Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/39

Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
encoding
process of organizing and trasforming incoming information so that it can be entered into the memory, either to be stored or compared with previous stored info.
storage
process of retaining info. in memory
retrieval
assessing info. stored in memory
Encoding:meaningfulness
single best method for aiding memory
encoding:maintenance rehersal
keeping info active in mind by repeating it over and over
maintenance man clean everyday
encoding:elaborative rehersal
holdin info. in the mind by connecting it with existing info.
elaborative is superior to maintenance
Imagery
anything that can be pictured is more easily to reacall becasue of dual-coding hypothesis
mnemonic devices
strategies that improve memory typically by using effective organiztion and intergation
interactive, method of loci, pegword/numbered images, rhyming, hierarchical, acronyms
method of loci
location techniques, visually seeing and remembering
sensory memory
records faithful, less than a sec.(bottom up process
passive storage
doesn't do anything, not active, holds info.
echoic memory
auditory info.
Duration: a few sec
what..? oh i heard you!
iconic memory
visual memory 1/4
dot on the wall
working memory
specialized short term memory systems and the central executive function that operates on the info.
circumventing
working memory limitations number of bits of info. not size
automaticity
skills developed through intense practice
driving, infant learning to walk
primacy
output of LTM most mental repitition
first few, encoded
recency effect
output of working memory 15-20 sec.
immediate recall of the serial position effect
first and last
delayed recall of the serial position effect
first, no recency effect
long term memory
incomplete reconstuction, possibly for life
passive
semantic
facts,general, knowledge of the world (declarative knowledge)
episodic
personally experienced (autobiographical)
retrograde amnesia
loss of episodic info.
don't know mother's name but knows what a cup is
priming
preformed a task that facilitates repeating the same or an associated task more easily recognizable
recognizing an object more when having seen it before
phonology
physical level of languaage
phone
smallest unit of sound
phoneme
sounds treated as the same sounds
43, P
syntax
the logical or structural level of language
semantic
the level of basic meaning
morpheme
smallest unit of meaning in a language
pragmantic
implying meaning rather than asserting
do u have the time?
normative models of thinking
ought to... philosophers
descriptive models of thinking
actual..how we do reason
logic
ways of getting answer
affirming the consequent
incorrectly work backward from result to cause
fluid intelligence
helps in solving novel problems like shifting gears quickly
crystallized intelligence
accumulated knowledge
"enterprise
Gardners multiple intelligence view
abliity to solve a problem or fasion a product that is valued in at least on culture or community