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16 Cards in this Set

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(XO) or (Xx) lack normal ovaries, but have a uterus, short stature, wide chest & neck
Turner's Syndrome (1/4000)
(XXY) or (XXXY) small testes, but breasts develop, F contours & sparse hair, tallness
Klinefelter's Syndrome (1/1000)
(XXX) no physical problems, just verbal problems & low fertility
Triple-X Syndrome (1/1500)
(XYY) genital abnormalities, low fertility, low IQ
XYY Syndrome (1/2000)
existence of ovarian & testicular tissue in same individual- can look normal or ambigous
Gondal Intersexuality / True Hermaphroditism
male Sertoli cells secrete this hormone to stop the Female defalt
AMH (Anti-Mullerian Hormone)
Possible causes for Gondal Intersexuality
cells lack receptor cites for androgen, M & F conceptus fuse together?,
Intersexed whose condition involves structures other than gonads, more common than gondal/true
Pseudohermaphroditism (1/10,000)
(XY) but looks F, no uterus, lack pubic hair, does have breasts from adrenal glands), body not receptive to androgens
Complete AIS (1/10,000)
(XY) same as Complete AIS, but can look either way
Partial AIS (1/10,000)
(XX) with partial masculinization: enlarged clitoris, fused labia, with further masculinizaion at puberty if untreated.
CaH (Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia)1/16,000 -corticosteriod deficiency leds to excess testosterone
(XY) only problem is rapid growth & early puberty
CaH (Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia)1/16,000 -corticosteriod deficiency leds to excess testosterone
(XY)with internal testes, etc. but no penis & scrotum until puberty when testosterone increases
5a-Reductase Deficiency -very rare except in small interbred communities(the protein that converts testos. to DHT)
abnormal location of the urinary meatus
Hyospadias 1/350 males bad enough for surgery
common exit of the gastrointestial & urogenital systems in both M & F
Cloaca
congenital abnormality in which puberty is delayed & other developmental anomalies occur
Kallman's Syndrome