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7 Cards in this Set

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What are the main physiological functions of bone?
Support, Protection, Movement, Storage, and Blood cell production
What properties of bone allow it to perform its main physiological functions?
Bones are rigid. Bone is a composite tissue that is denser and harder than any other connective tissue. Bones move past one another at joints (articulations). Bones contain Ca2+ (calcium) and PO4(3-) (phosphate), fat stored in yellow marrow, and internal cavities called red marrow.
What is the internal structure of flat bones?
A flat bone consists of cancellous bone surrounded by compact bone. Flat bones have sinuses lined by mucous membranes, that make them lighter.
Describe Compact bone.
Dense bone with little open space.
Describe Cancellous bone.
Bone with less ossified matrix than dense bone.
Describe Woven bone.
Bone with randomly organized collagen fibers.
Describe lamellar bone.
Bone with collagen fibers organized into thin sheets or lamellae.