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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sexual Orientation is defined (in this chapter) as _____ consistently made after adolescence in the presence of clear alternatives.
Distinct Preference
Recent surveys indicate that _ - _% of the adult male population and about _ - _% of the adult female population have a homosexual orientation
3-7, 1.5-4.5
A true bisexual would have a rating of _, _, or _ on Kinsey's 7-point rating scale.
2, 3, or 4
The _____ of the vast majority of homosexuals and bisexuals are just as strong and consistent with their anatomical sex as among heterosexuals.
Gender Identities
Conformity or nonconformity with gender _____ does not always predict one's sexual orientation.
Roles
Psychoanalytic explanations state that heterosexuality is the "normal" outcome and that homosexuality results from problems resolving the _____ complex.
Oedipus
What regards homosexuality and heterosexuality as learned behaviors?
Social Learning Theory
In the _____ society in Melanesia, all boys engage in same-sex sexual behaviors for many years, yet the large majority grow up to have a heterosexual orientation.
Sambian
Studies with twins indicate a _____ factor, while anatomical studies have found differences in the _____ of heterosexuals and homosexuals.
Genetic, Brains
Many researchers believe that differences in _____ before or shortly after we are born predispose us to a particular sexual orientation.
Hormones
Nearly all agree that biological and social/cultural influences _____ to produce sexual orientation.
Interact
Anthropologists find that most societies are _____ tolerant of homosexuality than prevailing attitudes in the United States.
More
The _____ and _____ accepted homosexuality, as did the early Christians.
Ancient Greeks, Romans
It was not until Saint _____ that homosexuality came to be viewed as unnatural or "against the laws of nature"
Thomas Aquinas
The process of _____, or identifying oneself as homosexual, involves several often painful stages.
Coming Out
The first stage of coming out is _____
Admitting it to oneself
Coming out in the final stages is difficult in a society filled with _____, socially reinforced negative attitudes toward individuals, communities, and homosexual behaviors.
Social Prejudice
True/False: In some cultures, same - sex sexual behavior is considered normal for boys during adolescence.
True
True/False: Homosexuals usually act and/or dress differently from heterosexuals.
False
True/False: Bisexuals are people who are afraid to admit to themselves their real homosexuality.
False
True/False: Most homosexuals are unhappy with their sexual orientation and would like to become heterosexual.
False
True/False: A homosexual orientation indicates a gender identity problem.
False
True/False: A male homosexual can be made heterosexual by administering large doses of testosterone.
False
True/False: People who have had same-sex sexual experiences are by definition homosexual in orientation.
False
True/False: Women who have had same-sex sexual relations are more likely to be bisexual than homosexual.
True
True/False: Freud believed that all people were capable of becoming either heterosexual or homosexual, depending on their early childhood experiences.
True
True/False: Researchers have found a higher rate of concordance for homosexuality between identical twins than between nonidentical twins.
True
True/False: A bisexual is anyone who has had sex with both men and women.
False
True/False: Recent studies support Kinsey's findings that 10% of American men are homosexual.
False
True/False: Same-sex sexual experiences before age 15 are a good predictor of adult sexual orientation.
False
True/False: Many homosexuals and bisexuals have gender dysphoria.
False
True/False: Most lesbians have not had pleasurable sexual relations with men.
False
True/False: Extremely effeminiate ("sissy") boys always develop a homosexual orientation.
False
True/False: If one identical twin is homosexual, the other twin always is too.
False
True/False: Studies have found that areas of the hypothalamus (in the brain) are different in male heterosexuals and homosexuals.
True
True/False: Most homosexuals adopt a single role ("masculine" or "feminine") in their relationships.
False
True/False: Children raised by openly homosexual parents are more likely to develop a homosexual orientation than children raised by heterosexual parents.
False
Henry has had a few same-sex sexual experiences, but has had sex only with women since he turned 15 ten years ago. Is Henry probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
a. Probably Heterosexual
Joyce has been married and enjoyed sexual relations with her husband, but now prefers sexual relations with women. Is Joyce probably...

a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
b. Probably Homosexual
Frank has had sex with both men and women. Is Frank probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
e. Not enough information here to make a guess
Michael belives he is a woman and has sex only with men. Is Michael probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
d. Probably Transsexual
Carl sometimes enjoys sex with women, but prefers sexual relations with men. Is Carl probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
b. Probably Homosexual
Tom is 12 years old and his few sexual experiences have been exclusively with boys his age. Is Tom probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
e. Not enough information to make a guess
Alice enjoys sex with men most of the time, but she often enjoys sex with women as well. Is Alice probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
c. Probably Bisexual
Diane has had sex with only men, but occasionally has homosexual fantasies. Is Diane probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
a. Probably Heterosexual
Matthew occasionally goes to bathhouses and lets other men give him oral-genital sex. Is Matthew probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
e. Not enough information to make a guess.
Mary's gender identity is not consistent with her anatomical sex. Is Mary probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
d. Probably transsexual
Steve is 19 years old and his only sexual experiences have been with women, but all his sexual fantasies are about men. Is Steve probably...
a. heterosexual
b. homosexual
c. bisexual
d. transsexual
or e. not enough information to make a guess?
b. Probably homosexual
In this book, sexual orientation is defined as distinct preferences consistently made after _____ in the presence of clear alternatives.
Adolescence
Researchers believe that hormones may affect sexual orientation during which time of life?
Before or shortly after birth.
According to this chapter, biological factors probably _____ individuals to a particular sexual orientation.
Predispose
The four stages of the coming-out process are:
a. acknowledge to themselves
b. getting to know other homosexuals
c. telling family and friends
d. complete openness about sexuality
Name four nonliving homosexuals who made significant contributions to humankind (listed in text):
Socrates, Leonardo DeVinci, Michelangelo, Walt Whitman