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108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
meatus p or d
d
general shape of the thoracic cage is
inverted cone
reduction is
realignment of broken ends
diaphysis
the shaft of the bone made of compact bone made of compact bone
metacarpal:l,s,f,i
s
site of longitudal growth in a child
epiphyseal plate
after reduction...
immobilization
healing time 6-8 weeks
Examples of appendicular skeleton
limbs, girldles
condyle projection or depression?
projection
surrounds joints
articular capsule
long bone growth ends when..
epiphyseal cartilage(plates) are completely converted into bone
short bones
long as wide
cube shaped
mostly spongy
femur:l,s,f,i
l
diaphysis
bone shaft
spine p or d
p
characteristics of long bones
longer than wide
expand at the ends
mostly compact
after birth all cartilage is converted into bone except
epiphyseal plates-GROWTH PLATES
all ribs articulate with
throaric vertebrae
ossification happens in.
utero
the skeletal system contains__ bones.
206, with the exception of the tail bone which can have 3-5 bones.
bone is ___and___tissue
active and dynamic it is constantly growing in responce to
calcium levels in the blood
gravity
the point of fushion of the three bone sformaing a coxal bone is the
astiblium
mandible:l,s,f,i
f
grow out of the bone
projections/processes
bone is ___and___tissue
active and dynamic it is constantly growing in responce to growth
3 types of joints
1.synarthrosis
2.amphiarthorisis
3.diathrosis
bone fractures are treated by ___
reduction
Examples of Axial skeleton
skull,spine,ribs,sternum
2 steps of ossification
hyaline cartilage becomes covered by bone (osteoblasts)
hyaline cartilage is diagnosed,opening up a medullary cavity
synovial joint structure...
space between joints
ramus p or d
p
flat bones
thin
flattened
layer of spongy bone sandwhiched between compact bones
when calcium levels are low..
the parathyroid gland activates the osteoclasts(destroy bones so that you'll have calcium)
inside joints
synovial disc
after birth most hyaline cartilage has been converted into bone except
articular cartilage (bone ends) very important in reducing friction on joint surfaces
articular cartilage
covers the epiphysis decreases friction at the joints
which bone's growth is controlled by the growth hormone (gh) during puberty
long bone
fluid between joints
synovial fluid
open reduction
requires surgery bone are secured with pins and wires
mature bone cells located in tiny cavities called lacunae
osteocytes
calcaneus:long,short,flat,irregular
s
6 types of synovial joints
1.ball and socket(shoulder)
2.EILLIPSODIAL(CARPALS)
3.gliding hinge(sternum/clavicle)
4.pivot(radius/ulna)
5.saddle(metacarpal/carpal)
6.hinge(ankle/elbow)
crest p or d
p
in infants marrow is..
red
tuberosity p or d
p
diathroses
movibility, ball and socket
head p or d
p
bones are classified by..
size and shape
when calcium levels are high
calcium is deposited in the bone matrix as hard calcium salts
synthroses
no mevement(head)
bones are coaxed back by physiscans hand
closed reduction
Characteristics of spongy bone
small needle like pieces of bone and lots of open space
radius:l,s,f,i
l
cavity where fluid is
bursae
foramen p or d
d
lacunae
arranged in concentric circles called amellae around central canals
humerus:l,s,f,i
l
space between two bones that articulate
synovial cavity
fissure p or d
d
bone markings..
indicate where muscles,tendons,and ligaments attach
frontal:l,s,f,i
f
recieves the weight of body when sitting
ischial tuberosity
Characteristics of compact bone
dense, smooth, homogeneous
amphiathroses
slight movement, vertebrae
What is the name of a bone doctor?
orthopedist
sternum:l,s,f,i
f
5 functions of the skeletal system.
1.protection
2.support
3.movement(muscle attachment)
4.storage(mostly calcium,some fat)
5.hematopoiesis(blood cell formation)
vertebra:l,s,f,i
i
irregular bones
odd shaped
don't fit into other categories
site of compact bone in adult
diaphysis
yellow marrow
medullary cavity
site of spongy bone in adults
ephysis
periousteum
a layer of fibrous connective tissue that covers and protects the diaphysis
3 steps to repair a fracture
1.hematoma forms
2.fibrocartilage callus
3.bony callus forms
sesamoid bones
round,embedded in tendons
ribs 1-7 are called
true ribs
ends of the long bone
epiphysis
cartilage between bones
articular disc
central canal through which blood vessels and nerve fibers run
haversian canal
site of fat storage
yellow marrow cavity medullary cavity
depressions/cavities
indentations in the bone
structure that encloses nerve cord
vetebral arch
a complex consisting of haversian canal and lamallae
osteon
outside joints
fibrous capsule
radiate outward from haversian canals to all lacuane, form a transportation system that connects all the bone cells to the nutrient supply through the bone matrix
canalialli
site of hematopoiesis in adult
epiphysis
bone formation
ossification
4 possible types of inflammation of joints
rhuematoid arthritis
osteoporosis
tendenities
tmj
breaking of bone resulting in twisting forces
spiral fracture
the large nerve that must be avoided when giving buttocks shots is
cyatic nerve
this aspect of the skeleton convetys the sense of pain in bone and joints
nervous
fuse to from the hip bone(coxal bone)
illium,ischium,pubis
increases bone strength
muscular
regulates uptake and release of calcium
endocrine
bone is crushed, common in vertebral column
compression fracture
bone is broken cleanly, the ends don't penetrate skin
simple fracture
break common in children, bone splinters but break is incomplete
greestick fracture
non bony debris at the fracture site is removed by
phagocytes
two spianl curvatures well developed at birth are
thoaric and sacral curvatures
the __curvature forms when baby starts to walk
lumbar
osteoblasts come from
pariosteum cavity
fracture where bone ends penetrate the skin
compound fracture
provides vitamen d for absorbtion of calcium
integumentary
activates vitamen d
urinary
immovable joints in the cranium
sutures
soft spots also called
fontanels
the___curvature forms when baby starts to lift head
cervical
process of replacing cartilage is called
ossification