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74 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
how the organism moved and held their body while resting
positional repertoire
protein fibers
collagen
functions of bones (4)
-support and protect organs and tissues
-levers for movement
-marrow housing
-repository for calcium, etc.
two types of bone matter
cortical (hard)
trabecular (softy-spongy)
three groups of bone (shape/size based)
long, flat, irregular
fibrous tissues that contract to move a bone
muscles
bands of tough fiber that aloow for a small attatchment area
tendon
place where bones contact
joint/articulate
bundles of collagen that connect across joint surfaces
ligaments
place where a muscle begins
origin point
place where muscle terminates
insertion point
lateral
toward the side of the body, away from the midline
medial
toward the midline of the body
proximal
closer to the trunk of the body
distal
away from the trunk of the body
adducted
move toward the midline
abducted
move away from the midline
anterior (B/Q)
B: toward the front of the body
Q: toward the skull
posterior (B/Q)
B: toward the rear of the body
Q: toward the tail
Ventral (B/Q)
B: toward the chest/belly
Q: toward the lower surface or chest
dorsal (B/Q)
B: toward the back
Q: toward the upper surface or back
superior (B/Q)
B: toward the head
Q: towards the back (dorsal)
inferior (B/Q)
B: toward the feet
Q: toward the chest (ventral)
sagittal
vertical plane, divides into L and R halves
coronal
vertical, divides into anterior and posterior
transverse
cross sectional plane
three planes
sagittal, coronal, transverse
two types of bones (2 distinctions)
1: Cranial/postcranial
2: Axial/appendicular
head
cranium
jaw
mandible
place where a muscle begins
origin point
bones on sides of pelvis
innominates
ribs
ribs
shoulder bone
scapula
four types of teeth and number in each quadrant
incisors: 2
canines: 1
premolars: 2
molars: 3
top front of skull
frontal
top back of skull
parietals
side front of skull
zygomatics
top of mouth
maxilla
back of skull
occipital
back sides of skull
temporal
hole in base of skull for passage of spinal cord
foramen magnum
top vertebrae
cervical
middle vertebrae
thoracic
bottom vertebrae
lumbar
wierd tail thingy
coccyx
big part of scapula
blade
thin top bar part of scapula
spine
jutting out joiny part of scapula
acromion
side joiny part of scapula
glenoid fossa
big part of innominate (pelvis)
illium
side joiny part of pelvis
acetabulum
bottom back part of pelvis
ischium
bottom front part of pelvis
pubis
top joiny part of femur
head
top not-quite-joiny part of femur
neck
long middle part of femur
shaft (teehee)
bottom joiny part of femur
condyles
big toe bone
hallux
breastbone
clavicle
big top arm bone
humerus
backbones
vertebrae
lower arm (large)
radius
lower arm (small)
ulna
wrist bones
carpals
finger bones
phalanges
big leg bone
femur
big lower leg bone
tibia
small lower leg bone
fibula
ankle bones
tarsals
foot bones
metatarsals
toe bones
phalanges
hand bones
metacarpals
middle of pelvis
sacrum