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60 Cards in this Set

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the study of the biological and cultural aspects of all humans in all places at all times
Anthropology
the study of the human past through the exploration, discovery, excavation, dating, and methodological analysis of material remains left by past humans: it includes prehistoric cultures and their development as well as historically documented cultures
Archaeology
seeks to understand the physical human being through the study of genetics, inherited traits and variations thereof, evolution, adaptation, etc.
Biological Anthropology
Seeks to understand the process of human communications, verbal and non-verbal; it identifies the many subtle elements of the world's languages and documents their structure, function and history
Linguistic Anthropology
Investigation, often through long term, intensive field studies, of the culture of a particular people: language, economic patterns, kinships, political organizations, etc.
Cultural Anthropology
Fields of study in medicine and jurisprudence dealing with legal issues, both criminal and civil. Subfields include toxicology, entomology, pathology and anthropology
Forensic Sciences
interdisciplinary field that intersects biological anthropology and forensic sciences, it is the study of skeletal material that comes under jurisdiction of law enforcement and similar agencies
Forensic Anthropology
determination of age, sex, ancestry and stature, one of the main objectives of forensic anthropologists
Biological Profile
physicians who are forensic pathologists, trained doctors. Licensed physicians, specialized in forensic work, determined death, cause, time, and manner of death. Issue death certificate. Florida is only state to only have only this.
Medical Examiner
elected officials who may be lay persons, don't necessarily have medical degree
Coroner
Another word for medical examiner, must go to med school (4 yrs), postgrad in pathology (4 yrs), additional training in Forensic Path 5 yrs, and board certification.
Reviews medical history, reviews witness statements, scene investigation, autopsy examination
Forensic Pathologist
Autopsy performed to determine cause of death, ie pathology, how did death occur?
Clinical Autopsy
Autopsy performed in case of unnatural death, for medico-legal purposes
Forensic Autopsy
Performed when death not attended by physician, ordered by court, suspicious/unnatural/sudden death, teaching/medical research, prisoners, or requested by family
Autopsy
Reason for this is to determine cause/manner of death, time of death, ID/Collect/preserve evidence, factual information to law enforcement/prosecutors/defense attornys/families, protect the innocent/prosecute the guilty
Autopsy
how death came about, legal determination based on evidence.
5: natural, accidental, homicide, suicide, undetermined
Manner of Death
Disease (cancer/heart disease), or circumstance such as injury (may be accidental or on purpose) that led to death
Causes of Death
maturity: many mature animals bones are confused for subadult human bones, key difference is this, subadult humans have unfused these and adult mammals will have fused these
Epiphysis
Look very similar but human metacarpals are thinner, bear metacarals have an extra groove, humans have only two sesamoids while bears have two on all fingers
Hands vs. bear paws
not found in humans, found in running animals, fused carpals and cetacarpals
Metapodial
found in non-humans, penis bone found in most mammals
Baculum
state of preservation, body modification, personal belongings, conditions of interment
Contemporary vs. non-contemporary remains
how the bone looks; tophonomy: color, texture, hydration, weight, condition/fragmentation, fragility
State of preservation
any intentional changes in normal bone structure whether for social preference or individual preference
Body modification
prehistoric society, cradle boarding
Cranial modification
esthetic/surgical practice, prehistoric filing and inlays, contemporary bridges, fillings and caps
Dental modification
medical purposes
Prosthetics
Line, grid, circular, random
Search methods
-establish datum (fixed point) and construct baseline (straight line from datum)
Stages of Recovery 1
remove all surface debris and first cm of soil
Stages of Recovery 2
excavate the remains and screen soil if buried
Stages of Recovery 3
collect the remains
stages of recovery 4
scrape down soil beneath remains
stages of recovery 5
-in the field, bone and evidence plotted using polar coordinates
-in the lab, transformed into Cartesian coordinates to create gridmap
Mapping
the process of removing any soft tissue from decomposing or mummified remains to yield a clean, dry skeleton for forensic anthropological analysis using plastic tools
Maceration
1. MEO/PD takes initial custody
2. Release to Human ID lab
3. Return to MEo
Custody of Remains
Case documented in 3 parallel places: Case log book, Processing log, and Individual case file
Documentation of Remains
-master record of each case from receipt to release
-includes evidence receipts, shipping, weighbill, analysis forms, correspondence, photos/radiographs, MEO and PD reports, processing log, subpoenas, testimony and transcripts
Case File
the way of the saints, syncretistic religion, Afro-Caribbean origin, Orisha worship
Santaria
spirit that reflects one of the manifestations of Olodumare, God, in the Yoruba spiritual or religious system
Orisha
African diaspora religion; Brazil and Cuba; malevolent Orisha control, used to control dead, nature and humans
Palo Mayombe
sacred earth
Nganga
500,000 Santeria worshipers in US; 100,000 in Florida in Miami, Tampa and Orlando. Also located in NY and NJ
Concentrations of Palo Mayombe in US
Dr Parkman goes missing, Dr Webster owed him money. Homes and Wymen investigate and find body parts in Webster's lab and figured out it was body of 5'10" white male 50-60 yrs old and false teeth
Parkman Murder
Adolph Luetgert accused of killing wife, Louisa, owns sausage factory, murders her at home, carries body to factory and mixes with 375 pounds acidic solution turning bones to jelly. George Darsey sees 4 small pieces of bone and a ring and said that human hand, foot and rib
Sausage Vat Murder
collected about 1600 skeletons from dissecting room cadavers, known age sex and ancestry
Terry Collection
collected 2600 skeletons of known individuals, collection used to develop standards for age, sex, ancestry, stature determination
Hamann-Todd collection
William Bass donated modern skeletal collection in 1981 at UTennessee w/about 400 known individuals
Bass collection
Maxwell's museum's documented skeletal collection, 1984 New Mexico, about 250 known individuals all died w/in past 25 years
Maxwell Collection
largest forensic anthropology lab in operation, Hawaii
Central Identification laboratory
started by William Bass to determine how bodies decompose
Body Farm
department of anthropology UF established 1990 by Dr Mapes, Dr Tony Falsetti is current direction, 24 medical examiner districts in Florida. Other referrals NY state police, FBI, etc. About 200 skeletal postmortems annually
CA pound human identification laboratory
father of forensic anthropology, anatomist, research human skeletal ID (Age, height, sex from sternum, stature estimates, age at death)
Thomas Dwight
Cleveland, Ohio. Collected 2600 skeletons of known individuals, collection used to develop standards used for age, sex, ancestry, stature determination, collection named after them
Carl August Hamann and T. Wingate Todd
St. Louis, Missouri. Collected 1600 skeletons from dissecting room cadavers. known age, sex, ancestry, called Terry Collection
Robert Terry
later director of CILHI were standards for determining stature were set in WWII
Mildred Trotter
1903-1987, the Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine (1962), first to call himself Forensic Anthropologist, first book devoted entirely to study of human bones for forensice
Wilton Krogman
Curator, physical anthropology section, Smithsonian institution, essential of Forensic Anthropology written 1979. Directed id lab in Japan during Korean War, research by Thomas McKern, standard for determining age
T. Dale Stewart
Human osteology, a lab and field manual written by him in 1986. Professor of University of Tennessee, Body Farm
William Bass
Founder of CA POund human ID lab at UF, human ID and trauma analysis. President Zachary Taylor. The elephant Man
William Maples