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15 Cards in this Set

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What is the difference between a ligament and a tendon?
Ligament-connective tissue that connects bone to bone
Tendon-connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Diaphysis
The shaft of the bone
How many bones in the human skeleton?
206 bones
What's the difference between osteoblasts and osteoclasts?
Osteoblasts-bones form from these spindle-shaped cells
Osteoclasts-their function is to reabsorb bone
Periosteum
The fibrovascular membrane that covers a bone
Sternum
The breastbone
The formation of bone is called ______________?
Ossification
What is hematopoiesis and where does it take place?
The manufacture of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. It takes place in red bone marrow
The patella is the largest example of what kind of bone?
The Sesamoid bones
What are the names of C1 and C2 of the spine called?
C1-Atlas
C2-Axis
True ribs are ribs 1-7, what are ribs 8-12 called?
False ribs
The bones of the wrists are called carpals. What are the bones of the ankle called?
Tarsals
What name is shared by the fingers and the toes?
Phalanges (plural) and phalanx (singular)
Name an example of a flat bone.
Sternum, ribs, scapula, frontal, pelvis
Besides length, what is the difference between a long bone and a short bone?
The short bone does not have a long axis and are somewhat irregular shape. Example: Tarsals and carpals