recurrence with internal obturator
use of sacrotuberal ligament could likely result in sciatic nerve damage
list the most common complications after perineal hernia repair
abscess
seroma(80% of the time go away in 2-3weeks)
fecal incontinence
-pudendal nerve
-caudal rectal nerve
urinary disorders
sciatic nerve damage
recurrence
what are the principles of retropulsion of stones lodged in the urethra?
retrograde hydropulsion
-general anesthesia
-biggest urinary catheter possible
-saline plus lubricant
-advance catheter against stone
-bolus of fluid + lube and push with catheter
-rectal compression
list the indications for surgical treatment of urolithiasis
surgery if not progressing
complete ureteral or uretheral obstruction
refractory to medical treatment
-silica, calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate
renal dysfunction
anatomical defect
owner compliance
describe the diagnostic technique for urinary stones
radiographs
-magnesium ammonium phosphate
-calcium oxalate
-silicate
ultrasound
-ammonium urate
-cystine
urine analysis
-bacteria
-WBC
-crystals
list the common complications after surgery for urolithiasis
1.obstruction
2.uroabdomen
-rare:kidney and bladder
-frequent:ureter
3.acute renal failure
-hypotension
-nephrotomy-decreases function by 20-30%
neoplasia of the pinna
squamous cell carcinoma
basal cell carcinoma
mast cell tumor
chondroma or chondrosarcoma
fibrosarcoma
neoplasia of the external ear
sebaceous gland adenoma or adenoncarcinoma
chondroma or chondrosarcoma
ceruminous gland adenocarcinoma