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92 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
supraorbital foramen (notch)
Frontal bone
blood vessels and nerves that serve forehead pass through here
foramen magnum
occipital bone
brain stem passes through here to connect with spinal cord
occipital condyles
occipital bone
articulate with superior articular surfaces of C1
zygomatic process
temporal bone
meetszygomatic bone to form zygomatic arch
mandibular fossa
temporal bone
articulates with mandibular condyle to form TMJ
external acoustic (auditory) meatus:
Temporal Bones
transmits soundwaves to eardrum
styloid process
Temporal Bones
attachment site for neck muscles & ligament that supports the hyoid
mastoid process
Temporal Bones
attachment site for muscles that rotate the head
jugular foramen:
Temporal Bones
passageway for the internal jugular vein
carotid canal:
Temporal Bones
passageway for the internal carotid artery
sella turcica
Sphenoid Bone
houses the pituitary gland of the brain
optic foramen
Sphenoid Bone
passageway for the optic nerve
superior orbital fissure
Sphenoid Bone
passageway for cranial nerves that control eye movement
cribriform plate
Ethmoid Bone
forms the roof of the nasal cavity; holes (olfactory foramina) provide passageways for the olfactory nerves; olfactory bulbs rest here
crista galli
Ethmoid Bone
a ridge of bone in the center of the cribriform plate that separates the olfactory bulbs
perpendicular plate
ethmoid bone
superior portion of the nasal septum
coronal suture
b/w frontal and parietal
lambdoid suture
b/w parietal and occipital
and b/w occipital and temporal
squamous suture
b/w temporal and parietal
sagittal suture
b/w parietal
infraorbital foramen
Maxilla
: blood vessels and the nerve that serve the face pass through here
palatine process
Maxilla
forms anterior portion of the hard palate
mandibular condyle
Mandible
: forms TM joint with mandibular fossa of the temporal bone
coronoid process
Mandible
attachment site for temporalis muscle
mandibular foramen
Mandible
the 3rd division of the trigeminal nerve passes through here (dentists inject anesthetic near here to block the sensation from lower teeth)
- mandibular notch
Mandible
: found between the coronoid process and mandibular condyle
ramus
Mandible
upright portion of the mandible from which the mandibular condyle and coronoid processes project
body
Mandible
the anterior part that forms the chin
mental foramen:
Mandible
blood vessels and nerves that supply the chin region pass through here
horizontal plate
Palatine Bones
posterior portion of hard palate
temporal process
Zygomatic Bone
- : meets the zygomatic process of the temporal bone to form the “zygomatic arch
vomer
forms the inferior part of nasal septum
Hyoid Bone
Located in the throat superior to the larynx; serves as a point of attachment for many tongue and neck muscles.
- Does not articulate with any other bon
sternal end
Clavicle
medial end, articulates with the manubrium of the sternum
acromial end
Clavicle
lateral end, articulates with the ______ of the scapula
acromion
Scapula-
articulates with the clavicle to form ******** joint
coracoid process
Scapula
attachment site for biceps brachii, brachialis, and pectoralis minor muscles
glenoid cavity (fossa)
Scapula - articulates with the head of humerus to form shoulder joint
spine
Scapula
attachment site for muscles of the shoulder
supraspinous fossa
Scapula
attachment site for the supraspinatus muscle
infraspinous fossa
Scapula
attachment site for the infraspinatus muscle
subscapular fossa
Scapula
attachment site for the subscapularis muscle
humerus - head
Humerus
articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula to form shoulder joint
greater and lesser tubercles:
Humerus
sites of muscle attachment
deltoid tuberosity
Humerus
: attachment site for the deltoid muscle
- trochlea
Humerus
: articulates with the ulna to form part of the elbow joint
- capitulum
Humerus
: articulates with the radius
(lateral)
- olecranon fossa
Humerus
fits the ______ process (pointy elbow)of the ulna
- posterior
coronoid fossa:
Humerus
fits the coronoid process of the ulna
-anterior, medial
- head:
Radius
superior surface articulates with the capitulum of the humerus to form part of the elbow joint, medial surface articulates with the radial notch of the ulna to form the proximal radioulnar joint
- radial tuberosity:
Radius
attachment site for biceps brachii
- ulnar notch:
Radius
articulates with the head of the ulna to form the distal radioulnar joint (what type of movement does this joint allow?)
- styloid process:
Radius
provides lateral stability for the wrist joint
trochlear notch
Ulna
articulates with the ***** of the humerus to form part of the elbow joint
olecranon (process)
Ulna
stabilizes elbow joint, fits into ------- fossa in forearm extension (bony point of elbow)
- coronoid process
Ulna
stabilizes elbow joint, fits into the ______ fossa during forearm flexion
radial notch
Ulna
articulates with head of the radius to form the proximal radioulnar joint
ulna:head:
Ulna
lateral edge articulates with ulnar notch of radius to form the distal radioulnar joint; does not articulate with carpal bones and therefore is not part of the wrist joint
- styloid process:
Ulna
provides medial stability for the wrist joint
iliac crest
Ilium
where you rest your hands when you put your hands on your hips
- greater sciatic notch:
Ilium
the sciatic nerve passes through here
- acetabulum:
Ilium
it articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint
- auricular surface:
Ilium
articulates with the **** **** of the sacrum to form the sacroiliac joint; in females, this joint becomes loose during labor
lesser sciatic notch
Ischium
blood vessels and nerves that serve the perineum pass through here
ischial tuberosity
- : your “sits” bones,
- obturator foramen
Pubis
(closed by ------- membrane)
pubic symphysis
Pubis
- cartilage that becomes loose during labor)
2
femur - head:
Femur
articulates with the acetabulum of coxal bone
greater & lesser trochanters
Femur
- : attachment sites for thigh & buttock muscles
- lateral & medial condyles:
Femur
articulate with the tibial head to form knee joint
- intercondylar fossa:
Femur
anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments pass through this notch
- linea aspera:
Femur
attachment site for muscles that move the leg
Patella, knee cap
Protects the knee joint and strengthens the quadriceps tendon; increases the leverage of the quadriceps as it extends the knee joint.
medial & lateral condyles:
Tibia
articulate with the medial & lateral condyles of the femur to form the knee joint
- tibial tuberosity:
Tibia
attachment site for patellar ligament
- medial malleolus:
Tibia
provides medial stability to ankle joint
fibula - head:
Fibula
articulates with the lateral epicondyle of the tibia
- lateral malleolus:
Fibula
provides lateral stability to the ankle joint
- vertebral foramen:
Vertebrae

the spinal cord passes through here
- inferior articular facet
Vertebrae

: forms a joint with superior articular process
- superior articular facet:
Vertebrae
forms a joint with inferior articular process
- intervertebral foramina:
Vertebrae
the spinal nerves pass through here
transverse foramen
Cervical vert
vertebral arteries pass through to brain
dens
C2
allows rotation of head
vertebra prominens
C7
large spinous process
trnasverse costal facets
Thoracic Vertebrae
located on ends of transverse process
articualte with tubercle of rib
superior and inferior demifacets
Thoracic Vertebrae
located on body, articulate with head of rib
sacral canal
sacrum
spinal nerves pass through here
sacral foramina
sacrum
for transmitting spinal nerves
auricular surface
sacrum
forms sacroiliac joint with auricular surface of illium
rib head
articulates with superior and inferior costal facets of thoracic vertebrae
rib tubercle
articulates with tranverse costal facets on transverse process of thoracic vertebrae