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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What effects does aging have on skin
decreased suba q fat.
decreased extracellular water
decreased blood supply
decreased hair oil
decresdperipheral nerve supply, nails
What is the outermost layer of the skin, protection, temp, appearnce, seensation functions?
epidermis
What skin layer regulaties temp by capillary dilationand constrictiona dn transmits mesages via nerve endings.?
dermis
What sweat glands are responsible for secretion?
eecrine
What sweat glands are responsible for milky stinky secretions?
apocrine
What glands protect and moistuer the skin?
sebaceuous oil
What is infalmmation of hte hair follicle
foliculitis
What drug makes a person photosensitive?
amoxicillin
Heart or lung disease, cold enviornment assessed in nails, lips, mouth, and skin would best be described as this color?
blusih, cyanosis
Anemia, hemorrage, shock assessed inteh face, conjunctiva, nail beds, and palms as this color?
pallor
Liver disease, hemolysis, transfusions, burns, seere infaections, assessed inteh sclera, mucous membranes, and skin are best seen as this color?
yellow-orange jaundice due to incresed bilirubin of greater than 2-3 mg/100 ml
Fever trauma, blushing, alcohol, carbon monoxide, venous stasis, is beste seen in face, trauma, sacrum,s houlders as this color?
redness, erythema
Suntan, pregnancy seen in face, arms, neipples and areola is best described as ?
tan brown, increased melanin
Also addisons' disease
Loss of pigmentation?
vitiligo
Lesions caused by disease
primary
Lesions caused by manipulation?
secondary lesions
primary, flat, nonpalpable, discoloration
macule
freckles, petechaie, measeles, and flat moles
macules
primary solid elevation
papule
wart, elevated moles, and seborrhea, acne
papules
fluid filled primary lesion
vesicle
herpes, contact dermitiis, second degree burns cuase this primary lesion
vesicle
vesicle like primary lesion with purulent content
pustule
impetigo, acne, and folliculitis cause this primary lesion
pustule
flat, nonpalpable large discolration primary lesion
patch
vitiligo is this type of primary lesion
patch
raised lesion that can result from palpules and is large and primary
plaque
Psoriasis is this type of large primary lesion
plaque
fluid filled large primary lesion
bullae
burns, blisters, flesh eating bacteria make this large primary lesion
bullae
Mongolian spot is this type of primary lesion
macule: larger than 1 cm
circumscribed area of skin edema
wheal
hives are this type of primary lesion
wheal
flat red purple discoloratio cuased by rbcs lodged in skin
purpura
large lookng petechia primary lesion
purpura
riased encapsulated fluid filled lesion
cyst
what is the differnece between a macule and patch?
macule is circumscirbed and small, while pathces are irregular bordered and large
What is hte difference between a papule and plaque/
a papule is is smaller
Extensive plaques covered with a characteristic silvery scale?
psoriasis
Treatment of psoriasis?
vit d ointments, topical steroids, retinoids, uv light
Rought sandpaper textured premaligntant plaques and palpules on sun exposed areas cuased by UF light
actinic keratosis
Disease related to elevated fluid filled round or oval palpable mases with thin translulecent walls and circumscribe eborders. Vesicles are less than .5 cm while bullae are greater than .5 cm.
varicella, chicken pox
Elevated often reddish area with irregular border caused by diiffuse fluid in tissues from insecr bites or hives?
wheal
Elevated pus filled vescile or bulla with circumscribe border caused by acne, impetigo, carbunglces
pustule
Secondary lesion with linear cleaveage of skin which extends into hte dermis
fissure
Secondary lesions of athletes footh and mouth cracks
fissure
Secondary lesion of excess dead epidermal cells produced by abnormal keratinizationa nd shedding,
scale
secondary lesions from scarlet fever, dandruff and drug reactions
scales
secondary lesion of permanent fibrotic chances on skin following damage to dermis
scar
Elevated irregular darkened are of excess scar tissue cuased by aexcessive collageen formation durign healing
keloid
Loss of epidermis and dermis in a secondary lesion with crater like irregular shape
ulcer
Depression fo skin resuting from thinning of hte epidermis or dermis
atrphy
Aged skin astraie, and hronic systemic steroids can cause this secondary lesion
atrophy
Traumatized or abraded skin caused by scratching or rubbing
excoriation
scabes, sabrasions or scratches are
excorations
Thickening of the epidermis seen with exaggeration of normal skin lines due to chronic rubbiing or scratching
lichenification
dr blood, serum or puss left oon skin wihen vesicles or pustules burs
crust or scab
large crusts that adhere to skin
scabs
exczema impetigo, herpes, cuase this type of secondary lesion
crust and scabs
nonblanchable nonpalpable generally small lesions cuased by capillaries bleeding in the skin
petechiae
Nonblanchable largeer , bleeding in teh skin
purpura
nonblanchable bruise bleeding in skin
ecchymosis
Febrile illnesses and pleatelet deficinces are seen with this
petechaie
acute leukemia somtimes presents as this large hemorrage into skin
ecchymosis
round presentation such as tinea cororis, ringworn
annular
lesion pattern such as herpes
clustered
many small red paplules that are widley diffuselyed distributed often seen with drug rashes lesion pattern
scarlatiniform
lesion pattern of lesions that run together
confluent
Acute viral infeciton of nerve structers cuased by activation fo varicella zoster virus often in immunocompromised patients causes localized unliaterlal linear vasicular skin lesion
herpes zoster : shinges
chronic immune skin disodre raised reddened round circumscribed plaques with sliler y whilte scales
psoriasis
ABCDE rule
Asymmetry, Border irregularity, Color variation, Dameter greater than 6mm, and Elevation
small red nodular lesions that begein as reddened macule or plaque with indistinct margins coudl be
squamous cell
cancer arriseing from cells producing melanin spreads thru lympon and vascular systems and metastasizes to lymph nodes, skin liver lungs, cns brain heart and is deadly
melanoma
risk factors for melanoma
uv radiation, skin sensitiviyt, eneti hormonal ,sun exposutre
atypical moles larger than 5 mm is
dyspestic neus syndrome
.5 to 1 cm flat varigated pigmentaiotn with irregular bordres and indistinct margins that cuase ulcerations or change in mole growth cancer
melanoma
most common lesast deadly middle age cancer with crusted lesions flat or raised lesions, rolled scaly border, blood vessle sdilate andrarely mestastizeses
basal cell carcinoma
malignant neoplasim of keratin forming epidermal cells on osun exposed skin
squamous cell carcinoma
aggressive neoplasims with .5 to 1 cm lesions that are ulcerated or crusted caused by pipe, caigar, cigarrett lesion sommouth
squamous cell carcinoma
common yellow brown raised lesions with stuck on appearnce aand multiple symmetrixal dstrucitosn on older person
seborrheic kerotosis