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67 Cards in this Set

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secretion that coats the skin and creates an oily barrier that holds in water
sebum
the dissipation of heat from the skin occurs through
vasodilation
sweating helps cool the body through
evaporation
ultraviolet rays in sunlight activate a substance in the skin that is eventually converted into
vitamin d
heat is retained through
vasoconstriction
used to diagnose viral skin infections
tzanck's smear
used to diagnose fungal infections by studying a skin specimen
koh examination
an examination in which the patient's skin is inspected under a black light in a darkened room
wood's light
used to identify allergens in which common irritants are applied to the skin
patch testing
a specimen no deeper than the dermis is obtained with a scalpel
shave biopsy
type of biopsy in which a circular tool cuts around the lesion, which is then lifted and severed
punch biopsy
candidiasis infections, red lesions with white plaques, are found on the
vagina
lesions with scaly patches and raised borders along with pruritis are associated with
tinea infections
3 common sites for candidiasis include the mouth, skin, and
vagina
moist red lesions associated with candida albicans are seen on the
mucous membranes
yeast infection caused by c. albicans is known as
candidiasis
oral candidiasis is treated with
nystatin
in addition to the mouth and vagina, an area that is susceptible to candidiasis, owing to the constant moisture found there is
ostomy site
mild cases of acne respond well to antibiotics and
tretinoin (retin-a)
serious adverse effect of isotretinoin (accutane) is
fetal deformities
drug that may be prescribed to counteract the effects of androgenic hormones in acne patients is
estrogen
comedone (whiteheads and blackheads), pustules, and cysts are characteristics of
acne
2 oral antibiotics frequently given for acne are tetracycline and
erythromycin
if acne is severe and unresponsive to antibiotics,______ may be prescribed
isotretinoin (accutane)
condition in which androgenic hormones cause increased sebum production and bacteria proliferate, causing hair follicles to block and become inflamed, is
acne
the elderly are esp. susceptible to complications from herpes zoster, which include _______
involvement
opthalmic
the first symptoms of herpes zoster are heightened sensitivity along a nerve pathway, pain, and
itching
cold sores or fever blisters are oral lesions caused by
hsv type 1
sites most often infected by the herpes simplex virus (hsv) are the nose, lips, cheeks, ears, and
genitalia
wet dressings soaked in ________
may be used to treat lesions associated with herpes zoster,
burrow's solution
diagnostic tests used to identify herpes infections include
tzanck's smear
when the mucous membranes are affected with the varicella zoster virus, ______ develop
ulcers
herples simplex infections are treated with
acyclovir (zovirax)
herpes simplex is commonly called
shingles
when the skin is infected with the varicella-zoster virus _____
form
crusts
_______ patients are esp. susceptible to herpes infections and must be protected from infected people
immunosuppresed
squamous cell carcinomas, unlike basal cell carcinomas, grow rapidly and
metastasize
chronic autoimmune condition in which bullae (blisters) develop on the face, back, chest, groin, and umbilicus is
pemphigus
condition with painless, nodular lesions that have a pearly appearance is
basal cell carinoma
drug of choice for actinic keratosis is
5-fu
_____ arises from the pigment producing cells in the skin
melanoma
scaly ulcers or raised lesions are characteristics of
squamous cell carcinoma
although basal cell carcinomas grow slowly and rarely metastasize, they should be removed because they can cause local
tissue destruction
malignancy of the blood vessels with red, blue, or purple macules is
kaposis sarcoma
precancerous lesion most often found on areas exposed to sunlight, such as the face, neck, forearms, and backs of the hands, is
actinic keratosis
squamous cell carcinomas caused by overuse of alcohol and
tobacco
moh's surgery is used to determine margins of malignancy for
melanoma
superficial partial-thickness burn
- pink to red and painful,like a sunburn

- blistered, weepy, pale to red or pink

- severe sunburn
deep partial-thickness burn
- large, thick walled blisters or edema

- burned tissue is painful

- sensitive to cold air

- weeping cherry red exposed dermis
full thickness burn
- dry, leathery, and sometimes red, white, brown, or black

- lacking sensation

- involves the epidermis, dermis, and underlying tissues: fat, muscle, and bone
superficial burn
- only the epidermis affected
macule
freckle, petechia, hypopigmentation
papule
mole, wart
vesicle
herpes simplex, herpes zoster
pustule
acne, impetigo
patch
vitiligo
plaque
psoriasis
nodule
fibroma, xanthone
wheal
allergic response, insect bite
antiviral agents (acyclovir)
interfere with viral replication
photosensitivity drugs (methoxsalen)
decrease proliferation of epidermal cells in psoriasis
topical antiinflammatories (hydrocortisone)
reduce inflammation in various skin disorders
keratolytics (coaltar)
dissolve keratin and slow bacterial growth; used to treat acne and psoriasis
topical antifungal agents (lystantin)
effective against fungi; used to treat fungal infections
antipsoriatics (anthralin)
used to treat psoriasis
topical antiinfectives (bacitracin)
destroy microoraganisms; used to treat skin infections
vitamin a derivatives (tretinoin [retin-a]
reduce formation of comedones; increase mitosis of epithelial cells; used to treat acne