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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sexual Aversion
find sex distinctly unpleasant or repulsive
Sexual Aversion Gender Ratio
Rare in men; more common in women
Psychological Causes of Desire Disorders
Increase in anger or anxiety

Afraid of losing control over urges so resist completely
Biological Causes of Desire Disorders
High level of prolactin; low testosterone; high/low estrogen
Desire Phase
Urge to have sex, sexual fantasies, and sexual attractions to others
Causes of Desire Phase
Usually caused by sociocultural and psychological reasons; sometimes may be biological
Hypoactive Sexual Desire
Lack of sexual interest in sex and a low level of activity
Human Sexual Response Cycle
1. Desire
2. Excitement
3. Orgasm
4. Resolution
Sexual Dysfunctions
Disorders in which people cannot respond normally in key areas of sexual functioning
Sexual Dysfunction Prevalence
31% of men; 43% of women
Excitement Phase
Changes in the pelvic region, general physical arousal, and increases in heart rate, muscle tension, blood pressure, and rate of breathing
Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
Persistantly unable to attain or maintain proper lubrication or genital swelling during sexual activity
Female Sexual Arousal Disorder Prevalence
10% of women
Male Erectile Disorder
Persistently fail to attain or maintain an adequate erection during sexual activity
Male Erectile Disorder Prevalence
10% of men
Main age of those with erectile disorder
How many men experience erectile disorder over life?
50% at least once
Biological Causes of Erectile Disorder
Vascular problems; any disease that limits the blood into the arteries
Nocturnal Penile Tumescence
Erections during sleep; have 2-3 hours of erections during REM
Psychological Causes of Erectile Disorder
90% of all depressed men; Spectator Role; Performance anxiety
Performance Anxiety
Fear of performing inadequately and a related tension experienced during sex
Spectator Role
State of mine that some people experience during sex, focusing on their sexual performance to such an extent that their performance is reduced
Sociocultural Causes of Erectile Disorder
Stress; wife provides too little physical stimulation
Orgasm Phase
Sexual pleasure peaks and sexual tension is released as the muscles in the pelvic region contract
Premature Ejaculation
Persistenly reaches orgasm and ejaculates with very litle sexual stimulation
Premature Ejaculation Prevalence
29% of men
Male/Female Orgasmic Disorder
Repeatedly cannot reach orgasm or is very delayed in reaching orgasm after normal sexual excitement
Biological Causes of Male Orgasmic Disorder
Low testosterone level; some head or spinal cord injuries; serotonin-enhancing antidepressants
Female Orgasmic Disorder is typically linked to what?
Female sexual arousal disorder
Biological Causes of Female Orgasmic Disorder
Diabetes; MS (and other neurological disorders); Antidepressants; Postmenopause
Psychological Causes of Female Orgasmic Disorder
Unhappy childhood or loss of parent during childhood
Sociocultural Cuases of Female Orgasmic Disorder
Strict religious upbringing; 1/2 of all molested as child/raped as adult
Involuntary contractions of the muscles around the outer third of the vagina; usually a learned fear
Severe pain in the genitals during sexual activity
Cause of Dyspareunia in Women
Physical cause (childbirth injury)
Common treatment for sexual dysfunctions in PAST
Psychodynamic therapy (failure to move properly through the psychosexual stages of development) - - unsuccessful
Length of modern sex therapy
15-20 sessions
Affectual Awareness (Hypoactive and Sexual Aversion)
Patients visualize sexual scenes in order to discover any feelings of anxiety concerning sex
Self-Instruction Training (Hypoactive and Sexual Aversion)
Cognitive therapy to help to change negative reactions to sex
Treatment for Erectile Disorder
Reduce performance anxiety; increase stimulation; Tease technique; Viagra
Treatment for Male Orgasmic Disorder
Masturbate to orgasm in presence of partner; may include drug therapy if neurological
Treatment for Premature Ejaculation
Stop-Start, Pause Method; Serotonin enhancing medications
Treatment for Female Arousal and Orgasmic Disorders
self-exploration, enhancement of body awareness, directed masturbation training
Direct Masturbation Training
Woman is taught step by step how to masturbate effectively and eventually reach orgasm during sexual interactions
Treatment for Vaginismus
Practice tightening and relaxing vaginal muscles until she gains more voluntary control over them
Percentage of those with complete treatment for Vaginismus
Treatment for Dyspareunia
Learn intercourse positions that avoid putting pressure on injured areas
Current Trends in Sex Therapy
Paying more attention to sex addiction
Disorder in which individual repeatedly have intense sexual urges or fantasies that involve not normal objects
Lower the production of testosterone; reduce sex drive
Recurrent, intense sexual urges, sexually arousing fantasies, or behaviors that involved nonlinving objects (shoes, underwear, etc)
Psychodynamic View of Fetishism
A defense mechanism to avoid the anxiety produced by sexual contact; acquired through classical conditioning
Behavioral Treatments of Fetishism
Aversion therapy; covert sensitization
Masturbatory Satiation
Masturbates to orgasm focusing on appropriate object, then about the fetish for an hour; attempts to create boredom linked with the fetish
Orgasmic Reorientation
Teaches individuals to respond to more appropriate sources of sexual stimulation
Transvestic Fetishism
Cross-dressing; Repeated need or desire to dress in clothes of the opposite sex in order to achieve sexual arousal; operant conditioning
Transvestic Festishism is most common in __
heterosexual men
Recurrent urges to expose his genitals to another person
Recurrent, intense urges to secretly observe unsuspecting people as they undress/spy on couples having sex
Psychodynamic View of Voyeurism
Want to gain power over others; may feel inadequate sexually; reduce fears of castration
Repeated and intense sexual urges to touch and rub against a non-consenting person
Gain sexual gratification by watching, touching, or engaging in sexual acts with prepubescent children
Pedophilic victims are most likely?
2/3 are girls
Sexual Masochism
Intensely sexually aroused by the act or thought of being humiliated, beaten, bound, or otherwise made to suffer
When people strangle or smother themselves
Autoerotic Asphyxia
Accidently produce a fatal lack of oxygen by hanging while masturbating
Sexual Sadism
Intensely sexually aroused by the thought or act of inflicting suffering on others
Gender Identity Disorder/Transsexualism
People persistently feel that there is a mistake in the assignment of their sex
Bed Nucleus of Stria Terminalis (BST)
This is half as large in those who believe that they are a women when they have male anatomy - women's are naturally smaller than the size of men