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50 Cards in this Set

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prostate specific antigen bloodtest to detect for prostate cancer

(measures a protein made only by the prostate)
PSA Test
gonadtropin-releasing hormone

(stimulates the pituitary production and secretion of FSH and ICSH)
GnRH
gonadtropin-releasing hormone

(stimulates the production of sperm cells)
FSH
gonadtropin-releasing hormone

(stimulates the interstitial cells to produce testosterone)
ICSH
feeds back to hypothalamus and pituitary to cause drop in FSH production
inhibin
portion of th elower brain, contains cells that produce and secrete substances that maintain control of the pituitary gland, located just beneath it.
Hypothalamus
one atop each kidney. has outer cortex that produces small amounts of androgens. in a female, only source of androgens. in a male, insignificant amount compared to what produced by the testes.
adrenal glands
male sex hormone, also influences bone structure

also found in women, in small amounts, used to maintain sex drive
androgens
hormone in women released just before the birth of the baby. helps dilate the uterine cervix, which eases baby's passage
relaxin
glands that secrete hormones which are released into the bloodstream into all the cells in the body
endocrine glands
chemical regulators under the control of which are all processes of the body
hormones
men's pea-sized gland located beneath the prostate gland on either side of the urethra. releases pre-ejaculate in order to neutralize the pH of any urine residue in the urethra
Cowper's gland
pouch-like structures about 2 in. long, attached to the vas deferens near the base of the urinary bladder
seminal vesicles
fatty acid substances that stimulate muscular contractions in the female reproductive tract that help sperm cells move toward the ovum.
prostaglandins
opening of the urethra as it terminates at the outside of the body
urinary meatus
chemical regulators under the control of which are all processes of the body
hormones
men's pea-sized gland located beneath the prostate gland on either side of the urethra. releases pre-ejaculate in order to neutralize the pH of any urine residue in the urethra
Cowper's gland
pouch-like structures about 2 in. long, attached to the vas deferens near the base of the urinary bladder
seminal vesicles
fatty acid substances that stimulate muscular contractions in the female reproductive tract that help sperm cells move toward the ovum.
prostaglandins
opening of the urethra as it terminates at the outside of the body
urinary meatus
glands that produce the seminal fluid portion of the semen
accessory glands
in males, a gland surrounding the neck of the urinary bladder
prostate gland
small muscular tube about 18 inches long through which sperm are carried upward as they leave
vas deferens
long, flattened organ attached to the upper surface of each testis. contains a thin, tightly coiled tubule about 20 feet long which is a link between the testis and vas deferens, in which sperm mature
epidiymis
cells which secrete sex hormones
interstitial cells
foreskin
prepuce
expansion near the end of the vas deferens
ampulla
ducts in testes along which sperm are produced
seminiferous tubules
ducts that carry sperm and semen
genital ducts
the cord that suspends the testes in the scrotum
spermatic cord
failure of testes to descend
cryptorchidism
located in sac-like scrotum. produce sperm and the sex hormones testosterone and inhibin
testes
2 larger cavernous bodies in the upper part of the penis
corpora cavernosa
spongy body lying in the penis beneath the other 2 cylinder
corpus spongiosum
thin fold of tissue which anchors the glans to the foreskin
frenulum
half of all breast cancers develop in this quadrant
upper outer quadrant
female gynecological cancers
cervical, uterine, ovarian
3
reproductive infections
vulvitis, vaginitis, yeast infection, TSS, UTI
5
a condition in which bits of endometrial tissue normally found lining the uterus spread and attach to other parts of the body
endometriosis
absence of menstration
amenorrhea
pain associated with menstration
dysmenorrhea
hormone released by the ovary, causes rapid growth of endometrium of uterus, breast developement, increases fat deposits in the breasts, thighs, and buttocks
estrogens
hormone released by the ovary, causes endometrium to become thick, spongy, glandular, and receptive to fertilized ovum
progesterone
hormone released by the pituitary gland, stimulates follicle to break open and discharge ovum and follicular fluid
LH
hormone only in pregnant women
hCG
cavity between the genital lips
vestibule
neck of uterus
cervix
inner lining of uterus
endometrium
ducts connecting ovaries
fallopian tubes
female sex cells
ova