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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How did skating first begin?
As a form of transportation
Where did skating first begin?
Northern europe and scandinavia
What were the first blades made of? Were they effective?
Bone, not very
Where were the first iron blades made? when?
Holland, middle ages
Who changed skating to a sport?
Jackson Haines, from Chicago
Who revolutionized men's skating? how? when?
Toller Cranston, by including artistic moves, early 70's
What kind of jumps were done in the first half of the century?
single revolution, which has progressed to double, triple, and even quadruple in international competition
What was the major change in skating recently?
Went from a 6.0 system to a points system, where skaters accumulate points throughout the program in technical and program components categories. the scores are then added for total points. this new system takes the subjectivity out of judging
define figures
skating on the edge of the blade around a circle. basic building blocks of skating. organized in levels from 1-8. Requires balance and control. Different levels incorporate different edges and turns. No longer a requirement for competetive skaters.
define freestyle
involves jumps, spins, footwork to musical interpretation by a SINGLE skater, skater choses own music and arranges a program. higher levels have a technical program and a freeskate. men and women have separate categories.
define ice dance
intricate footwork choreographed to express a mood or certain type of music. interpretation and expression is very important. skated in couples with each member skating effectively the same steps. unison is important. incorporates some lifts, but not above the mans chest. each couple competes in 3 categories: compulsory dances, original dance, and free-dance
define pairs
combines freestyle and ice dance. couples can skate separate to complete jumps and spins. also do overhead throws and jumps. programs choreographed to music and unison is important
define moves in the field
patterns created to develop a skater's power, edge, control, extension, and footwork. not performed to music. levels: pre-preliminary to senior, must test to move to next level.
define synchronized skating
new sport, highest levels combine aspects of all other kinds of skating, teams have up to 20 members on the ice at once, elements include blocks, pinwheels, circles, lines, lifts, jumps, and spines. Not yet an olympic sport
how many edges are there? what are they?
2, inside, outside
what is the space between the egdes called?
how do hockey skates differ from figure skates?
no toe-pick, different curvature and different width
what is the best fit for an ice skate?
1/2 size smaller than normal shoe
how should skates be laced?
loosely around the toes, tight over the instep and through the ankle, loose again at top of boot
define skating side
side of the foot the skater is standing on.
define free side
opposite side of skating side
def RBO
right back outside
def LFI
left forward inside
def ISI
Ice skating institute
United states figure skating association
def ISU
international skating union
what should you not do if you fall?
reach backward with hands
how do you get up from a fall?
get on all fours, raise one knee, but both hands on the knee and push self up
what do you push with when stroking?
whole blade NOT toepick
def a flat
when both edges are on the ice at the same time
def checking
stopping the rotation of the shoulders and arms. stops the rotation of a turn
is it better to skate more often for less time, or less often for longer?
more often for less time