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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ophthalmology
study of the eye and its diseases
Epiphora
excessive tearing
Blepharospasm
tightly closed eyelids as a result of pain
Blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelids
Anisocoria
unequal pupil size
Phthisis bulbi
a smaller than normal globe
Buphthalmos
bigger than normal globe
Exophthalmos
normal sized globe that is more prominent than usual, or is protruding from orbit
Enophthalmos
sunken globe. Globe is normal sized
Strabismus
deviation of the visual axis of the globe
Chemosis
swelling/edema of the conjunctiva
Keratitis
inflammation/diz of the cornea
Retrobulbar
behind the eye
Miosis
constricted pupil
Mydriasis
dilated pupil
Limbus
junction of clear cornea and white sclera
Trusopt and Azopt
decrease aqueous humor production-used for tx of glaucoma
Atropine
sympathomimetic-dilates eye
Timolol
decrease production of aqueous humor
Lantaprost & Travaprost
for glaucoma tx
Proparacaine
used to numb cornea
Cyclosporine
Immunosuppressant used to treat KCS(dry eye) or immune mediated keratitis diseases
Flurbiprofen
a NSAID used for pain and inflammation
Serum
inhibits enzymes in bacteria that digest the cornea
Schirmer Tear Test
measurement of the aqueous portion of tear production
Fluorescein Dye
a corneal stain that demonstrates the presence of corneal ulcers
Rose Bengal Dye
a corneal stain that indicates keratitis, some ulcers, and can demonstrate a lack of the oil portion of tear production
Tonometry
measuring the intraocular pressure/turgor of the eye. A high pressure indicates glaucoma