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22 Cards in this Set
"Thou art so fat-witted, with drinking of old sack
and unbuttoning thee after supper and sleeping upon
benches after noon...I see no
reason why thou shouldst be so superfluous to demand
the time of the day"
"Indeed, you come near me now, Hal; for we that take
purses go by the moon and the seven stars....Marry, then, sweet wag, when thou art king, let not
us that are squires of the night's body be called
thieves of the day's beauty: let us be Diana's
foresters, gentlemen of the shade, minions of the
First Speaker: Hal
-first introduction we have to these characters, provides comic relief to the "political thriller" nature of the previous scene, however we soon find out that there is more to these scenes than just comedy
Falstaff=moon, circular, time in undifferentiated
Hal= linear, historical time.
Time is a key theme in England (Pope changed the time but England didn't)
Falstaff represents Carnival (period before lent).
Friendship=rodomontade, abusive for intimacy's sake. Falstaff is honest with Hal
"So shaken as we are, so wan with care, Find we a time for frightene peace to pant. And breath short-winded accents of new broils. To be commenced in strands so far remote. No more the thirsty entrance of this soil shall daub her lips with her own children's blood,,,"
King Henry (Bullingbrook)
-opening of play
-Henry's rise to the throne brings about questions of legitimacy. He wants to go off to war, to have a Crusade to the holy land. He comments on the civil fighting that occured so that he could have a grasp on the throne.
-Henry wants to deter focus away from him and his illegitimate throne, by focusing on the Crusades
"Thou hast the most unsavoury similes and art indeed
the most comparative, rascalliest, sweet young
prince. But, Hal, I prithee, trouble me no more
with vanity. I would to God thou and I knew where a
commodity of good names were to be bought. An old
lord of the council rated me the other day in the
street about you, sir, but I marked him not; and yet
he talked very wisely, but I regarded him not; and
yet he talked wisely, and in the street too.....
I see a good amendment of life in thee; from praying
Why, Hal, 'tis my vocation, Hal; 'tis no sin for a
man to labour in his vocation.
First and last speaker: Falstaff
-during their discussion about their vile ways of behaving
Falstaff defended Harry on the street. Falstaff is referring to himself as a saint. He speaks of his "vocation" which is a puritan term meaning "Vocation is God's call to social, economic, civil, and religious roles or behavior. Individuals must use their talents, which come from God, wholeheartedly in fulfilling a call; however, they must not carry their behavior to extremes"
Falstaff represents a contemporary puritan. His values are the complete opposite of a normal puritan, he is joyful, always in "carnival mode" (never lent) and does not deprive himself of anything. Shakespeare might be making fun of puritans, saying none of them really act like this. Falstaff is a vice character in that he is immoral/comical, but he also generates sympathy due to his loyalty to Hal, and Hal's dismissal of him.
I know you all, and will awhile uphold
The unyoked humour of your idleness.
Yet herein will I imitate the sun,
Who doth permit the base contagious clouds
To smother up his beauty from the world,
That when he please again to be himself,
Being wanted, he may be more wondered at
By breaking through the foul and ugly mists
Of vapours that did seem to strangle him.
Hal- addressing Falstaff and other bar patrons
representing a Machievel (schemer character, one who gets power by plotting and using tricks rather than through honorable actions)
He is comparing himself to the sun, saying he will appear all the more glorious when he finally stops hanging out with such low people, and perfoming such vile acts, and "removes the clouds".
-Hal is stategic, and has a sense of honor and virtue and will become a great king, but has to lie to people and decieve it to do it, rather than doing it by a legitimate way.
-Dramatic irony; only we know Hal's true goals
-Hal is complex, virtuous but selfish
"Yea, and so used it that were it not here apparent
that thou art heir apparent--But, I prithee, sweet
wag, shall there be gallows standing in England when
thou art king? and resolution thus fobbed as it is
with the rusty curb of old father antic the law? Do
not thou, when thou art king, hang a thief"
"No; thou shalt"
"Shall I? O rare! By the Lord, I'll be a brave judge.
Thou judgest false already: I mean, thou shalt have
the hanging of the thieves and so become a rare hangman"
During the scene in the tavern, the first scene where we can witness their banter
-A foreshadowing of Hal's betrayal, He says "you will hang, a thief" (as in Falstaff will hang) but Falstaff takes it as "You will hang a thief!"
My liege, I did deny no prisoners.
But I remember, when the fight was done,
When I was dry with rage and extreme toil,
Breathless and faint, leaning upon my sword,
Came there a certain lord, neat, and trimly dress'd...
He question'd me; amongst the rest, demanded
My prisoners in your majesty's behalf.
I then, all smarting with my wounds being cold,
To be so pester'd with a popinjay,
Out of my grief and my impatience,
Answer'd neglectingly I know not what
Hotspur is telling Henry why he refused to turn over the prisoners. Shows his impatience, and quick temper.
-Shows that Hotspur obtains honor from warfare
-his speech shows he is capable of great poetry, uses heroic language
-Uses an epic simile to associate nobility of Mortimer. Says that evil plotting never disguises itself with such wounds, and neither could Mortimer. He is again associating honor with warfare- saying that Mortimer is indeed a prisoner of war under Glendower, and Henry is slandering him by accusing him of treason
But to say I know more harm in him than in myself,
were to say more than I know. That he is old, the
more the pity, his white hairs do witness it; but
that he is, saving your reverence, a whoremaster,
that I utterly deny. If sack and sugar be a fault,
God help the wicked! if to be old and merry be a
sin, then many an old host that I know is damned: if
to be fat be to be hated, then Pharaoh's lean kine
are to be loved. No, my good lord; banish Peto,
banish Bardolph, banish Poins: but for sweet Jack
Falstaff, kind Jack Falstaff, true Jack Falstaff,
valiant Jack Falstaff, and therefore more valiant,
being, as he is, old Jack Falstaff, banish not him
thy Harry's company, banish not him thy Harry's
company: banish plump Jack, and banish all the world.
-when pretending to be Hal in their meta-theatrical simulation of Hal's impending discussion with his father King Henry Bullingbrook.
-Falstaff's use of repetition reminds us of a Puritan language, he is using "anaphora" (repitition, which puritans used alot).
-Banish plump Jack and banish all the world:
-he has a grotesque body: he inflates himself with sack and food. It represents the body of the people
-Falstaff might have an idea that Hal won't want to associate himself with him when he is king, and is trying to convince him otherwise
With three or four loggerheads amongst three or four
score hogsheads. I have sounded the very
base-string of humility. Sirrah, I am sworn brother
to a leash of drawers; and can call them all by
their christen names, as Tom, Dick, and Francis.
They take it already upon their salvation, that
though I be but the prince of Wales, yet I am king
of courtesy; and tell me flatly I am no proud Jack,
like Falstaff, but a Corinthian, a lad of mettle, a
good boy, by the Lord, so they call me, and when I
am king of England, I shall command all the good
lads in Eastcheap. They call drinking deep, dyeing
scarlet; and when you breathe in your watering, they
cry 'hem!' and bid you play it off. To conclude, I
am so good a proficient in one quarter of an hour,
that I can drink with any tinker in his own language
during my life.
-Hal (with Poins, after the robbery/ trick on Falstaff)
-His language allows him to be at the level of the people (uses prose=common people language, while nobility use verse)
-He will be a better king because he has gotten to know his people
-It allows him access to his people as he is able to communicate with him
'Tis not due yet; I would be loath to pay him before
his day. What need I be so forward with him that
calls not on me? Well, 'tis no matter; honour pricks
me on. Yea, but how if honour prick me off when I
come on? how then? Can honour set to a leg? no: or
an arm? no: or take away the grief of a wound? no.
Honour hath no skill in surgery, then? no. What is
honour? a word. What is in that word honour? what
is that honour? air. A trim reckoning! Who hath it?
he that died o' Wednesday. Doth he feel it? no.
Doth he hear it? no. 'Tis insensible, then. Yea,
to the dead. But will it not live with the living?
no. Why? detraction will not suffer it. Therefore
I'll none of it. Honour is a mere scutcheon: and so
ends my catechism.
Falstaff: right before the battle after Henry IV made the peace offering to Worcester
-Catechism: a religous language, refers to an indoctrination.
-He is trying to redeem himself
-Asking Hal questions, trying to prepare him for what will happen later (people will come after him!)
His industry is
upstairs and downstairs; his eloquence the parcel of
a reckoning. I am not yet of Percy's mind, the
Hotspur of the north; he that kills me some six or
seven dozen of Scots at a breakfast, washes his
hands, and says to his wife 'Fie upon this quiet
life! I want work.' 'O my sweet Harry,' says she,
'how many hast thou killed to-day?' 'Give my roan
horse a drench,' says he; and answers 'Some
fourteen,' an hour after; 'a trifle, a trifle.'
-before he has to leave to see his father, at the tavern
-parallel between Henry's: Hotspur represents an outdated way of thinking. Hal sees that obtaining power through "honor" through "hard work" is really just committing mass-murder.
I am a rogue, if I were not at half-sword with a
dozen of them two hours together. I have 'scaped by
miracle. I am eight times thrust through the
doublet, four through the hose; my buckler cut
through and through; my sword hacked like a
hand-saw--ecce signum! I never dealt better since
I was a man: all would not do. A plague of all
cowards! Let them speak: if they speak more or
less than truth, they are villains and the sons of darkness.
-lying about the robbery
-says that he put up a fight and that there were many thieves
-dramatic irony (we know he is lying, he doesnt realize that Poins and Hal know!)
I cannot blame him: at my nativity
The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes,
Of burning cressets; and at my birth
The frame and huge foundation of the earth
Shaked like a coward.
Glendower- Welsh Warrior
-Before rebellion, planning what will happen after etc with Hotpur
-Glendower being Welsh, feels a spiritual, magical connection to things and feels that he can "conjure up demons" as he is a fearsome warrior
-Hotspur does not stand for this "spritual" talk
Not yours, in good sooth? You swear like a comfit-maker's wife. "Not you, in good sooth', and "As true I live", And "As God shall mend me" and "As sure as day!" And givest such sarcenet surety for they oaths, As if thou never walk'st further than Finsbury. Swear me, Kate, like a lady as thou art, A good mouth-filling oath, and leave "in sooth" and such protest of pepper-gingerbread,
To velvet-guards and Sunday-citizens. Come, sing."
Hotspur- to his wife Lady Percy after Glendower brought the ladies in after their discussion of the rebellion
Hotspur is making fun of her language, comparing her to a merchant's wife
In both your armies there is many a soul
Shall pay full dearly for this encounter,
If once they join in trial. Tell your nephew,
The Prince of Wales doth join with all the world
In praise of Henry Percy: by my hopes,
This present enterprise set off his head,
I do not think a braver gentleman,
More active-valiant or more valiant-young,
More daring or more bold, is now alive
To grace this latter age with noble deeds.
For my part, I may speak it to my shame,
I have a truant been to chivalry;
And so I hear he doth account me too;
Yet this before my father's majesty--
I am content that he shall take the odds
Of his great name and estimation,
And will, to save the blood on either side,
Try fortune with him in a single fight.
Hal- to Worcester, who has come to "obtain a peaceful solution". Hal inflates Hotspur's honor so that it will be all the more glorious when he takes him down
-Hal is also saying that whole armies don't have to die to settle this matter, he can combat Hotspur one on one
No, by my soul; I never in my life
Did hear a challenge urged more modestly,
Unless a brother should a brother dare
To gentle exercise and proof of arms.
He gave you all the duties of a man;
Trimm'd up your praises with a princely tongue,
Spoke to your deservings like a chronicle,
Making you ever better than his praise
By still dispraising praise valued in you;
And, which became him like a prince indeed,
He made a blushing cital of himself;
And chid his truant youth with such a grace
As if he master'd there a double spirit.
Of teaching and of learning instantly.
There did he pause: but let me tell the world,
If he outlive the envy of this day,
England did never owe so sweet a hope,
So much misconstrued in his wantonness.
Sir Richard Vernon- to Hotspur. He is describing Hal when he made the offer for the one on one combat with Hostpur. Shows that Hal's offer "worked" in the sense that by recognizing his rival is has already gained some honor in the eyes of England's citizens.
Embowelled! if thou embowel me to-day,
I'll give you leave to powder me and eat me too
to-morrow. 'Sblood,'twas time to counterfeit, or
that hot termagant Scot had paid me scot and lot too.
Counterfeit? I lie, I am no counterfeit: to die,
is to be a counterfeit; for he is but the
counterfeit of a man who hath not the life of a man:
but to counterfeit dying, when a man thereby
liveth, is to be no counterfeit, but the true and
perfect image of life indeed. The better part of
valour is discretion; in the which better part I
have saved my life.'Zounds, I am afraid of this
gunpowder Percy, though he be dead: how, if he
should counterfeit too and rise? by my faith, I am
afraid he would prove the better counterfeit.
Therefore I'll make him sure; yea, and I'll swear I
killed him. Why may not he rise as well as I?
Nothing confutes me but eyes, and nobody sees me.
-Falstaff is playing dead after his battle with Douglass
-RIses up and "kills Hotspur"
-Falstaff has survived by conterfeiting death= KEY THEME. There was an economic crisis at the time, in the value of money. Inflation and counterfeiting decreases the value of money (just as inflation of one's character decreases the integrity of their actions, Falstaffs body is a figure of inflation) Counterfeiting appears many times: Hal counterfeiting the public, sending servants disguised as the king, Falstaff counterfeiting death, counterfeiting that he killed Hotspur, etc...
Didst thou? Lord, Lord, how this world is given to
lying! I grant you I was down and out of breath;
and so was he: but we rose both at an instant and
fought a long hour by Shrewsbury clock. If I may be
believed, so; if not, let them that should reward
valour bear the sin upon their own heads. I'll take
it upon my death, I gave him this wound in the
thigh: if the man were alive and would deny it,
'zounds, I would make him eat a piece of my sword.
FOr my part, if a lie may do thee grace, I'll gild it with the happiest terms I have
First speaker: Falstaff
-Hal lets Falstaff take the credit for Hotspurs death- this is more honorable as Hal is displaying magnanimity: something that Kings should have.They provide for their people and do not just take.
"Poor fellow, never joyed since the price of oats rose. It was the death of him."
Carrier (who are interupted by Gadshill looking for a lantern for the robbery)
-referencing the economic crisis occuring at the time
If I be not ashamed of my soldiers, I am a soused gurnet. I have misused the king's press dambably. I have got, in exchange of a hundred and fifty soldiers, three hundred and odd pounds.
Falstaff- before heading to battle with his troops (he was in charge of infantry)
-He used consciption to get wealthy soldiers who could buy their way out of service and then kept the money, and got horrible lowlifes as soldiers.
-reference to ostlers (hired hands) and how the economic crisis has affected regular people
Then, brother John of Lancaster, to you
This honourable bounty shall belong:
Go to the Douglas, and deliver him
Up to his pleasure, ransomless and free:
His valour shown upon our crests to-day
Hath taught us how to cherish such high deeds
Even in the bosom of our adversaries.
-After the battle, Douglas, a rebel was taken a prisoner of war.
-Hal decides to release him without ransom- this is an act of magnanimity- creating a reciprocal obligation
My blood hath been too cold and temperate, Unapt to stir at these indignities
And you have found me; for accordingly you tread my patience. But be sure I will come henceforth rather be mself, mighty and feared, than my condition"
King Henry to Hostpur while he is explaining his actions for witholding the prisoners.
-the word condition implies the King has a sense of his self, we have certain dispositions but have a soul and can modify it to be what we want, "might and feared"
Item, A capon 2s 2d. Item Sauce 4d Item Sack two gallons...
Peto (another tavern patron)
-this is Falstaffs bill= literal example of reckoning, counting up ones total. In the figurative sense, reckoning means to obtain restribution (reward) for ones actions. Hal is constantly calculating how he can obtain his "reward" (honor and great ruling as king). Falstaff lives in the moment as does not direct his actions to any goal. THis constrast is also shown in Falstaff's debts, and Hal always pays them back or expects payment (also shown in his magnanimity= reciprocal obligation). He associates credit with trust, while Falstaff just takes advantage of credit.
-Falstaff associates honor with a trim reckoning= ie the reward, death- does not make it such a great achievement
-Hal associates Hotspurs "eloquence" as a reckoning