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77 Cards in this Set

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the tough fibrous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone
Periosteum
The hard, dense and very strong bone that forms the outer layer of the bones
compact bone
commonly found in the ends and inner portions of long bones
spongy bone
located in the shaft of long bone, contains yellow bone marrow
medullary cavity
the tissue that forms the lining of the medullary cavity
endosteum
Pertaining to the formation of blood cells
Hemopoietic
Yellow bone marrow
functions as a fat storage area
Smooth rubbery blue-white tissue that acts as a shock absorber between bones
cartilage
The cartilage that makes smooth joint movement possible and protects the bones from rubbing against each other.
Articlular cartilage
Curved fibrous cartilage found in some joints such as knee and TMJ
Meniscus
Shaft of long bone
diaphysis
Wide end of long bone
epiphysis
Proximal epiphysis
end of bone located nearest to the midline of the body
distal epiphysis
end of the bone located farther away from the midline
opening in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves and ligaments pass.
foramen
normal projection on the surface of the bone
Process
Articulations
joints
Immovable joint
suture
Soft spots on baby's head
fontaneles
Two bones join and are held firmly together so that they function as one bone.
Symphyses
Movable joints of the body
synovial joints
Synovial joints that allow wide range of motion
Ball and socket joints
Synovial joints that allow movement primarily in one direction or plane
Hinge joints
A band of fibrous connective tissue that connects one bone to another bone.
ligaments
Connective tissue that connects muscle and bone.
tendons
The fluid synovial membrane secretes.
synovial fluid
A fibrous sac that is lined with synovial membrane and is filled with synovial fluid
Bursa
The skeleton that protects the major organs of the nervous, respiratory and circulatory systems.
Axial skeleton
The skeleton that makes body movement possible and protects systems of digestion, excretion and reproduction.
Appendicular skeleton.
The portion of the skeleton that encloses the brain
Cranium
Frontal bone forms the ...
Forehead
Two parietal bones form the ....
roof and upper sides of the cranium
The spinal chord passess through the ....
Occipital bone
Temporal bones
form the sides and base of cranium.
Sphenoid Bone
forms the base of the skull and the sides of the orbit.
Ethmoid bone
forms the nose, the orbit and floor of cranium.
Zygomatic bones
cheek bones
Maxillary bones
upper jaw
Palatine bones
hard palate of the mouth.
Mandible
Lower jaw. Only movable bone fo the skull.
TMJ
Temporomandiblar Joint.
Thoracic cavity
Ribs, sternum and thoracic vertebrae.
Costals
ribs
True ribs
First seven pairs of ribs
False ribs
second three pairs of ribs
Floating ribs
last two pairs.
Breast bone
Sternum
Upper portion of the sternum
Manubrium
Middle portion of the sternum
Body
Lower portion of the sternum
Xiphoid process
Shoulder Girdle
Pectoral girdle
collar bone
clavicle
shoulder blade
scapula
Extn of the scapula
Acromion
Bone of the upper arm
Humerus
Smaller bone that runs upto the sides of the thumb
Radius
Articulates with the humerus to form the elbow joint.
ulna
Funny bone
Olecranon Process
Three bones of each finger.
Distal, medial and proximal.
Vertebral column
Spinal column. Has 26 vertebrae.
Opening in the middle of the vertebra thru which the spinal column passess
Vertebral foramen.
Cervical vertebrae
The first seven forms the neck. called c1-c7.
Thoracic Vertebrae
The second 12, forms the outward curve of the spine. Known as T1- T12.
Lumbar vertebrae
The last 5 vertebrae. Makes up the inward curve of the lower spine. Known as L1- L5
Seperate and cushion the vertebrae from each other.
Intervertebral Disks
Triangular-shaped bone near the base of the spine.
sacrum
tail bone
coccyx
Ilium, Ischium and pubis
Pelvic gridle
Hip socket
acetabulum
Upper leg bone
Femur
Knee cap
Patella
anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
Posterior cruciate Ligament (PCL)
Cruciate ligaments
Shin bone
Tibia
Smaller bone of the leg
fibula
The ankle bone that articulates with the tibia and fibula
talus
Rounded bony protuberance on the side of the ankle
malleolus
Heel Bone
calcaneus