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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sequence of events
arranging plot elements; commercial fiction could use "tried and true"
clash of ideas, actions, desires; man vs. himself
central character
any force arranged against protagonist
compels reader to keep reading
unusual set of circumstances for which the reader craves an explanation
position in which character must choose between thow courses of action, both undesirable
story departs radically from our expectations; unexpected or sudden
surprise (surprise ending)
when the protagonist solves problems
happy ending
leaves us feeling sad or the protagonist does not achieve desires
unhappy ending
no definitive conclusion is reached - no definite resolution
indeterminate ending
nothing in the story that is irrelevant; everything in the story contributes to the meaning and nothing is for its own sake.
artistic unity
a turn in the plot that is unjustified (seems unfair or unrealistic to reader)
plot manipulation
when reader feels manipulated if the plot relies too heavily on chance or coincidence to provide a resolution to the story; unbelieveable
deus ex Machina
occurence of an event that has no apparent cause in previous events or in predispostion
chance occurence of two events that may have a peculiar correspondence
when we are told straight out about a character or by exposition or analysis from another character
direct presentation
the author shows us the characters through their actions; we determine what they are like by what they say or do
indirect presentation
characters are shown speaking and behaving as in a stage play
a character that has one or two traits; can be described in one sentence
flat character
stereotyped figure
stock character
complex and many-sided character; 3d
round character
remains the same person from the beginning to the end
static character
undergoes some distinct change of character
dynamic character
a moment of spiritual insight into life or into the character's own circumstances. usually the "moment" for developing character
controlling idea or central insight
the theme is left for the reader to figure out
the theme is outwardly stated in the story
who tells the story
point of view
story told in third person by a narrator who knows all; their knowledge is unlimited. most flexible but most dangerous
omniscient point of view
told in third person but limited to the thoughts of one character. Approximates more closely than omniscient and unifying element. It is a limited field of observation though
third person limited pov
random thoughts going through a character's head; mingling past and present.
stream of consciousness
author disappears into one of the characters who tells the story. no opportunity for direct interpretation from author but opportunity for dramatic irony and blunted human perceptiveness
first person pov
this can go anywhere but can only record what is seen and heard; cannont comment, interpret, or enter a character's mind. lot of dialogue; readers feel like at a play
objective or dramatic pov
writers ability to say as much as possible as briefly as possible
something that means more that what it suggests on the surface
a story that has a second meaning beneath the surface, endowing a cluster of characters, objects, or events with added significance
nonrealistic story; no factual representation
technique used to convey a truth by exposing some incongruity of a character's behavior
simply language one person uses to belittle or ridicule another
when speaker syas the opposite of what he or she intends to say; simplest
verbal irony
the contrast is between what a character says or thinks and what the reader knows to be true; usually found in first person
dramatic irony
the discrepancy is between appearance and reality, or between expectation and fulfillment, or between what is and what would seem appropriate; most important
situational irony
stories that try to elicit easy or unearned emotional responses
comment on the story and then instruct us how to feel
overwrite; use immoderately heightened language to accomplish effects
literature solely to entertain
commercial fiction
teaches us about a certain human truth; broadens, deepens, and sharpens the reader's awareness of life
literary fiction