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20 Cards in this Set

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Ahl al-Sunnah
People of the Tradition (of the Prophet)
Ahl al-Bayt
People of the Household (of the Prophet)
Khalifah
Caliph, Caliphate
Shari'ah
Islamic law
Imamah
Imamate, referring to the distinctive institution of leadership under the 12 Imams
Walayat
esoteric function of interpreting the inner mysteries of the Qur'an and Shari'ah
Hadeeth
traditions, sayings, and examples of the Prophet as transmeitted by his companions and/or his household
Karbala
one of the holiest cities in Shi'ism. Location of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein and his companions. Subsequently the tombs and shrines of those individuals are located here.
Muharram
1st month in the Islamic calendar
Ashura
10th day of the month of Muharram. Date of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein. This is a day of mourning in the Shi'ite world.
Matam
ceremonial mourning
Velatat-e Faqih
"Guardianship of the Jurist" - Khomeini's treatise of Islamic Government in which society should be lead by a qualified faqih (jursit) in order to implement Shari'ah
Zolfiqar
the double-edged/double-pointed sword that was passed from the Prophet to Ali, and remains a symbol of Shi'ism
Ta'ziya
ritual re-enactment of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein
Seyyed
descendent of the Prophet through the bloddline of the offspring of Ali and Fatema
Ulama
Islamic clergy
Marja' al-taqlid
"Source of Emulation" - highest ranking Shi'a jurist/scholar. Every Shia follows a marja' of his/her choosing, although it is usually a cleric of lower rank that most Shias turn to when addressing their religious concerns
Red Shi'ism
"Karbala is everywhere; every month is Muharram; every day is 'Ashura."
Black Shi'ism
Dr. Ali Shari'ati - Ritulaized self-sacrifice useless and served no purpose. True Shi'ite willing and ready at all times to sacrifice themselves in struggle against tyranny.
Shi'a
Underscore importance of vehicle for the message . . . the Prophet.
Revere Prophet, honor Qur'an