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31 Cards in this Set

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the Mayflower Compact
While on board, the travelers (called Pilgrims) signed an agreement establishing a "body politic" and a basic legal system for the colony. that agreement, the Mayflower Compact, is important noto nly because it created a legal authority and an assembly, but also becasue it asserted that the government's power devrices from the consent of the governed and not, as some monarchists known as Absolutists believed, from God.
monarchists/Absolutists
believed that government's power is derived from God....Mayflower Comact asserted that it is derived from the people.
John Winthrope
Led the Massachusetts bay coloney during "The Great Puritan Migration" (1629-1642)
Roger Williams
a teacher in the Salem Bay settlement, taught a number of controversial principles, among them that church and state should be seperate.
Anne Hutchinson
was a prominent proponent of "Antinomianism, the belief that faith and God's grace- as opposed to the observance of moral law and performance of good deeds - suffice to earn one a place among the elect.
Oliver Cromwell
Ruled durong the puritan halt of emigration to New England. (1649-1660)Cromwell represented the culmination of puritan victory in the english civil war. he allowed religious freedom. cromwell dies 1658. his rule is called "Interregnum" (between kings)
Pequot War
Mass bay colonialists want to exand, perhaps to the Connecticut Valley, but Pequot are in the way. After Pequot attack settlers, settlers burn 400 pequot and destroy the tribe
Connecticut as a colony
was a proprietorship, owned by own person, recieved its charter in 1635
Maryland as a colony
was a proprietorship, granted to Cecilus Calvert, Lord Baltimore. Clavert declared Maryland a haven of religious tolerance for all Christians, and it became the first major catholic enclave in the new world.

New York and new jersey aldo given by king
Penn as a colony
Ultimately the Quackers revied their own colony,. William Penn, a Quaker, was a close friend of King Charles II, and Charles granted Penn what became Pennsylvania. Penn did things differently, treated native americans with respect, have liberal religious policies
North Carolina
which was settled by Virginians and deeloped into a Virginia-like Colony
South Carolina*
which was settled by the descendants of Englishmen who had colonized Barbadoes. Barbados's primary export was surgar, and its plantations wee worked by slaves. They brought slaves, marked real begining
Reasons black slaves were better
-black skin made it easier to justify their enslavement
-they were much easier to enslave then native americans- they didn't know the land, they worked harder
the age of salutary neglect
(1650-1750) british treatment of the colonies durting the period preceding the Frehcn and Indian War (also called the Seven yers War) is often descrbied as "salutary neglect". Although England regulated trade and goernment of its colongies, it interfered in colonial affairs as little as possible. England even occasionally turned its back to colonies ciolations of trade restictions. THUS, THE COLONIES DEVELOPED A LARGE DEGREE OF AUTONOMY which helped fuel revolutionairy sentiments when the monarchy later attempted to gain greater ocntrol of the New World.
During this century, the oclonies "grew up"
mercantilism
mercantilists believed that economic power was rooted in a favorable balance of trade and the control of specie (hard currency).

The american colonies were seen primarily as markets for British and WEst Indian goods, although they also were valued as sources of raw materials that would otherwise have to be bought from a goreign country.
protective tariffs
in order to guarantee a favorable balance of trade, the British government ecouaged manufacturing in England and placed protective tariffs on impooirts that might compete with English goods.
navigation acts
a protective tarif passed between 1651 and 1673 required colonists to buy goods only from england, to sell certain of its products only to ENgland, and to important any non-English goods via English ports and pay a duty on those imports. The naviations acts also prohibited the colonies from manufacturing a numbero f good s that England alreadfy produced.

only somewhat successful, and the colonialists didnt take much issue with them because they were still dependant on england
colonial legislatures
Except for Pennsylvania (which had a unicameral legislature) al the colonies had a bicameral legislatures modeled after the Bristish Parliament. The lower house functioned in much the same way as deos today's House of Representatives; its members were directly elected and its pwoers inclucded the "power of the purese". The upper house was made up of appointees, who served as advirsors to the governor and had some legislative and judicial powers. Most of theese men were chosen from the lo0cal popuilation. Most were concerned primarily with protecting the interests of colonial landowners.
The New England Confederation
although England never tried to establish one central governemnt, the New Egnland Confederation was an attempt at it. it had no real power, but it did offer advice to northeastern colonies when disputes arose among them. it also provided colonists fro mthe different settlements the opportunity to meet and to discover and discuss their mutual problems.
Bacons Rebeligion
took place on Virginia's western frontier during the 1670s. as pioneers expanded to make money, the pioneers soon believed that the colonial government wa not making a good-faith effort to protect them, and that, furthermore ,the government was using them as a ":human sheidl" to protect the weathier colonists to the east. Rallying behind Nathaniel Bacon, the settlers first attacked both the Boegs and the Susquehannocks, and then turned their attentions toward the oclonial governor. rebels marched on jamestown and burned it to the ground.
King Philip's War
colonial expansion led to the bloodiest ENglish0Native amerian conflict. settlers expand, their leader, Meacomet (known as King Philip) led attacks on several settlements in retaliation for their intrusion into Pokanoket territory. Soon after, he formed an alliance with local tribes. the alliance was very effective until king philip died, then they all got fucked. marked the end of major indian uprisings.
Stono Uprising
the first and one of the most usccessful slave rebellions. In september 1739, apprioximately twenty slaves met near the Stono river outside Charleston, South Carolina. They stole guns and ammunition and killed storekeepers and planters, and liberated a number of slaves. The rebels fled to Florida. as a result, many colonies past more restrictive laws governming slaves
The Salem Witch Trials
took place in 1692. ....to top it off, the puritans feared that their reliion - which they fervently believed awas theonly true religion, was on its way out. Many second and third generation puritans lacked the gervor of the orginial pilgrim and congregationalists settlers, a situation that led to the Halfway Covenant

all these factors (the dominion of New England, the glorious revolution and the halfway covenant, created mass hysteria in Salme in 1692.
the dominion of New England
(explanation for salem witch trials) the region had recently endured the autocratic control of the dominion of new england, an enlish governemnt attempt to clamp down on illegal trade. Mass charter had been revoked, its assemblies dissolved, and the governmor who ruled for two years was granted full power s usually excised by absolute monarch. came to end with the glorious revolution.
glorious revolution
in England overthrew James II and replaced him with William and Mary.
Halfway Covenant
changed the rules governming Puritan baptism.s ( Prior to the passage of the Halfway COvenant in 1662, a Puritan had to experence the gift of God's grace in order for his or her children to be baptized by the chirch. With so many, particularly men, losing interest in the church, the Puritan clergy decided to baptize all children whose paretns were baptized- however, (here is the half-way part) those that had not EXPERIENCED GOD'S GRACE WERE NOT ALLOWED TO VOTE.
Great Awakeing
As noted above, the genreations that followeed the original settlers were generally less religious than those that preceded them. by 1700 women constitued the majority of active church members. However, between the 1730s and 1760 the colonies experiened a wave of religious revivalism known as the Great Awakening. Two men, COngregationalist minister Jonathan Edwards and the Methodists preacher George Whitefeild, came to exemplfiy the period. Edwards preached the severe, predeterministic doctrines of Calvinsism and became famopus for his graphic depictions of Hell...Whitefield preached a Christianity based on emotionalism and spiriutually, which today is most clearly manifiested in Southern evangelism.

The first Great Awakening is often described as a response of devoout people to the Enlightenment, a Europena intellectual movement that borrowed hjeailyy from ancient philosophy and emphasized rationalism over emotionalism or spirituality
Jonathan Edwards
big Great Awakening guy, Congrgationalist (fire and brimstone)
George Whitefeild
big Greakawakening guy, methodist (emotion, spirituality ,like southern evalgelism)
Ben Franklin
tipified enlightenment ideals in America
how quickly the colonies grew
in 1700- 250,000, by 1750- 1,250,000. most lived in rural areas