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### 28 Cards in this Set

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 How does heating and cooling cause changes in matter? Heating and cooling will cause matter to change state. How are the mass and volume of an object different? Mass is the amount of material that an object has in it. Volume is the amount of space that matter takes up. How does baking pancakes produce a different kind of matter? The liquid in the batter is released as a gas. The liquid batter changes into a solid. balance an instrument used to measure an object's mass What metric units are used to measure mass? Grams and kilograms are used to measure mass. freezing point the temperature at which matter changes from a liquid to a solid Name four physical changes that can happen to material. Changes in size shape, color, and stae of matterare all physical changes. physical change a change in matter that change physical properties, but does not produce a different kind of matter How is a solution different from other mixtures? In a mixture the substances to not blend evenly. In a solution the substances blend evenly throughtout the another substance (salt and water solution--usually one substance will disolve in the other) volume the amount of space that matter takes up What are two different units scientists use to measure volume? Scientists use cubic meters,liters and graduated cylinders to measure volume. density how much mass is in a certain volume of matter Name three examples of chemical changes other than cooking. Burning, tarnishing and rusting are other examples of a chemical change. boiling point the temperature at which matter changes from a liquid to a gas How is density different than mass? Mass is the amount of material in an object. Density is the amount of mass in a certain volume of matter. (water and syrup) graduated cylinder a tool used to measure the volume of liquids chemical change a change in matter that produces a different kind of matter melting point the temperature at which matter changes from a solid to a liquid mixture two or more substances that are mixed together but can be easily separted What are two physical properties of matter? A property is something about matter that can be observed and tells you what the matter is like. color, shape, size, mass, state(liquid, gas, solid) ability to float. meter a unit for measuring length kilogram a metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 grams mass the amount of material that an object has in it cubic meter a unit for measuring the volume of a solid liter a unit for measuring volume gram the basic unit for measuring mass solution a mixture in which one substance spreads evenly throughout another substance matter anything that has mass and takes up space